Skin Calcinosis - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Photo
- 25 Jul 19:45
- Disease Of The Skin
Calcium is a microelement that is vital to the body. It is thanks to calcium that the bones of the skeleton acquire hardness and strength. However, the excess calcium in the body is no less harmful than its disadvantage. When excessive calcium content develops a serious disease- calcinosis.
Calcium salts are normally found in the body in dissolved condition. But if the salt concentration significantly exceeds the norm, then they begin to fall precipitated and deposited in soft tissues, including in the skin. In this case, develops a pathological condition, such as calcinosis. And if in the body there is a deposit of silver salts, then this disease is called - arghiria.
- 1 Causes of development of
- 2 Clinical picture of
- 3 Forms of the disease
- 4 Methods of diagnosis
- 5 Calcinosis in pregnant
- 6 Treatment of
- 6.1 Treatment of folk methods
- 7 Prevention and prognosis
- 8 Photo
Causes of development of
Skin calcinosis is usually, a secondary illness, that is, an organism's reaction to an excessive concentration of calcium salts in the body. Excessive calcium is deposited initially in the internal organs, and then, with the flow of blood penetrates into the tissue of the skin.
Sources of excessive calcium production may be tumors of various organs or pathologically altered kidneys.
However, in some patients, the mechanism of development of calcinosis is different. In such patients, due to disturbances in metabolic processes, excess calcium salts are initially postponed precisely in the tissues of the skin. And as the disease progresses, the muscles, tendons and internal organs are pulled into the process.
Factors that can cause skin calcinosis are dermatological diseases, which damage collagen fibers - scleroderma, dermatomyositis. In addition, calcinosis of the skin often develops against the backdrop of vascular pathologies, as well as infectious and inflammatory processes that occur chronically.
Clinical picture of
In the first stages, calcinosis does not manifest itself to itself, however, over time, dense bundles appear in large quantities on the body. They do not cause anxiety, are painful to the touch, do not itch and not pepper. The skin over the nodes is practically unchanged, there are no signs of inflammation.
With the further development of skin calcinosis, it is possible to break the nodules with the formation of fistulas as with actinomycosis. From the openings of the fistula a white-yellow mass stands out, looks like a loose porridge.
Most often, nodules with calcinosis of the skin are located on the skin of the hands, on the fingers, in the area of the location of large joints, in the footsteps. Sometimes rash may also appear in other places.
The nodules of calcinosis may be inflamed. Usually, this occurs when squeezing knots subject to tissues, causing edema formation. When you attach an infection, there is suppuration. In this case, the skin turns red, soreness appears. At this stage of the disease, external nodes are reminiscent of tumors resembling oligogranulomas.
Skin calcinosis is a chronic disease that lasts for many years. In the event that a lot of nodules are formed on the skin, calcinosis can cause limitation of joint mobility. With severe skin calcification, joints can completely lose mobility.
Forms of the disease
It is accepted to allocate several forms of calcinosis:
- Metabolic limited calcinosis. With the development of this type of disease, dense nodules-calcinates are formed mainly on the hands - in the area of elbows, on the hands and fingers.
- Calcinosum is universal. In patients with this form of the disease, calcins of different sizes throughout the body are formed. The predominant localization of the rash is the skin of the extremities, especially in the area of the elbows and knees, the buttocks, and the back. Over time, knots are converted into calcium rubber - painless fustula and ulcers, from which stands a crunchy mass of white and yellow color.
- Dystrophic or secondary calcinosis develops as a result of the deposition of excess calcium salts in skin tumors - inflammatory foci and scars. Secondary calcinosis is often accompanied by a dermatomyositis or systemic scleroderma.
Female calcinosis is more common in women than in women with severe sex. A limited form of skin calcinosis can develop in representatives of any age group, but more often than this pathology is affected by elderly women. Universal calcinosis is a disease that often affects the young.
Diagnosis of calcinosis is based on the study of clinical manifestations. Symptoms of calcinosis are very specific, however, it is necessary to differentiate the diagnosis with such diseases as:
- Skin Tumor Collication;
- New cartilaginous and bone tissue formation;
- Atheroma( Epidermal Cyst).
