Paronychia is chronic - causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention
- 21 Jul 07:30
- Disease Of The Skin
Paronychia is a disease in which the envelope roller is damaged. The disease can be either on one finger or spread over a few. The nail and the affected site become quite painful. With paronychia symptoms of chronic illness,occasionally arises and disappear, and treatment can produce positive results, but only for a certain period.
- 1 Causes of the disease
- 2 Symptoms of the disease
- 3 Diagnosis
- 4 Treatment of
- 4.1 Treatment by folk methods
- 5 Prevention of
- 6 Photo
The reasons for developing chronic paronychia may be different. The disease may be due to frequent injuries around the nail plate or the nail itself. However, the main reason for the appearance of paronychia is the permanent effect on these places of irritating substances. Including, in the risk area, people whose hands are constantly in the water. Thus, the disease is often observed in bakeries, dishwashers, and some medical staff.
Paronychia can develop as a complication after suffering skin diseases, including psoriasis, eczema, itchy dermatosis, and others.
In addition, paronychia may occur in the presence of some endocrine diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, or after infections such as syphilis, HIV infection, etc. Most commonly, the disease occurs in women.
Among other reasons for developing paronychics, wearing narrow or smaller footwear can be noted. Also, the development of chronic infection can occur due to the ingrown nail. Develop chronic paronychia may be due to systematic non-compliance with hygiene, the habit of nibbling nails( isohophagia) or improper removal of blobs. Sometimes infection occurs during the procedure of manicure, when the tools are poorly sterilized or not sterilized at all.
Symptoms of the disease
The onset of the disease can be traced to the appearance of edema and redness around the nail plate.
There are pain sensations in the lesions. After a short period of time, manure may form here. If you click on this place, then its drops appear. In some cases, the color of the nail plate in the disease may change. Changing the color of the nail, as well as the appearance of black or brown spots on it, may indicate the presence of a disease like melanoconiosis longitudinal. A change in the color of the nail is associated with paronychia so that the manure can spontaneously spill under the nail. As a result, there may be a disease like an underlying paranorrhea.
Sometimes, with paronychia, symptoms such as small bubbles on the periosteum can occur, which can eventually develop into ulcers.
In addition, the disease may cause longitudinal splitting of the nail plate. In general, the symptoms of paronychia are stairs with fungal diseases. However, it is necessary to distinguish between these diseases in order to be able to determine the correct treatment that should bring the desired effect.
A damaged nail can, after a while, go down. In its place, a new one will grow later, but usually it is already deformed. Chronic disease captures the pathological process of nail plates. The cuticles gradually disappear, and the rollers become swollen and painful. Lack of cuticle accelerates the process of infection, as it leaves space for infection between the plate and the roller.
Diagnosis of the disease is performed by the surgeon. Special research is usually not required and is sufficiently visual inspection. The only thing that is important to do is to differentiate paronychia from fungal disease. In order to exclude the latter, it is necessary to conduct a biopsy. As with other diseases, among laboratory studies, the doctor may prescribe a general blood test and analysis of the Wasserman reaction. Gram staining may also be prescribed or taken to determine the sensitivity to the pathogen.
For chronic diseases, one of the main conditions of therapy is to keep your fingers dry. For this purpose rubber gloves are used. Therapy for chronic disease is chosen depending on the etiology of the disease. If the pathogen is bacteria, then you will need antibiotics. Otherwise, an antiviral agent is prescribed for the treatment of the disease. Surgical treatment is used only with abscess and is a cut and drainage. If there is an ingrown nail or subnjection abscess, then full or partial removal of the nail will be required, but in case of onychomycosis, they do not.
Untimely treatment of paronychia can lead to the spread of the disease to neighboring fingers. Effective in the disease to alleviate the symptoms of lotions and baths, as well as experts recommend alcohol compresses. In order to get rid of the disease it is necessary to find out the reason for its appearance. Often paronychia is a secondary illness, against the background of another, for example, with psoriasis or dermatitis. In women, infection sometimes manifests itself against the background of the thrush. In such cases, nystatin is usually prescribed.
If the disease recedes, it is recommended that in the future avoid injuries to the rumen and new infections.
Before using such classes as manicure or pedicure, all instruments must be carefully sterilized. It is not recommended to wear tight shoes. In some cases, external use of disinfectant ointments and creams is required.
Treatment of folk methods
In folk medicine, there are ways to get rid of chronic paronychia and alleviate the symptoms of the disease. Thus, it is considered that the effective use of the healing properties of white cabbage leaves is effective. In order to apply it, you first need to scoop your finger in a solution of manganese.
In hot water, manganese is added in such a quantity that the color of the liquid comes out bright cherry. The solution dissolves and leaves of cabbage, from which pre-cut rough parts. Then the sheet is extracted and smeared on top with cream. The compress received by wrapping a finger, on which the symptoms of the disease are noted, from above it turns a piece of cellophane, a bandage and leave for half an hour. Such a lotion is recommended to do 2-3 times a day. Cabbage has an anti-inflammatory property, and it is also believed that it "extracts" manure. The use of traditional medicine is recommended only in combination with traditional treatment.
Prevention of paronychia primarily involves hygiene and caring for the general condition of the nails. In order to prevent the emergence and development of the disease, you must try to avoid severe damage to the nail plate.
During a manicure it is not necessary to completely cut off a cuticle, it should be carefully removed. The habit of gnawing nails, as well as biting bumps, can also lead to infection and the subsequent appearance of paronychia.
An important measure of disease prevention is the use of personal hygiene products. Even dishwashing and flooring are recommended by doctors in rubber gloves. Some experts for the best protection advise to put under them cotton wares.
With a properly appointed and timely initiated treatment of the disease and adhering to expert recommendations, the forecast is quite favorable. If you start the paronychia, then there may well be various complications that may even lead to amputation. In addition, from acute forms of the disease will become chronic, because of which will constantly show unpleasant symptoms. Following preventive measures, one can expect that the risk of chronic paronychia is minimal, however, it is not necessary to completely exclude the possibility of the disease. Therefore, with the first signs and painful feelings should consult with a specialist.