Arachnoidal cyst of the brain: features of treatment, causes and symptoms
- 15 Jul 12:45
Arachnoidal cyst is a blister-like, benign form, which is completely filled with cerebrospinal fluid bubbles inside. This disease is located just between the shells of the brain, which means that it will always be directly between theand the arachnoidal envelope and brain tissues.
The arachnoidal cyst of the brain in most cases is characterized by small size and does not manifest itself. In addition, in most cases, it does not even increase and does not prevent a person from engaging in normal liveliness.
A is detected by accident, in the course of MRI of the brain. But, if suddenly it is huge and constantly growing, which happens rarely, then it exerts pressure on the soft tissues of the brain, causing a variety of unpleasant symptoms.
- Causes and Symptoms of the
- Treatment of
- Specifics of the course of the disease
Prognosis Causes and Symptoms of the
Disorder Today, leading experts define two varieties of arachnoid cysts that differ only from the cause of their occurrence. Yes, there is a reason according to which there is an innate cyst that appears in children even in the prenatal period. Also, this type of disease is called primary.
And the second kind is secondary. In this case, a tumor appears in a person who has suffered certain diseases, such as:
- Marfan Syndrome;
- Brain-Related Transactions;
- Agenesis of corpus callosum and other species.
If the arachnoidal cyst is manifested as a result of any disease, then its walls consist only of scar tissue, while the congenital cyst consists of the tissue of the arachnoidal membrane.
As mentioned above, arachnoidal cyst is detected by qualified medical staff by accident, during surveys that are not related to the cyst. But in rare cases, the tumor itself makes itself felt if it provokes the manifestation of dangerous and unpleasant symptoms for a person.
Since cysts are found mainly in the middle cranial fossa, it causes vomiting, nausea and dizziness. In some, more severe cases, it provokes ataxia and hemiparesis, up to the formation of a serious mental disorder in the form of a trial and hallucinations.
In addition, if it is formed near the brain's own brain, it can cause intervertebral hernia, which in turn causes a disruption in the functioning and work of most human organs.
Today, one of the most popular ways of detecting a disease is the detailed conduct of magnetic resonance imaging.
The result of the tomography will be shots, in which even the slightest changes will be clearly visible, as the tumor will be darker for many tones than the shell and brain tissue.
However, after the discovery of a disease, the physician must not only eradicate the disease, but also accurately identify the causes that caused it. The whole point is that only properly set causes of the illness can guarantee correct and successful treatment.
So, what diseases can be found in the study?
- Infectious non-standard diseases;
- Deterioration of blood circulation;
- Autoimmune diseases.
At the first, initial stage of the disease study, a detailed doppler examination of all head and neck vessels is performed, and if blood supply is severely impaired in this area, then there is a likelihood of the death of the brain cells, with the subsequent formation of foci of dead tissue. It is clear that it is in the cells of the dead tissue and cysts are formed. In addition to dopplerography for the same purpose, the examination of the cardiovascular system is carried out.
After this comes the period of a rather primitive and simple study of blood, that is, studying the blood on the ability to collapse and the level of cholesterol. It happens that the very narrow narrowing of the vessels can lead to the development of cysts.
In addition to the narrowing of the vessels, there are also leaps and arterial pressure. And in order to give a correct assessment of the danger of this disease, a daily observation is carried out in combination with uninterrupted pressure measurements. Also, to detect arachnoid cyst, various tests are carried out.
After carrying out all the necessary diagnostics, health workers evaluate all the indicators, note all possible causes of the manifestation of arachnoidal cyst and begin to direct its elimination.
When treating cysts with folk remedies it is usually not practiced, since treatment is either due to the causes of its occurrence or surgical intervention, it all depends on the duration and severity of the cyst.
For example, if the arachnoidal cyst of the brain grows or breaks down, surgical intervention is required, because the torn or growing cyst exerts pressure on the parts of the brain, which can lead to such neurological problems as epilepsy.
What types of surgical removal interventions exist:
- Endoscopic surgery;
- Operation of the microsurgical type.
