Ornithosis in pigeons: symptoms, treatment, prevention
- 12 Jul 11:00
Pink ornithosis is a severe viral disease that affects both free and domestic birds. Not only pigeons are affected by this disease, but also many other types of birds. The disease is also a danger to humans.
Ornithosis is a common disease of pigeons, whichis dangerous not only for birds but also for humans.
Content of the article:
- characterization 2
- symptoms 3 Treatment of
- 4 Preventive measures
- 5 Human risk
Characteristics of the disease
Ornithosis is a serious infectious disease that affects not only birds but also humans. Another name of the disease is psittacosis. It is caused by the intracellular organism - chlamydia. Ornithosis proceeds both in acute and chronic form. In addition, the bird can only be the carrier of infection, but it does not hurt at the same time.
Over 150 species of birds can suffer from psittacism and infect other birds. Carriers of the infection are:
- domestic animal, mainly turkeys and ducks;
- pigeons wild and domestic;
- decorative birds kept at home( most often parrots);
- wild waterfowl.
The main distributor of ornithosis is wild migratory birds.
Ornithosis affects domestic and wild pigeons, as well as decorative and agricultural birds.
Ornithosis has a detrimental effect on the respiratory system of pigeons. Chlamydia enter the body through the respiratory tract and multiply in the lungs, then penetrate into the blood vessels and blood flow to the kidneys, spleen and liver. Bacteria affect the internal organs, provoking inflammation in them. The incubation period lasts a month with a hook.
Chlamydia can keep birds in litter for up to seven days and endanger others.
The following symptoms appear in infected pigeons:
- lack of appetite.
The bird's eye disturbs the nose and eyes. Birds become difficult to breathe, it trembles and chokes. The digestive process is violated. A sick pigeon refuses to eat, he has frequent diarrhea. Young people suffer from the disease a little differently. They begin to slow down growth, appetite decreases, plumage is very poor.
Undeath, shortness of breath, diarrhea, lack of appetite are true signs of pink ornithosis.
In the severe form of the disease, the birds refuse their legs, and paralysis of the wings may occur. Signs of ornithosis are pronounced, but this disease has a similar symptomatology with other infections. Ornithosis should be distinguished from:
It is necessary to treat sick bird immediately after the first signs of illness appear, while the disease has not started to progress actively. Otherwise, the dove will die due to breathing problems, or because of the exhaustion of the body. If the treatment is done correctly and in a timely manner, the bird will recover. But in order to save the pigeon, you need to know how the psittacosis occurs in the pigeons, its symptoms and treatment.
A sick pigeon needs to be isolated from healthy birds. The course of therapy includes the following methods:
- feed processing;
- treatment with antibiotics.
Before starting treatment, it is important to evaluate the condition of the bird. The launched form of ornithosis can not be cured, so the pigeon in this case will have to be destroyed to exclude the risk of contamination of other birds.
The main therapy is taking antibiotics. The most effective means are:
Azithromycin or other similar antibiotics will help cure the disease.
Osteoporosis is susceptible to tetracycline antibiotics and sulfanilamides, but the antibiotics of the penicillin group do not work on them, so it's best not to use them. Antibacterial drugs give pigeons in large doses. Medicines are mixed in the feed. Treatment is carried out to eliminate all symptoms of the disease.
Usually the treatment lasts about 10 days. But even after intensive care, the pigeon can be a danger to others. Do not rush to return it to the poultry house. Healthy pigeons who had contact with infected poultry should be given antibiotics for preventive purposes. Prevention is carried out within 5 days.
To prevent the destruction of the microflora of the stomach under the influence of antibiotics, in the period of antibacterial therapy and after it, the pigeons are given vitamins A, D3, that is, the eyes and nostrils of a pigeon washed with clean water and treated with tetracycline ointment. You can dip into the "Miramistin" nose, there will be enough two drops in each nostril. The procedure is repeated twice a day.
In the absence of treatment, the dove die within a week after the onset of the disease. If the treatment is done correctly, he will survive.
Preventive procedures are to disinfect poultry houses. You need to handle the inventory. The treatment can be carried out in one of the solutions:
- solution of formalin;
- Soda Hot Solution;
- solution of phenol.
Quickly destroys chlamydia sodium hydride solution. The room is irradiated with ultraviolet rays.
Disinfection is exposed and the walls of the room. In the poultry house should be whitewash bleach, preferably twice. Subjects that do not represent value, it is better to burn.
Poultry of poultry is one of the most powerful factors in the spread of the disease.
The excrement of infected poultry is poured into a solution of "Lizola"( 10%), after which it is burned to prevent the spread of infection.
Poisoning of sick birds is one of the most dangerous ways of spreading the disease.
If there is a case of psittacosis in a poultry house, all individuals should be checked. It should be borne in mind that pigeons can be carriers of the disease, and themselves, while they will not suffer from illness for a long time. Therefore, for preventive purposes, it is better to treat the whole flock.
Buying new pigeons, do not put them immediately in a common poultry house. It is necessary to observe the state of health. For this, during the month of the newcomers are kept separately. If there were no symptoms of any disease, including ornithosis, then acquired pigeons can be released to the rest.
Danger to human
In the treatment of pigeons, the owner must remember that this disease is a danger to him. Infection is by air. Dried particles of excrement and litter, penetrating into the airways, begin their activity in the human body. The incubation period lasts up to three weeks.
Ornithosis is a danger to humans, especially those who are often in contact with the bird.
The risk group includes people whose work is related to birds. These include:
- poultry workers;
- people working at slaughter points.
Symptoms of the disease in general are the same as those of pigeons. In the patient the temperature rises, nausea and headache appear. The disease affects the lungs, therefore the main feature is cough, there is a risk of pneumonia. To avoid contamination, all procedures related to the treatment of pigeons are carried out in rubber gloves and masks. Do not hold the patient pigeon close to the face.