Diseases of rabbits and their manifestations: symptoms and treatment
- 17 Jul 23:30
- Classification of diseases affecting the body of rabbits
- Causes of animal disease
- How to determine a disease in a rabbit?
- Manifestation of ailments in home schoolchildren
- Treatment of respiratory viral processes in adults
- Treatment of infectious stomatitis and streptococcal infections
- Therapy of traumatic damages and diseases of the brain
When working on a home farm, the owner is required to know the disease of the rabbits and their symptoms and treatment for the successfulfarming and maintaining the number of individuals. If the rabbit carries a constant observation of the health of the pets, the animals increase viability and give birth to a complete offspring.
Classification of diseases affecting the body of rabbits
Many homeowners plant rabbits. The case is responsible, requiring financial and physical expenses. In order for the rabbits to grow healthy, it is necessary to protect them against infection with such diseases as:
- hemorrhagic inflammation;
Many diseases reduce the health of animals, therefore care should be taken to treat the symptoms of the disease. Diseases of rabbits and their treatment require identification of the causes of an illness. What factors indicate an animal's infectious agent? The master should alert the change in the behavior of the pet, the disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions, skin rash. Decorative rabbits often have such diseases as:
- Traumatic Damage;
- teeth defects;
- is crooked;
- purulent abscesses;
Rabbits affected by the disease change their behavior, and in this case it is urgent to contact the veterinarian for help.
Gastrointestinal disorders are accompanied by frequent diarrhea with the presence of unrefined food and mucus residues, flatulence, and loss of appetite. Rabbits change their behavior: the animal looks depressed and sedentary. Cataract is accompanied by a strong clouding of the lens, a change in the color of the central part of the eye, complete loss of vision. Especially dangerous for rabbits coccidiosis, complicated by diarrhea, yellowness of the mucous membranes, seizures.
Contents Causes of Animal Disease
Rabbits require constant care, compliance, retention, and maintenance. The treatment of a sick animal should take a long time, so much attention should be paid to preventing diseases. Defects in teeth arise due to improper feeding of the animal. Stable growth of the posterior teeth is provided only by constant chewing of food. The rabbit must recycle food throughout the day. Genetic defects, injuries, falls often contribute to the development of oral cavity diseases.
Conjunctivitis occurs as a result of the development of an allergic reaction when inhaled dry food, chemical impurities, smoke, due to infection with fungal and viral infection. Purulent abscesses arise as a consequence of the introduction of a bacterial pathogen entrapped in an open wound when the body of the rabbit is damaged. The emergence of non-animal in an animal is associated with the development of acute respiratory infection or allergy.
In the absence of maternal milk, rabbits suffer from gastric mucosal disease if they regularly eat rummy food. Cataract develops as a result of injury or exposure to toxic substances, malnutrition, caused by the lack of greenery in the animal's diet.
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How to determine a disease in a rabbit?
A healthy rabbit has a good appetite, shiny hair, clean nose, body temperature within 38.5-39.5 C. As a result of the development of purulent abscess, there are signs such as:
- cluster of manure;
- tumor, soft to the touch;
- increase body temperature in the place of ulceration.
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Disease Manifestation The symptoms of adult disease should be known to rabbits to provide timely and effective help to their pupils.
Having studied the manifestations of infectious stomatitis, the owner will save the life of the animal if you immediately contact a veterinarian.
In the first days of anorexia in a rabbit, redness and swelling of the mucous membrane of the mouth, abundant salivation appear. On the lateral surface of the tongue there are white films that form a dense plaque, and on the 4th day of the disease there are erosions and ulcers. The rabbit expresses characteristic sounds and refuses to eat food.as a result of mite infestation, there is a disease such as scabies in the pupils. Wounds arise on the skin;reddening in the bite zone;swellingbubbles filled with clear fluid. The animal ceases to receive food and dies quickly.
