Signs and the fight against diseases and pests of dracaena
- 25 Jul 18:30
This evergreen beauty from the hot tropics has settled in many apartments and offices. But even with all its unpretentiousness dracena sometimes gets sick and loses its attractiveness. You can find out what diseases are frightening, what causes them and how to deal with them, you will learn from this article.Diseases arise mainly due to improper care, pests and infections.
- 1 Infectious diseases
- 2 Diseases due to improper care
- 3 Dread pests
- 3.1 Video «Pests of indoor plants and their control»
Disease disease is very infectious because the plant has a stable immunity. But if you notice that the leaves of the fox were covered with oblong spots of brown or black color, then most likely, your beauty picked up the alternaria. If the spots have a light brown tint, then it is heterosporosis. When brown spots gradually dry up and a yellow color appears, it is definitely phylloscitosis. If you suspect that the flower is sick, immediately isolate it to avoid contamination of other plants.
Diseases of the drainage are quite easy to cure, it's easy to treat leaves with fungicides that are sold in all flower stores. But there is a more dangerous infectious disease that is not so easy to cure - it is a bacteriosis. If the dracaena began to be covered with rotting oily spots and stripes, then this is a true sign of bacteriosis. Unfortunately, it is difficult to deal with this disease and experts advise not to suffer from treatment, but immediately get rid of the infected flower.
Diseases due to improper care
Frequently, dracaena illness occurs due to improper care. Remember, each flower is individual and one that suits one can cause irreparable harm to another. If you notice that the dracaena begins to turn yellow and fade, remember that the life of the leaves is about two years old, before the end of this period, there is a natural extinction. But in the case when young leaves began to spoil, it is worth looking at your plant care immediately.
The causes of the disease may be several:
- deficiency or, conversely, excess light;
- irregular watering;
- excess or lack of nutrients;
- is an inappropriate temperature.
Now let's take a closer look at the features and ways of solving each of the problems.
In the absence of light, the leaves of the flower lose their saturated dark green and become dull, slightly yellowish. To solve this problem, put the pot closer to light, but not in the sun, as the plant may get burns, which are expressed as yellow dry spots. An ideal location for a dracena is the opposite side of the window, which receives a bright light scattered. In winter, it is recommended to make the plant illuminate.
When young leaves suddenly begin to turn yellow and lose elasticity, it is a sure sign that the flower gets water in excess. Immediately stop irrigation and allow the soil to dry well. Then start to water once a week. If this does not solve the problem, remove the flower from the pot and make sure there is no rotten root. If there are any, remove them.
It happens that after listening to the fact that dracena loves drought, she is satisfied with a real desert. This can not be done in any case, otherwise the leaves will begin to dry and fall off. Remember that watering should be moderate so as not to cause various illnesses in your beauty.
Diseases of the dracena also cause malnutrition. Very often flower growers, wishing good for their flowers, just overly pour their fertilizers. And this is a mistake that entails bad consequences. With excess fertilizer, the plant loses its attractive appearance and gradually fades. Total should be in the measure. Add fertilizer a couple of times a month during a period of active growth, that is, from March to the end of August. In winter, fertilizers are not needed.
Often, drainage illnesses appear due to inappropriate microclimate in the room. Remember that she came to us from warm countries with high humidity. The most comfortable flower itself feels at a temperature of + 24-28 degrees in the summer and + 15-19 degrees in the winter. You should not allow the temperature above +30 degrees and below +8 degrees. In both cases, this will cause irreparable harm. If the leaves become sluggish, wrinkled and begin to fall off, this is an obvious sign that the flower is frozen. In order to increase the temperature, it is not necessary to put a bulb near the heating devices, as they very dry the air, which can lead to darkening and dryness of the tips of the sheets.
Dracena loves moisture, so regularly spray leaves with well-settled water, and in summer, arrange warm showers.
Pests of dracena
With all the stability of this plant, pests are often amazed by dracena. Most often the flower is lesioned with a tick, a shield or a tryps. These pests threaten very insidious and often have serious consequences.
To accurately diagnose, let's look at the main signs of the presence of each of the pests of dracena.
It is worth noting that diseases and pests dramatize, in most cases, life-threatening flowers, but bring a lot of trouble. Therefore, before bringing the flower home from the store, study all the rules of care well and try to stick to them as much as possible. In this case, the plant will only please you with its exquisite beauty.
Video "Pests and Plant Plants"
The video deals with the most common pests of plants and ways to combat them;considered popular and effective therapeutic drugs.