Leaf blisters - causes, symptoms, treatment
- 14 Jul 21:45
- Disease Of The Skin
Skin disorders are common enough and have different manifestations. To the dermatological problems is also a disease such as leafy puffiness. The causes of this disease are unclear until the end, however, most physicians associate its appearance with a violation of theimmune system. And since problems with immunity are more common, knowledge of the symptoms of leafy puffiness will be useful to everyone.
Why did the disease get that name? There are several forms of vagina, which manifest themselves in different ways. When ill with leaf-shaped bubbles on the skin, characteristic multilayer crusts are formed that look like stacks of sheet material.
- 1 Causes of
- 2 Symptoms of the Leaf Blisters
- 3 General Condition of Patients
- 4 How is the diagnosis done?
- 5 Treatment of
- 5.1 Possible complications of
- 5.2 Additional measures
- 5.3 Folk remedies for
- 6 Forecast and prevention of recurrence
- 7 Photo
This dermatological disorder has an autoimmune character, that is, due to a malfunction in the immune system, the body begins to form antibodies to the cells of its own epidermis.
To date, there is no reliable information on why the changes in the immune system occur, leading to the appearance of a blister. It is possible that violations of immunity occur under the influence of exogenous factors in the presence of genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of leafy puffiness
The onset of the disease is characterized by the appearance of reddened areas of the skin with the appearance of flat bubbles with flaccid walls. Often in the first stage of the disease, the manifestations are similar to seborrheic dermatitis, dermatitis Dühringa, erythematous changes in the skin, previous eczema.
In some cases, the symptoms are less pronounced, bubbles on the skin are not formed, and the affected areas look uneven, due to the splitting of the epidermis.
Bubbles have thin walls, so they quickly burst. In their place erosions of a bright red color appear with softening secretions, which, when drying up, forms numerous crust. The newly formed detachable leads to the formation of new pegs, so the affected area of the skin is coated with multilayered elements, the appearance of which has a layered structure.
A characteristic feature of the leafy puffiness is a sharply positive symptom of Nicholas, which manifests itself as a detachment of the epidermis in large areas when attempting to draw on the edges of a ruptured bubble.
As a result of the weakening of the relationship between the horny and granular layers of the epidermis( and this weakening is noted on the outside of the undamaged parts of the body), even the slightest superficial skin damage leads to the appearance of bubbles.
Erosion at leafy bubble wounds very slowly. Another characteristic symptom of the disease is the formation of new bubbles under dried-up crust. And this process can continue for a long time. Areas of erosion have a tendency to drain, resulting in the appearance of large affected areas on the skin.
General Condition of Patients
The general well-being of patients in the initial stage may be satisfactory, but as the lesions of the lesion grow, it is rapidly deteriorating.
Movements begin to cause pain, which leads to problems with the psyche. A person is constantly in a depressed state, sleeping poorly. In some cases, fever, loss of appetite.
If the defeat captures both the scalp and the hair, then hair loss begins. They change their appearance and nails, they become thick and dull. In this form, the vials of the lesion of the mucous membrane, and in particular of the oral mucosa, are extremely rare.
How is the diagnosis done?
The doctor puts the diagnosis on the basis of clinical manifestations of the disease, as well as the results of the analyzes.
Diagnosis is to take smear-marks from the areas of skin lesions. Laboratory analysis can detect the presence of smears in acantolytic cells. The greater the number of antibodies is detected, the more actively the disease develops and, consequently, the more intensive therapy is needed by the patient.
A differentiated diagnosis is required to exclude the presence of other skin diseases that have similar symptoms. Among them:
- Red Lupus.
- Seborrhea eczema.
- Vegetative pyoderma in chronic form.
- Lyell Syndrome, etc.
The patient should undergo treatment at a dermatologist. Since the disease is a consequence of the development of antibodies to the body's own tissues, the main focus of therapy is to suppress their development.
The main medicines for treatment are corticosteroid hormones. In most cases, for primary therapy, prednisone is chosen.
The treatment scheme is individually selected. As a rule, the starting dose is from 80 to 100 mg per day, and about two thirds of the daily dose should be taken in the morning.
The pronounced effect with adequately selected treatment comes on 10-14 days, after which, begin to reduce the dose of hormones. The first decrease is produced sharply, immediately by 25-30%, further reduction of the dose should be more smooth.
Possible complications of
Because long-term therapy with corticosteroid therapy is needed for treatment, inevitably various complications occur. Among them:
- Steroid Diabetes.
- Erotic Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract.
- Weight gain.
- Changes in the psyche, including depression, acute psychosis.
- Attached Infections.
- Systemic angiopathy, which can lead to the development of myocardial infarction, hemorrhagic pancreatitis, stroke.
However, the occurrence of complications is not indications of a cessation of therapy, since the cancellation of drugs will necessarily trigger a relapse. When complications arise, they make correction by choosing adequate therapy.
As a preventive measure for the development of complications, patients are advised to receive protects of gastric mucosa, potassium chloride, anabolic hormones. In the case of adherence to the infection, prescribe antibacterial or anti-microbial agents.
Patients Offer A Special Diet. Protein and vitamins must prevail in the diet, and the amount of carbohydrates and fats is sharply reduced. It is necessary to reduce salt intake as much as possible.
Local treatment plays an auxiliary role and is to use corticosteroid ointments, irrigation with anesthetics, bathing with the addition of potassium permanganate.
Folk remedies for
Recommendations and recipes of folk medicine can only be used as a complement to the treatment chosen by the doctor.
Folk physicians recommend treating injured areas:
- Oiled tuna of fresh leaves of walnut.
- Fresh juices from nettle leaves.
- Fresh mushroom fudge.
Forecast and Prevention of Relapses
The prognosis in the disease of the leafy puffiness is very serious. The patient must be permanently under the control of a physician so that the specialist can make corrections on time in a timely manner.
As prevention of relapses, it is recommended to follow healthy principles of life - to take off, spend time in the fresh air( but not in the sun), eat well.