Hortensia large-leafed: care at home
- 17 Jul 01:00
The home of this beautiful plant is China and Japan. It is used equally successfully in our country in decorative and indoor horticulture. About the description of this flower, the requirements for soil cultivation, the process of flowering, irrigation and dressing, the creation of a shelter for him from the, the arrival of winter will learn today.
Table of Contents
- 1 Plant Description
- 2 Soil and Blossoms
- 3 Video "Hydrangea Growing in Pots"
- 4 Irrigation and Feeding
- 5 How to Cover the Plant in the Winter
- 6 Video "All About Hydroenia Room"
Such a beautiful decorative shrub grows insubtropics - it grows up to a height of 4 meters, in the north it is about 2. The description of culture is - hydrangea large-leafed has shoots, located directly, and its leaves in shape resemble an egg. They are painted in spring and summer in a rich and pleasant green eyes.
Description of flowers - large-leaf hydrangea has large flowers in diameter no more than 3-5 cm. They are pink, purple, blue and occasionally come in classic white. Changing the color of the flowers grown in the pot in the home, is real if you change the acidity of the substrate for planting. To get the inflorescences of blue and blue, you need to enrich the earth with iron salts and sponge it is made by rules once in a couple of weeks.
The gardenly large-flowered hydrangea surprises with inflorescences given to it by nature in the form of a ball, the size of not more than 25 cm. In July-August, it takes time to blossom this unusual plant. Well developed and feels like a hydrangea garden, as it is contained in the home, if a little her forge. It gives heat and withstands frost to -18 degrees.
Officially enrolled in cultivated plants in 1790.Quickly goes into growth, demanding quality and soil moisture. May grow on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, and will fit for planting in the climatic zone of the far south of Russia. Blooming large-leaf hydrangea, described above, from August to November. There are up to 20 inflorescences in the bush. At home, these plants are more compact than their garden relatives, and in some varieties the intensity of coloration is higher.
Soil and flowering
The hydrangea of large sizes in its own area of land and in the home prefer low or medium alkaline soils - with a pH of 5.5.The pot should contain a special substrate of such components - leaf and turf ground, sand, humus and peat, taken in the same proportions. The presence of lime in the soil is unacceptable. In the ground with a light-footed reaction it is possible to grow pink flowers, on acid soils - blue and blue.
Due to the active development of hydrangea, the garden and growing in a pot requires an annual transplant. The pot should be taken more than one and a half times the previous one. Such crops in the home normally grow in containers with a height exceeding the width. In the open ground, landing is carried out in the spring. Do not put the plant under the trees, because it may not reach the moisture. The shade should be moderate, because if you plant a culture in a very dark place, the flowering will be less lush, and inflorescence - small.
In spring, the plant is planted on the site after complete warming of the ground, and when there is no frost. Description of the process - a small well measuring 35 by 35 by 35 cm is made, it is filled with earthen mixture. Remember about drainage. When planting in the spring bring mineral and organic fertilizers. Soil mulch with peat, sawdust, pine needles. In the summer it is loosened several times. To maintain moisture during further care using hydrogel.
The peculiarity of large-flowered hydrangea is unusual after the flowering of spring - both at home and in the area. Inflorescences are able to change the coloration 2 - 3 times throughout the period. The easiest way to change the color of the inflorescences is to dip near the shrub of rusty nails. If the acidity of the soil under such care change only on one side, it is really possible to obtain a copy with inflorescences of two colors. It is impossible to change the color of plants with white flowers artificially, and varieties with red inflorescences may completely lose their original color.
Often beginners florists and gardeners are planting a crop to get lush blossoms. This culture almost does not need circumcision. It is possible to carry out the circumcision procedure with the aim of shortening shoots for sanitary purposes. Flower shoots grow from the grooves of last year. It is necessary to save the stems entirely, and not to cut, so that the flower buds were not able to freeze or crush.
Shrubs formed completely, if not pruning and correct care in the spring and other periods, form a sufficient number of flowering increments. For old plants cuttings are made for the purpose of rejuvenation. Conduct the cutting of parts of the branches to grow shoots of substitution. Circumcision of inflorescences is permissible to be done in the autumn - then they will not become a source of diseases under the winter shelter, or spend in the spring - before this bush should be treated with a Bordeaux mixture. In the spring they are allowed to be removed, but without damaging the escape.
Video "Hydrangea Growing in Pots"
Watering and Feeding
With the comprehensive care of this beautiful flower after planting at home and in the area, it is important to make watering with soft, better rainwater. Taken from the crane, she must warm up and spit. To soften the tap water and to avoid the disease with chlorosis, it is advised to periodically add vinegar, lemon juice, drop of electrolyte to it. In the soil, make iron salts, iron chelate, iron sulfate. The plant likes moisture, when caring for it every bush for a week should receive more than 2 buckets of water. If a mulch is used and rain often goes away, a culture grown out of the home environment can be watered once a month.
We have already given a description of the addition of toppings to obtain the desired color inflorescence. Let's add that for a blue color, the beauty in floral shops sells a special sticky substance.
You can not fertilize such an ash plant. It is necessary to make organic fertilizer - a solution of cow's fits. In addition to salts of iron and alum apply mineral fertilizers, intended for rhododendrons, heather and azaleas, or acids - ammonium sulfate, potassium. Make feed in the spring, in June - when laying buds, in the summer - during the flowering of plants. In the first year of care provides for watering a solution of manganese - so that the shoots do not overcome rot. You can take another fungicide - for example, phytosporin.
How to hide a plant in winter
Care for such a culture involves creating for it since autumn the winter shelter. The flower will better carry the frosty days, if in the autumn you are well watered it, sprayed with a Bordeaux mixture - so that the branches did not appear fungus and they did not fade. The bushes cover in the second half of October, when there are night frosts. Do this to a height of 30 cm.
A bush can be covered from above agrospan or perforated polyethylene film, rolled up in several layers. This shelter is actual, until it has come to severe frosts. The branches need to be put to the ground, dry leaves or laplings from above. Doing this is recommended in late October - early November. Close such a building box or box. The siege of these flowers is almost the same as being constructed for ordinary roses. With such care your plants will survive the winter, and then will please you with its beauty.
Video "All About Hydrangea Room"
If you want to grow a beautiful indoor plant on your window sill, then take care of all the nuances in advance. As you can not miss any detail, learn from the video below.