When carrying out histological studies of a material taken from calcinate, significant deposition of calcium salts.
Calcinosis in Pregnant
In pregnant women, the deposition of calcium salts in the placenta increases by the end of the period of carriage. This process is absolutely normal and should not cause anxiety. However, if the pregnant woman has signs of calcinosis of the skin, then this may be evidence of premature placenta maturation. The reason for this may be gestosis, changes that have arisen after the infectious diseases that have been infected, etc., and as a result of the development of gestosis, a pregnant woman can become ill with a throat. Well, about the consequences of developing this disease in pregnant you can read in this article.
Excess calcium is harmful to pregnant women just like the lack of this item. Excess calcium in the pelvic bones of the pregnant woman and the fetus can be the cause of injury in childbirth. With excessive calcination, the fountain in the skull of the fetus may be too small, which complicates the process of birth, as the baby's head can not normally go through the birth canal.
Pregnant in no case can independently prescribe calcium supplements, following the advice of more "experienced" friends. Admission of such drugs is possible only on the appointment of a doctor who is pregnant.
In case pregnant women have dental problems, they do not need to be self-medication while taking calcium. It is likely that the problems are due to the lack of trace elements, and the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria.
Treatment for skin calcinosis should take place in two directions. The first direction is the appointment of therapy to normalize the level of calcium in the body. The second line of treatment for calcinosis of the skin is the removal of large nodes of calcinates, which exert pressure on the tissues or limit the mobility of the joints.
Selection of drugs aimed at normalizing calcium concentration should be done individually. Typically, iodine potassium or ammonium chloride is used to treat skin calcinosis. It should be remembered that these drugs are toxic and can lead to poisoning and the development of severe complications. Therefore, the selection of the drug, the appointment of doses and the duration of the course of treatment of calcinosis should be done only by a doctor.
Surgical removal is used to remove nodules of calcinates. Today, in most clinics, instead of the classical operation, patients for the treatment of skin calcinosis are offered the removal of nodes by electrocoagulation.
When using this method, instead of the usual scalpel, high-frequency currents are used. In surgical treatment of calcinosis of the skin by electrocoagulation in the process of cutting is sealing small vessels and simultaneously disinfecting the wound surface. This circumstance reduces the likelihood of complications and reduces the recovery period.
New nodes at calcinosis are cleaned from the contents of the surgical curettes.
If, in the case of skin calcinosis, the nodes located in the joints limit mobility, then physiotherapy should be used. The patient is prescribed massage of joints, application of ozokerite or paraffin, ultraviolet rays. In the course of treatment of calcinosis, a patient is offered to perform a complex of medical physical education, spa treatment is recommended.
When calcinosis is recommended diet. It is necessary to completely eliminate or significantly reduce the amount of consumed products, which contains a lot of calcium and its salts. When calcinosis it is important to reduce the consumption of salty foods. And another positive plus of the diet can be getting rid of cellulite.
Treatment of folk methods
For the normalization of metabolism and treatment of calcinosis, in addition to medicinal therapy, the use of the power of medicinal plants can be used.
Particularly useful for patients with calcinosis preparations based on garlic. For example, you can use alcohol tincture, cooked with 300 grams of crushed garlic teas and a glass of medical alcohol. Tartar is kept for a week in a dark place, then filtered and taken for treatment of calcinosis according to the scheme:
- On the first day, take a drop of tincture three times a day, stirring tincture in half a glass of water.
- Then you need to increase the daily dose to three drops daily( for an extra drop on the reception).
- Bring the daily dose to 24 drops, then start to reduce the number of drops taken daily by three.
- After a course of treatment for calcinosis, take a break for a week. Then you can start a repeat course.
Prevention and Prognosis
Prophylaxis of skin calcinosis is a careful attitude to your own health. It is important to regularly pass the medical examination, to give the analyzes. In the detection of diseases or pathologies that lead to metabolic disorders, undergo treatment courses. After all, if timely do not start to be treated, there may be various diseases that are associated with a violation of the metabolic process, for example, ochronosis.
Prognosis for skin calcinosis depends on the prevalence of the process. With the advent of unit nodes, the prognosis for treatment is generally favorable. With widespread calcinosis, the forecast deteriorates significantly.