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Disease Of The Skin

Dermatitis after contact with the metal - causes, symptoms, treatment, photo

Contact dermatitis is called the inflammatory reaction of the skin that occurs after the action of certain substances. The cause of manifestations of dermatitis may also be various metals.

Currently, cases of contact dermatitis on metals are becoming more widespread, although there is no accurate data on the number of

patients. The fact is that not all patients, having found similar problems, seek medical attention.

Contents

  • 1 Causes of Development of
  • 2 What metals can provoke allergic reactions?
  • 3 Clinical picture of
  • 4 Diagnostic methods
  • 5 Treatment of
    • 5.1 Treatment of folk remedies
  • 6 Forecast and prevention of
  • 7 Photo

Causes of development of

Dermatitis after contact with metal causes, symptoms, treatment, photos A contact dermatitis develops when collided with a certain allergen, in this case with a certain type of metal. Dermatitis develops due to increased sensitivity of the body to metals. The tendency to allergic reactions can be genetically motivated, as family cases are often observed.

In addition, allergy to contact with the metal can develop against the background of chronic diseases, hormonal or metabolic disorders, that is, at conditions that reduce the body's defenses.

What metals can provoke allergic reactions?

Dermatitis in contact with metals can turn out to be practically for everyone, even if there is no explicit contact with metal objects. The fact is that metals can be part of many of the subjects that have to face in everyday life - in everyday life or in the professional field.

Metal, which most often provokes allergic reactions, is nickel and alloys for its use. Nickel is used in the manufacture of costume jewelry, buckles, decorative fasteners, rivets, medical supplies, implants used in dentistry, batteries and other batteries. Of course, nickel is harmless to most people, and the widespread allergic reactions to this metal due to its widespread distribution.

Chromium. This metal is also used quite often. Chrome plated surfaces can often be seen on products made of other metals and made of plastic, chrome is a part of many colors.

Silver and Gold. These are precious metals, they are mainly used for the manufacture of jewelry and utensils. Allergy to precious metals occurs rarely, with silver slightly more than gold.

Aluminum is part of the dishes, in addition, this metal is often included in the composition of antiperspirants.

Cobalt is a metal that is part of the hair dye, as well as a component of decorative cosmetics.

Zinc is often used in dentistry. In addition, this metal is used to cover steel products, including cans.

Copper is used in the production of coins, wires, some decorative details of the interior. The plain is often included in various alloys.

Clinical picture

Contact dermatitis is the most common manifestation of allergic reaction to metals.

Symptoms of dermatitis are found in areas of skin that are directly in contact with the metal. For example, on the skin of the stomach when collided with a belt buckle, on the earlobes when wearing earrings, on the hands when wearing rings, watches, bracelets, etc. In case of damage to the skin in the area of ​​the armpit can be noted when using antiperspirants, which include aluminum well, or it can be a consequence of allergic dermatitis in cosmetics.

The main manifestations of contact dermatitis in contact with metal:

  • Redness and weakly expressed inflammatory reaction of the skin at the point of contact with the metal causing allergies. This reaction is developing because of the action of the mediators of inflammation on the vascular walls at the site of the defeat. As a result, vasodilatation develops, causing reddening of the skin, and increases the degree of permeability of the vascular walls, which provokes the formation of edema.
  • Possible formation on the background of reddish skin of small dense nodules or small bubbles filled with clear liquid. The vials have thin tires, they can be easily damaged.
  • Itching is a virtually invariable symptom of practically all dermatitis and many other skin diseases( eg psoriasis, itching dermatosis, mycosis, etc.), including after a collision with metal. The patient should be restrained and not allow the combing of the skin, otherwise it can join a secondary infection.
  • At the site of the open bubbles on the skin, wet areas and shallow erosions are formed on the skin. At this stage of development of dermatitis, the risk of infection is greatly increased.
  • With the permanent contact of the metal with the skin of the patient, the development of dry dermatitis is provoked. In this case there is redness of the skin, strong peeling, severe itching.
  • Diagnostic Methods

    Diagnosis of dermatitis is performed by an allergist using special application tests. Such an examination allows you to accurately detect an allergen that causes a specific skin reaction.

    The fact is that patients often do not associate the development of dermatitis using metal objects. Especially if there is no direct contact with the metal. This can happen when using paints, cosmetics, which include metal particles. Therefore, without passing the tests for allergy, it is extremely difficult to diagnose.

    Treatment of

    The success of treatment depends on the ability to eliminate completely contact with the metal, which causes the development of dermatitis.

    Dermatitis after contact with metal causes, symptoms, treatment, photos If it is not possible to completely exclude contact with the metal causing an allergic reaction, then it will be necessary to at least minimize its effect. For example, use rubber or latex gloves when working with metal tools. Just be careful not to accidentally detect latex allergies.

    In the case of severe skin reaction caused by contact with the metal, external use of preparations containing glucocorticosteroids is prescribed. These agents have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, but they are recommended for short periods.

    The use of antihistamines is necessary for the removal of itching. The drugs of the last generation practically do not cause drowsiness and other side effects.

    In any form of allergic dermatitis( allergic dermatitis on shoes, latex allergy, cosmetic allergy, atopic dermatitis as a consequence of an allergic reaction, etc.) it is advisable to switch to a hypoallergenic diet, which reduces the sensitivity of the body to the main allergen, that is, to the metal.

    If there is erosion or ulcers in contact with metal, insect bites should be treated with antiseptic solutions to avoid secondary infection. When signs of bacterial infection are prescribed antibiotic ointments.

    Treatment of folk remedies

    It is recommended to use coal milk to reduce the sensitivity of the body. For its preparation it is necessary to take 5 g activated charcoal( 10 tablets) and grind it into powder. Pour coal in 100 ml of milk, boil it and let it cool down. Take 100 ml of coal milk three times a day for a month.

    For the removal of skin manifestations of dermatitis after contact with the metal, you can use soothing potato compresses. Need to grate the potatoes, add 50 grams of potato mass half a spoon of honey( liquid).Use the medicine for compression on the places of rashes with dermatitis.

    Forecast and prevention of

    The prognosis of dermatitis caused by contact with metals, as well as the prevention of relapses, is determined by the ability to exclude or limit contact with the allergen.

    Photo

    Dermatitis after contact with metal causes, symptoms, treatment, photos Dermatitis after contact with metal causes, symptoms, treatment, photos Dermatitis after contact with metal causes, symptoms, treatment, photos