Streptodermia: symptoms, treatment in adults and children, how the disease is transmitted
- 14 Jun 01:30
- Hemorrhoid Treatment
If you do not know what is streptodermia, treatment can be delayed for a long time. Pyodermitis of streptococcus( streptodermia) are epigastric diseases of the skin caused by microorganisms-streptococci. With this type of disease, only the surface layers of the skin are affected and the sweat, greasy and hair follicles are not affected. Getting into the upper layer of the epidermis, streptococcus affects it and causes inflammatory reaction. Begins to form the so-called flictena - flabby bubble, has a surface on the edges of the lips. Streptococcal decomposition products can lead to an allergic reaction.
- 1 Various types of ailments
- 2 Main symptoms of
- streptodermia 3
- treatment methods 4 Possible complications of
- 5 Conclusion
1 Various types of ailments
Mostly children and women( more tender skin), as well as immunocompromised people, suffer from strutodermia. The disease is infectious, which means that it will not be so difficult to get infected. In order to become infected, quite a small damage to the skin( scratches, porrillos, etc.).The most common types of streptococcal pyoderma are streptococcal impetigo and ectimas.
Varieties of Streptodermia:
- Streptococcal Impetigo;
- chronic diffuse streptodermia;
- streptococcal lobe split;
- Turnstile( Impetigo Nail Cushions).
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Streptococcal impetigo is the most common form of pustular skin lesions. May cause epidemic outbreaks in children's facilities. The specificity of the impetigo is the rapid appearance of small bubbles with a thin chest. Occurs mainly on the face and hands. The flictions can quickly merge with the formation of more common foci of inflammation.
Ectima is a deeper form of streptodermia. Places of localization of eczema are lower limbs, buttocks and transverse. The lesions can be both single and multiple. At the beginning of the disease, an inflammatory infiltrate with a bladder( 0.5-1 cm in diameter) is formed, it quickly dissolves and turns into a dark brown color that lasts for weeks. If you remove this scar, you can see a peptic surface with purulent content.
Chronic diffuse streptodermia is a chronic streptococcal infection of the shin skin. First, swelling and redness of the area of the skin begins, and then there are flickens that merge into large hearths. On the surface, crust of irregular shapes grows, the affected areas have a diameter of 5-10 sm. If timely not to start to treat this type of streptoderma, then the inflammation will spread to the entire surface of the shin. It mainly occurs in people who suffer from varicose veins, and occasionally there is no wound around for a long time.
Streptococcal lobe splint( zaeda) - one of the varieties of streptococcal impetigo, usually of chronic form and more common in children and the elderly. Bubbles in the corners of the lips burst, erosions and deep cracks are formed. When diagnosing children with a disease whose symptoms are similar to manifestations of streptodermia, it is necessary to exclude candidiasis.
Rosacea is an infectious skin disease. It can occur both in acute and chronic form. It is caused by hemolytic streptococcus and is characterized by serous or serous-hemorrhagic inflammation of the skin. It is accompanied by temperature and general intoxication of the body.
Tournial - has a horseshoe shape. It often develops against the background of streptococcal impetigo, when the pathogens of streptodermia penetrate into the damaged skin around the nail plates during the combing of infected areas. Around the nail plate, the skin becomes inflamed, swollen, becomes painful, flicks appear and erosion. In some cases, this leads to a complete rejection of the nail plate. Requires urgent and properly selected treatment by a specialist.
2 The main symptoms of streptodermia
If streptodermia is diagnosed, symptoms are usually observed immediately. All types of streptoderma have similar symptoms. This disease is characterized by a sudden beginning. On the inflamed and reddened area of the skin, a small bubble with a fluid appears inside. It is rapidly increasing in size, then bursting and instantly dries to the formation of crust. All this is accompanied by a terrible itch. When combing, there is infection of healthy areas of the skin, and new bubbles appear. This contributes to the formation of larger focal points of inflammation. Streptodermia in children has the same picture, but it can be accompanied by temperature and an increase in lymph nodes. In children, the symptoms are slightly different from the signs of disease in adults, as it affects the underdevelopment of immunity in children.
Streptodermia refers to acute infectious diseases of the skin, it is capable of rapid spreading. If on any part of the skin there is an appearance of an incomprehensible bubble accompanied by an itch, it is necessary to contact a dermatologist as soon as possible. With the wrong and untimely treatment of all types of streptoderma, it can go into a more serious form - microbial eczema.
Causes of infection by various types of streptodermia:
- neglect of the rules of personal hygiene;
- physical exhaustion and stress;
- reduced immunity;
- vitamin deficiency;
- is a variety of injuries and skin lesions.
