Contents and breeding of various breeds of rabbits
- 31 Jul 14:45
- What should you know?
- Where to keep animals?
- Basic Rules for Creating Cells
- Animal Specific Features
Everyone knows that rabbits, retention and breeding which are available even for beginners, is a very popular way of earning profit. Andcan earn income in several ways: due to fur breeds, at the expense of meat from meat breeds, and even using rabbit manure as fertilizer. In addition, it should be borne in mind that from one female during the year can receive an admission in the number of 25-26 individuals.
What should you know?
Before you get a rabbit farm, you need to decide for which purpose the rabbits will parted. Accordingly, you can choose which breed to stop your choice: meat, meat, or wild feather. After that you can buy young breeding grounds.
Identify a healthy young rabbit is easy. External signs of animal health can be reduced to shiny dense furs, clear eyes without any secretions, dense, smooth, and motor activity. In this case, animals that have imperfections in the form of curves of the paws, elongated form of the head, the abdominal wall, or the back, or intact dull furs, must be rejected at an early stage.
Even if there is one drawback, it is better to avoid purchasing an animal of doubtful quality than to spend time and money on combating diseased livestock. The next issue to be solved is the choice of how to keep rabbits. Experts recommend two variants of the content of these animals: closed( in special craters) and open( in the open air, in pits or cages).In the latter case it is believed that healthy, tempered individuals are well tolerated during the cold season, if the ambient temperature does not drop below -20 ° C.The purpose of maintenance is still better to combine two ways of keeping and moving the livestock in the room for the winter.
Where to keep animals?
If rabbits were selected in cages, care should be taken that the cells themselves meet the necessary requirements: they were clean, dry, they were given enough light, because in conditions of high humidity and drafts the animals would be ill. In the standard rules on how to care for rabbits, there are recommendations for the separate containment of young animals and adult animals. Thus, individuals who have not reached the age of three months may well be grouped in cells. Over time, rabbits will still have to settle, since they reach puberty, they become aggressive.
Of course, you can buy ready-made cells in special stores for animals, but farmers, breeding rabbits, recommend themselves to make the cells. Often, cells are made of medium size, up to 600 mm deep, about 700 mm wide, and not more than 900 mm high, otherwise it is difficult to maintain order in them. Both portable and multi-tier varieties of cells are practiced. For a warm season it is desirable to equip the elderly cells that are placed in such a way that the sun's rays are not too heated. Rabbits are very badly overheated. For the same purpose, the cell width is such that the animal has the opportunity to hide in the shade. For females, the cells are made with the addition of a mother's office, where the rabbit can produce offspring. Sometimes such a compartment is made in the form of a portable box, which is set to the pregnant female for a few days before the start.
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Basic rules for creating
cells The sex in cells is better to do with wooden rails, because such a design facilitates the care of the rabbit, taking into account the daily need for cleaning the cells. Rails with a width of about 30 mm nailed so that between them remained a distance of 10-15 mm, so all waste will fail in a pallet located under the cell.
Experienced breeders do not strongly recommend using cells that consist entirely of metal mesh.
Despite the fact that in such cells the care of the rabbits is facilitated, the floor itself is often the cause of the disease of the legs - prodermatypes. So it's best to spend a little more time cleaning, but keep the animals healthy. A prerequisite for a properly designed cell is the presence of a drink, because rabbits need fresh drinking water for normal well-being. In addition, it will not interfere to equip the feeders for feed and the nursery for hay bundles.
Regardless of which breed of rabbits was chosen for breeding, feeding them should be well balanced. It is known that overnight a rabbit can fit into a feeder for an unlimited number of times, so that at first it will be correct to give the animal a compound feed, which includes a set of necessary vitamins and trace elements.
In the summer season, the main source of food is leaves, grass, branches of shrubs and fruit trees. Willow, birch or acacia branches are considered useful also. It is advisable to add vegetables to vegetable, and even stems of chicory, wormwood or dill. This helps animals to protect themselves from parasites and promote the development of appetite. Young individuals are recommended to dry garlic stems in the diet to prevent stomatitis or stomach ailments.
In addition, giving grass to rabbits, it is necessary to carefully monitor that the food does not get poisonous plants: stems dumb, bellies, headaches. Otherwise, there is a risk of death for animals.
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Animal feeding features
In the cold season, with a lack of greenery, it is necessary to feed rabbits with vitamins rich in root crops and asparagus berries. This is especially true for nursing females. Such rabbits and young are taken to feed up to 4 times a day, and all others - three times a day. Basically, in the winter, rabbits eat fodder corn and mixed fodder. The main thing - to take into account that rabbits are quite difficult to get used to the innovations in the composition of the feed. If there is a need to introduce a new component in the diet, it is better to do so, starting with small doses, gradually increasing the amount of new feed. It is very important to organize the supply of clean water to rabbits 2 times a day, especially during the hot season. In the winter, you can drink animals only 1 time, but water should not be too cold. Or, instead of water, snow is given in winter, but ice water is extremely undesirable.
Rabbits multiply, as a rule, during the "hunting" of females. This period occurs at any time of the year, every 10 days, and it lasts from three to five days. Determine the offensive hunt for females on their behavior: manifestations of anxiety, loss of appetite and porosuvshevyh sexual loop. It is very important not to allow females to sickle or sick with mastitis.
For the rest of the same procedure it looks as follows: during the period of "hunting" the rabbit is placed in a cage to the male, after removing all objects that can prevent the free movement of animals in the cell's space. After the pairing, the male gives a squeak sound and falls to the side. After 7 days, it is advisable to have a control compound, in this case, if the rabbit is pregnant from the first time, it will not let the male and will be adjusted aggressively. An outbreak does not occur before the person reaches 4 months of age, otherwise it is possible to harm the animal. At the same time for the male, undesirable long pauses in steaming, as it still affects the state of health. Most often one male is enough to fertilize 8 females during the period of joining.
A pregnant rabbit begins to prepare a nest for several days before childbirth. For this purpose, she pulls the fluff off her abdomen, but sometimes the breeders should help and lay out an additional amount of down or cotton at the bottom of the cage. In case if there is a need to transfer part of the litter to another female, the infants are treated with infusion of wormwood or a tree - this smell can mask another's offspring. In order to prevent infectious diseases, they are immunized with rabbits. For example, a planned vaccination is aimed at preventing myxomatosis and hemorrhagic disease - deadly infections, most often affecting rabbits.
In this case, the vaccine is made only to completely healthy individuals, since vaccination can kill a weakened animal. Prophylaxis of intestinal parasites is carried out with the help of products safe for the individual. The rabbit vaccine is the most easily transmitted at the age of 7 weeks with a body weight of more than 500 g. In this case, immediately after vaccination, the animal is isolated for a couple of weeks from the rest in order to protect the population from possible infection with the infection. Pregnant and nursing rabbits do not do inoculations, which is quite understandable.
If the rabbit is properly groomed, then it becomes fed, with a smooth and shiny fur. And at the age of 4 months, rabbits are already suitable for slaughtering them to produce meat. If the purpose of growing is fur, the maintenance of rabbits should be extended to 7-8 months. As a result of adjusted sales channels, you can get a good income by selling skins or rabbit meat to procurers. If you do everything according to the instructions, then even in the absence of practical experience, you can get good results.