Migraine triggers

Human migraine appears due to the effects on the nervous system of biochemical disorders in the body. Any migraine triggers( substances or factors that provoke its appearance) are incapable of causing a headache attack on a person who is not prone to its occurrence. She is subjected to the very people who have

some biochemical changes in the body. This is due to the fact that they are sensitive to various factors that others do not provoke pain.

It should be understood that identical triggers from two different people can provoke migraine from one person and do not affect the other at all. Moreover, the same factor faced by one and the same person may, in some circumstances, lead to an attack, while in others it is not. For example, if people who are sensitive to alcohol have a good mood, they are emotionally calm and relaxed, as well as diets with low carbohydrate content, even drinking a glass of wine their well-being does not deteriorate. If they do not restrict themselves to being sweet, then the same glass of wine causes them a very strong migraine attack.

Identifying triggers that can cause headaches in you, as well as determining the circumstances that enhance their effect, is one of the main stages in the prevention of migraines.

It is very useful for you to define your own list of triggers, which provoke the appearance of a headache. To do this, you need to start a diary of headache, where you can subsequently record the circumstances of its appearance. Let's look at the list of frequently encountered migraine triggers.


Causing migraine attacks can be any food, beverage or even individual products or medications. The main provocateurs of headache are nicotine, caffeine and its products containing, alcoholic beverages, liqueurs with high alcohol content, red wine), products made from milk, including cheeses, sweets and sugar substitutes.

Menstrual Cycle

Many fair sexes complain that migraines often occur not only during menstruation, but also in the course of several days before or after it. In some women, headache often occurs during pregnancy, during the first few weeks after delivery or when menopause occurs. Therefore, knowing under what circumstances migraine may appear, it is necessary to try to avoid its triggers.

Sleep Problems

People who ignore the recommendations for a good sleep can often have headaches. Moreover, in the first place it is necessary to review the mode of their sleep for those who have a low or insignificant migraine on the background. After all, in the first case, and in the second case, a severe headache may appear.


For a long time the regularity of the weather effect on the biochemical processes occurring in the human body has been revealed. Some people often have a headache on cloudy days, with high humidity, some in the heat and at low humidity, and some have a higher sensitivity to weather changes and atmospheric pressure fluctuations.


These holidays are a dangerous factor that provokes the appearance of migraines. Overeating, excessive alcohol consumption, lack of sleep and emotional overload often cause headache attacks. When taking part in a festive event, moderate the head of the corner. Do not drink a lot of alcohol, especially red wine. Alcohol displaces moisture from the body, as a result, it can lead to dehydration and headache( see "What to do if your head feels after alcohol").To avoid this, we recommend drinking about 500 ml of water every hour. Try not to use sweet or salty food, preferring it to products containing fructose( honey, grapes, etc.).Plus, try not to walk until late at night and try to go to bed at your usual time.

Finding in the highlands

Migraine triggers As the rise in the highlands may not be enough oxygen, there is a high probability of a migraine attack. When the body feels the lack of oxygen, it expands the blood vessels of the brain, resulting in pulsating headache. People who climb to a height of more than 3 kilometers, often suffer from mountain sickness, the symptoms of which are manifested in the form of headaches, nausea and vomiting, decreased appetite, insomnia, shortness of breath and weakness. In this case, you need to lower the height of 500-1000 meters. If it does not help, you can take medications, for example, Diacarb).Some physicians also recommend using ascorbic acid, since vitamin C is able to improve blood circulation.

Travel tour

Changing time zones, irregular food, road disturbances, pressure variations during a flight, long seating are not all factors that cause migraine, which affects a person's state of health on a trip. What can I do to not suffer from headache? Try to plan time so that you can make it all the haste, do not forget to drink water, exclude alcoholic beverages containing lots of salt products( eg salty nuts, chips), take an hour to take a short stroll on the plane.


A very bright light can provoke attacks in about 30 percent of people suffering from migraines. Bright sunshine or lighting in the room for some people are migraine triggers. To prevent these factors, when going outdoors in sunny weather, wear a headgear and sunglasses.

Temperature, humidity, pressure

Another factor that provokes a migraine is the increased or decreased humidity or air temperature, as well as atmospheric pressure. For example, when a plane is taken off, atmospheric pressure decreases, which can cause an attack of a headache. In addition, the trigger of migraines is the cold weather.


By bus or car, sea cruise also often provokes a headache attack. This is especially true for children who are prone to losing weight - they may have migraines.


Stress situation causes the development of adrenaline in the body that promotes the development of migraines. For this reason, headache attacks appear in stress, depression, irritation, etc. To cope with migraine, try to learn how to control emotions.

Migraine triggers