The most safe, and therefore the most common procedure for the removal of cysts is bypass grafting. In the process of operation, the shunt in combination with the low pressure valve is placed near the very point of its formation, and all the liquor from the foci displays with the help of a special canal. Shunting is popular also because the structure of the cyst is made so that only through the shunt they are removed most effectively.
In most cases, the educational boundary is lined with cells that produce spinal fluid, so that the only one-time cyst removal is not enough, while removal of the entire cyst in most cases is a traumatic process.
There is a drawback in its shunt that the bleeding channel can be clogged, and any, even the smallest clogging, leads to a severe deterioration in the general condition of the patient.
Regardless of the method, the doctor either removes the fluid from the cavity, or breaks the tissue that forms the walls of education. All operations are carried out by various tools and they are called also in different ways, depending on which part of the body will be located cyst. But the essence of the process will remain unchanged.
What causes will be enough to carry out a cystic bone surgery?
- A rupture of a bone or any hemorrhage in the area of the cyst;
- Significant increase in symptoms of neurology.
Features of the course of the disease
In most cases, the presence of a human disease such as congenital arachnoidal cyst does not cause any negative feelings, except for anxiety. Of course, except for cases when the walls of the cyst constantly produce liquor, which, in turn, accumulates and over time increases the pressure on the brain. In such cases, the growth process of the cyst is continuous, and the general condition of the patient's health deteriorates.
In general, the picture looks like this: small cramps and dizziness begin, which gradually develop into severe phlegm and seizures. Later, if you do not cure cyst, the attacks will occur more and more often.
If it is a secondary arachnoidal cyst, then its neglect will in any case lead to deterioration of symptoms. In addition, new hearths may also be formed, and their gradual growth will provoke bleeding and hemorrhages.
In this case, a specific prognosis can be obtained after appropriate observations, that is through the regular conduct of MRI, the monitoring of all possible manifestations of the disease and other procedures that will help the expert to make appropriate conclusions about possible complications. Only through a whole set of examinations many patients undergo surgical intervention.
When it comes to the prevention of primary cyst, that is, cysts that appear in the fetus, the most effective prevention will be to preserve the health of the mother bearing fruit and to avoid fetal hypoxia. Primary cysts are the most dangerous, as it is practically impossible to influence the effect.
Well, and when it comes to varieties of secondary cyst, it is subject to prevention, and in order to prevent the disease, it is necessary to systematically perform the following procedures:
- Keep track of your blood pressure;
- Constantly keep your cholesterol in the body at about the same level;
- To undergo treatment, diagnosis and examination in time, especially in the case of autoimmune or infectious diseases;
- Monitor your well-being, especially after a concussion, transmitted diseases, and after brain surgery.
In fact, prodiagnosed and detected cyst in a timely manner will not necessarily require a specialist withdrawal from its carrier, and the need for a procedure will usually be prescribed by a qualified specialist, while the neurological symptoms of the disease will require special attention.
If you detect a cyst and successfully removed at a small size, the forecast will be favorable. An entirely different case, if the cyst develops heavily, may lead to undesirable complications, which worsen prediction many times.
In this case, the outcome and subsequent life of the patient will depend entirely on the treatment. In some cases, even surgical intervention can cause a lot of undesirable effects, such as:
- Sharp and frequent increase in pressure;
- Sharp headaches;
- Feeling suffocation;
- Feeling the heat;
- Transport intolerance.
If the cyst is not detected on time, especially in children, it can lead to a lag in the development of children and to some mental pathologies for adults.
There is also a certain risk of developing asthenic developing neurotic syndrome, which is characterized by a marked deterioration of immunity and very fatigue.
Focal syndromes, which are manifested by a violation of the integrity of the arachnoidal cyst or due to pressure of the cysts on the brain, usually lead to deterioration of vision, speech, hearing, coordination of movements. In addition, cysts can lead, as mentioned above, to epileptic seizures.
Cyst, especially the congenital type, does not affect the general health in only one of five cases, when it is really just a tumor. However, regardless of the nature and type of cyst, when it is detected, it is necessary to undergo appropriate treatment.