How to teach a child to understand time in a clock
- 23 Jul 14:30
Time - the concept is abstract, because it is impossible to grasp it with your hands or just see it, and in the same time, in a variety of situations, it can slow down, then, on the contrary, fly at high speed. And even if some adults have problems with the sense of time, then they already have to demand from thesmall kids. But once you have to start teaching your child to understand time, understand time by hour, to plan personal time: for rest, study, entertainments. From what to start, from what age, and most importantly, how to teach a child to understand time in a clock - we will try to sort out together.
1. When you can introduce a child with an
clock 2. First
study time basics 3.
parenting recommendations 4. Teaching older children
5. How to consolidate the result of
6. Instead of finding
When you can introduce a child to a clock
Even with infancy, the child feels for himself during the time: at first, he gets used to breastfeeding and feels a change of day and night. When he becomes older, he freely appeals to the concepts of the day, night, evening and morning, and after a short period of time, it will not be a problem for him to tell what is the season, which is the day of the month or the day of the week. So, gradually the child is approaching a very important moment, namely, getting acquainted with the clock.
In today's world, watches with a dial practically disappeared from our lives, and instead of electronic numbers came to them, so to teach the child the concept of time clockwise with the arrow became even harder. One of the parents asks: "So maybe you should not bother with the dial and immediately start taking classes with electronic mechanisms?"
The answer is negative, since, only understanding the principle of working the mechanical clock, the child realizes how the time runs out, what is a second, minute, hour, in addition to it it will be much easier to do mathematical calculations, making time slices. Looking at the moving arrows, the child will learn some philosophical concepts, such as the cyclicity of time and the fact that the lost time is no longer recoverable. A re-learn the child to take time on the electronic scoreboard, then it's not that difficult.
Psychologists and preschool education specialists are advised to simulate the situation for a toddler with a clock starting at about from the age of 6, .But this does not mean that at the earliest stages of the child it is not necessary to show mechanical watches, on the contrary, the more often the child will be faced with these devices, the better. And parents should not easily display the clock, but also focus their attention on the voice( in 5 minutes go for a walk; heat the milk in the microwave for 2 minutes; you must get up at 7 o'clock in the morning, so as not to be late in the garden).
So, unwittingly the child will start asking how the parents determine on this thing when the cartoons begin. When it ripens it is possible to begin to learn this complex and important concept as time.
Kids have to see the dial, they need to feel the flow of time. For this, the child can be offered in a game form to draw as many circles as possible on a piece of paper for a certain period of time, for example, in one minute. Then ask to repeat the procedure, but increase the deadline for the task to two minutes. Compare the results. It is important that the child himself monitors the situation, using the arrows on the dial or hourglass.
The first basics of studying the time
Before you start learning, you need to check the elementary knowledge of the baby in the child, because if he will study the numbers in the course of training, it will not only delay for a long period, but also discourages him all the hunt.
A child should be freely considered to be at least a hundred, because at an hour 60 minutes, and also be able to make numbers. It's not bad if the child knows at least a bit of a multiplication table, this will simplify the calculation process( because the minute hand rotates on the dial and calculates time segments, multiple five).
In addition, the child should have the concept of spatial relationships, that is, he knows what is "before", "after", "quarter", "half".
In order to further interest the baby, you should give him a gift - buy a watch with a dial. This will be an additional stimulus to the educational process. It will be best if you take a child with a trip to the store for a purchase and allow him to choose the model you want to choose yourself.
After purchasing the chronometer, you need to brief the child with the device. Tell each arrow what they are designed for and why they rotate at different speeds. It is advisable to allow the child to determine which arrow is running faster, and which is practically on the spot and to check if he has remembered the names of the arrows.
To go to practical classes, you need to make a model of real hours, or if you twist the arrows of a new gift, you can inadvertently "twist his head."
For this you can take a piece of dense cardboard and cut a circle. From the paper or cardboard cut three arrows and secure them with a button so that they can rotate in a circle. On the impromptu dial, you need to apply markup, as in the present hours, and now you can start exercises without worrying about integrity.
A few tips for beginner "teachers"
A model of "mechanical" hours to teach a child the concept of time can be done independently, with his own hands. To involve in the process of creativity and the child himself, it will be interesting for him to take part in the production of methodological material and easier to learn.
Recommendations for Toddler Parents
It is not necessary to load the baby immediately with such concepts as "half", "quarter", start from elementary foundations: what is the hour at which side the arrows are moving, tell about the minute, second and clockwise, why theyso called. After that, you can specifically dwell on the clockwise. To do this, move it around the circle by asking what time it points.
By locking the received information, you can go to the by the minute arrow .Immediately pay attention to the fact that the arrows differ not only in size, but also perform different functions, that is, one shows the hours, and the other minutes.
Next it is worth explaining the child the concept of an hour, that is, when the minute hand is at 12, and the clock indicates that it is exactly an hour. To fix it, you should put a long arrow on 12, and briefly any number and ask the baby to name the exact time.
The next stage is the distribution of the time segment using the momentary arrow. Now it is necessary to tell that the minute hand in the time segment makes a full turn, and a minute, only overcomes the interval from one digit to another.
It is necessary to show the child which section will overcome the minute hand for 5, 10, 15 minutes. If the circle is visually divided in half, then it will be half an hour, but if the dial is divided into 4 parts, then each part will correspond to the "quarter".
Teaching older children
For older children learning should be easy, because they already have more advanced logical thinking, memory and vimdanie. In addition, children already have a certain amount of knowledge that will help them learn the science of time easier.
However, it should be understood that in order to make it easier for the child to study time, say 6 years old, than 5, he should daily engage with him, explaining and telling him about certain phenomena, studying, counting, learning numbers, and so on.
Useful Tips for Parents
How to consolidate the result of
But, do not stop at this, because any useful information should be fixed, so try to correlate events with the time frame, prompting the child to voice time in all situations. Only so will the child fully master the information received and learn how to plan his or her personal time, and then life.
After studying the basics, begin to gradually consolidate the knowledge. Always remind the child of what he has learned. Ask to tell you what the hour is, ask how much he woke up, how much time to eat when his favorite cartoon or transmission begins. Let the child have small orders, for example, turn off the porridge on the plate in 5 minutes, or remind a mom in half an hour.
It is not necessary to conduct classes through force, otherwise it is possible to discourage any desire of the child to study, the same applies to teaching reading, writing, account, and so on. But the fixing of the result is well contributing to the schedule of the day for the baby and its strict observance.
Be sure to check with the child the time spent on games, watching TV shows, on classes. If you visit some circles or sections, teach the child to remember and be able to show the time to which you want to get engaged. Comment on how much you have to spend on the road and help you calculate when to start going to class and how much to go. This will help accustom the child to punctuality.
Instead of Conclusion
When teaching a child to understand the time in a clock, try to be an example for him. Developing a child's sense of punctuality, do not be late, teach him to take time and back it up with your own actions. Often, talk time to the baby and accentuate the arrows of the dial, and then this complex science will turn out to be a baby "on the teeth."