Not everyone knows how adult streptoderma is transmitted. Infection is very simple. Suffice it to be in contact with the patient, to take advantage of toiletries of the patient, etc. Lower immunity and damage to the skin increases the risk of infection. Streptodermia in children can be transmitted through common toys, dishes, clothing. Dust may also contain streptococci. In the summer, insects can be a source of infection, because on their quotes they can tolerate the pathogens of the disease. In winter, seasonal morbidity may occur, since scarlet fever and sore throat have a common pathogen with streptodermia.
Prevention of all types of piodermia is to adhere to the rules of personal hygiene, healthy lifestyle, and proper nutrition. Healthy skin is a barrier to penetration of foreign bacteria. If a child is ill, attends any kindergarten and educational institutions, it is necessary to establish a quarantine for 10 days, as the incubation period of streptodermia( from infection to the appearance of blister fluid) lasts at least a week. Every day, carry out a damp cleaning in a room where there is a patient. Do not forget to ventilate and quart a room, and changeable clothes and bed linen should be boiled. Soft toys should be removed, and plastic permanently decontaminate. You can not kiss a sick child. It is strictly forbidden for a patient to attend a nursery, kindergarten and school. Hands after each touch to the patient should be washed, and nails grease with iodine tincture.
Streptodermia is easier to prevent than to treat. When even a small pimple appears, it is necessary to smear it with iodine tincture. After all, treatment with this disease has a long and not able to ease the elementary itching, which constantly persecutes the patient.
3 Treatment Methods
Treatment for streptodermia is always outpatient, with limited access to public places. Do not forget that it is an infectious disease. What to treat streptodermy - depends on the form of the disease and the state of the patient. At single foci and in satisfactory condition apply local therapy. At large foci lesions and poor health of the patient are additionally prescribed anti-allergic and general-purpose drugs and vitamins. From folk medicine you can use infusion of chamomile to clean healthy skin. In streptoderma in children, treatment should be conducted under the supervision of a pediatrician.
At the time of treatment of streptodermia, contact with water should be eliminated. The clothes should be made of natural fabrics. Affected areas should periodically rest from clothing and not overheat.
Bubbles necessarily need to be opened with a sterile needle and 2 times a day to lubricate with alcohol solutions of dyes of aniline series. These include diamond green and methylene blue. Fukorcine is also used. On the treated area impose an aseptic band with disinfectant ointments( mainly used Levomikol).Skorinki easy to remove, lubricating them with salicylic ointment for several hours. When localizing foci on the face they need to be treated with 1-2% solution of silver nitrate. With slow-acting and not exposed to local streptoderma drugs, antibiotics of a wide range of effects are prescribed. Such as Amoxiclav, Azithromycin, and the like.
In addition to the prescribed medication, you can use lotions from alum. This is a knitting, healing and disinfecting agent. To prepare it, 1/4 spoons of alum powder should be dissolved in a small amount of water. Soak the bandage and apply to the affected area of the skin.
In ancient times, streptodermia used fresh oak leaves. They have wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties. The leaves need to be crushed and put in the morning, then close it with a bandage. This procedure is repeated every 2 hours.
4 Possible complications of
Streptodermia in children, as well as adult streptoderma, sometimes complicates. Scarring is possible if the skin lesion was very deep. The disease can go into more serious forms, such as scarlet fever, psoriasis, and septicemia. The most dangerous is septicemia, it is a bacterial infection of the blood. In this disease, there is a decrease in blood pressure, nausea, respiratory failure and increased body temperature. Such a condition is dangerous not only to the child's life, but also to the adult. In case of such symptoms, an ambulance should be called immediately.
Streptodermia in adults, as well as streptoderma in children, gives such complications as post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. With this disease there is a swelling of the body, legs, face. In the urine you can see an admixture of blood. Blood pressure is greatly increased, unlike septicemia.
Fortunately, these complications occur very rarely.
In the light of all the above, it would be desirable to conclude that the risk of the disease in an adult is not much lower than that of the child. It is much easier to treat streptodermia in adults than in children. The disease causes a lot of unpleasant sensations and skin problems. For example, itching. If an adult can hold him somehow, then the child is not. The small patient starts to combine everything, thus giving the infection to spread to healthy areas of the skin. You must not allow the child to comb around damaged areas. Streptodermia in adults is about 40% of the number of all patients with this disease.
The quality of treatment depends on timely access to the doctor and the implementation of all preventive measures. Streptodermia in adults can cause a lot of skin problems. This is the appearance and the risk of scarring as a result of the infection. One can not neglect personal hygiene. It is better to wash your hands once again than to spend a few weeks to treat infection. Sometimes we often ignore wet cleaning in the apartment, because the dust also poses a threat to health, it may include streptococcus. In conclusion, I would like to add that a healthy lifestyle and a healthy diet can save us from a lot of diseases.