The brain's stroke due to an injury is characterized by a lack of coordination, strabismus and trembling of eyeballs. If the rabbit's brain is affected by the encephalitis, symptoms of epilepsy appear. After prolonged exposure to the sun in the rabbit, there is frequent respiration, inhibition, redness of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity and eyes. Often the animal dies during a convulsive attack.
Respiratory-Viral Processes in Adults
For the treatment of rabbits at the appointment of a veterinarian, they conduct a course of antibiotic therapy. When the first symptoms of the disease appear, it is necessary to infuse the animal with infusions of chamomile, St. John's Wort or Echinacea purpura to stimulate the immune system of a sick person. Another treatment of the disease is long-term administration of antibacterial agents, proper nutrition, prevention of the appearance of secondary abscesses.
It should be remembered that antibiotics can cause unwanted effects on rabbit health, so self-medication can not be done. As a result of infection with the viruses in the animal there are purulent discharge from the eyes, and the conjunctivitis therapy in this case is complex. Having noticed the first signs of the disease, washed the eyes with a solution of St. John's wort, chamomile, tea brew. Antibacterial or anti-inflammatory drops, eye ointments are used for treatment. For internal reception the doctor recommends infusion of herbs: arnica, chamomile, St. John's wort, calendula.
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Treatment of infectious stomatitis and streptococcal infections
Small rabbits often suffer from infectious stomatitis. In the event of an epidemic, the main emphasis should be placed on preventing the infection of healthy individuals. To destroy the pathogens of the disease, enter the rabbit's oral cavity of the streptocide powder for several days and lubricate the mucous membrane with antibacterial ointment. Experienced rabbits carry out treatment of damaged areas with disinfectant solutions of manganese, copper sulfate.
Acute respiratory-viral process is accompanied by the emergence of a classic symptom - the selection of viscous fluid from the nose or eye of an animal. In case of crying, it can be suspected that the animal develops inflammation of the inner ear. If the rabbit does not receive treatment, there is an inflammation of the lungs. Due to the development of the inflammatory process in the oral cavity, an abscess appears on the muzzle of the animal.
To raise the immunity use water infusions of herbs: chamomile, St. John's wort, tansy. An important role in the effectiveness of treatment is played by rational nutrition: the animals should receive soft, easily retarded feed. When infecting an animal's body with a streptococcus penetrating through the damaged skin, treatment begins with the appointment of antibiotics, destroying the pathogen. In the case of the development of the initial stage mastitis conduct local treatment of camphoric ointment and use punches penicillin to improve the condition of the diseased animal. Necessary to treat the mammary glands in the female after the infection and monitor their hygiene status.
Therapy of Traumatic Damage and Diseases of the Brain
Often such illness occurs when rabbits badly keep young, improperly exploit cells. Often in animals there are clogging and displacement of individual vertebrae, paralysis of hind limbs, open and closed fractures. When rendering assistance to an animal after an injury it is necessary to stop the bleeding, impose a bandage, take measures to prevent the emergence of traumatic shock.
At open fracture wound treatment is done with antiseptic solution and apply a protective bandage. Rabbit is prescribed therapeutic massage, enriching the diet with vitamins C and D, adding to the feed, mineral substances. When eye injuries associated with the appearance of scratches on the cornea, appoint anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics to fight the infection. After damage to the ridge in a rabbit, a specialist performs an operation on the insertion of fractures with subsequent fixation of the spine by metal plates.
Hernia of the brain in an animal is closely related to a violation of blood circulation in tissues and intermittent delivery of their liquor. The treatment consists in the administration of drugs that remove swelling, improve the nutrition of tissues, which eliminate manifestations of traumatic shock.
In case of very severe injury, it is inappropriate to carry out therapy, increasing the suffering of the animal. To relieve pain in the old individual in intervertebral discs, they are prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs that restore cartilage and bone tissue in a short time. Additionally, it is recommended to take vitamins, to use ointments, creams and special litters. The earlier the disease is detected in an animal, the faster and easier it is treated. The main task of the rabbit is to treat with a specialist at the first symptoms of the disease of rabbits.