Symptoms and Treatment of Pasteurleozes in Rabbits
- 11 Jul 22:30
- Ways of infection and symptoms of rabbits
- How to cure rabbit pasterellosis?
- Prevention of Pasteurleozy
Acutely diffuse disease, known as rabies paserelosis, is caused by microorganisms by pasteurellus. Highlighted and grown on theartificial nutrient medium, it was still in the 19th century by L. Pasteur. The disease affects many kinds of livestock and poultry and is easy to spread under conditions favorable to its occurrence. In some cases, it can also be a person who gets pasteellosis.
Ways of infection and symptoms of
rabbits. Pasteurella bacteria, which infect rabbits, can be stored in the ground and animal corpses for up to 3 months, but die within a few minutes under the influence of sunlight. Infection can occur by transferring a pathogen from dysfunctional farms near mice or rats. Often, the source of the infection are sick or chronically ill animals and poultry, in which the external signs of the disease are practically not expressed.
Bacteria usually live in the upper respiratory tract and in completely healthy rabbits, being saprophytes. The disease may occur as a result of reducing the resistance of animals to animals due to improper, malnutrition or violation of zoohygiene. In such conditions, pasteurellosis occurs and spreads rapidly at any time of the year.
Rabbits of any age and breed are prone to pasterellezia. More susceptible Young fox to the bacteria in the body, but it is believed that rabbits until 40 days of age pasteurellosis do not suffer because of immunity derived from the mother.
Penetrating the rabbit's body, bacteria multiply very fast. From infection to the disease sometimes takes only 5-10 hours. When the pathogens enter the lymphatic system and the blood of the animal begins to manifest and clinical symptoms of the disease: increased permeability of the walls of the vessels leads to the formation of small multiple hemorrhages in the internal organs, the rabbits look suppressed and refuse to feed.
Manifestations of acute form of pasterelosis are:
- , body temperature up to 41-42 ° C;
- signs of upper respiratory tract infections( runny nose, sneezing, frequent breathing difficulties);
- weakness, inhibition, rejection of food;
- diarrhea and bloating.
In the acute form of the disease, the animals quickly weaken and die within 2 days. Mortality with pasteurization reaches 75%.Endangered animals may remain carriers of infection or become ill chronic form of pasterelosis( Fig. 1).
In the chronic form, the following signs are observed:
- symptoms, similar to manifestations of rhinitis and conjunctivitis( nasal discharge, crust in the area of the nostrils and eyes);
- phenomena inherent in the lesion of the Surgery( diarrhea);
- signs of pneumonia or pleurisy, frequent breathing, wheezing;
- abscesses under the skin, which reveal after 1.5-3 months.
Most commonly, patients with chronic form of pasterelosis, rabbits are killed due to general intoxication and depletion within a few weeks. When slaughtered in the lungs of such animals, it is possible to detect white tissue growth, in the liver and kidneys, gray and yellow small spots are detected due to necrotic changes.
Often, these symptoms are taken by rabbits for the manifestation of other ailments, which are trying to treat rabbits, leaving behind the real cause.
It is possible to correctly determine the pathogen and the disease caused by it on the basis of bacteriological study of tissues of a dead or slaughtered animal.
For analysis, an internal organ, a tubular bone or a dead bunny corpse should be provided to the laboratory.
Return to contents of
How to cure a rabbit pasterellious patient?
Early detection of the disease allows for a fairly effective treatment of animals, but a short incubation period does not contribute to this. During episiotomy or with careful observation, you can timely identify the symptoms of pasteurleozy and try to save the rabbit at the first signs of inhibition or refusal of food. In more cases of illness, help will prove to be useless. Such animals should be slaughtered and carcasses destroyed. To feed them other animals, poultry or to eat is not recommended, as to disinfect the meat of these rabbits can only be fried for 1.5 hours.
Sulfanilamides and antibiotics administered intramuscularly are used for treatment. These are drugs such as Norsulfazol, Tetracycline, Biomicin, Levomitsetin, Neomycin, etc. For adult rabbits is enough 0,2-0,3 m, for young animals - 0,1-0,2 g on the head of sulfanilamide preparations and 20-25 thousand. MO antibiotics per 1 kg of live weight. Injections are carried out 2 times a day( in the morning and evening) for 3-4 days.
Chronic Pasteurleozes can be treated according to the following scheme: 3 days of injections of sulfanilamides, then 3 days of antibiotic injections and a three-day course of sulfanilamides. Experienced rabbits recommend as a good remedy the drug Oxytetracycline, which is used in a dose of 0.1 ml of 2% solution per kilogram of live weight rabbit. Injections are given once a day for several days before the complete disappearance of the symptoms.
Prevention of Pasteuritis As with any illness, pasteurellosis is best prevented before the animal gets ill. Among available preventive measures:
- timely cleaning of cells and rabbit;
- absence of adverse factors influencing the resistance of animals( drafts, dampness, sharp jumps in temperature);
- tooling and inventory processing using boiling water and UV light;
- timely fight against rodents;
- Extract the quarantine purchased on the quarantine side before landing in a common breeder.
In the event of a disease, cleaning and treatment of antiseptic equipment, cells and premises is required. Suitable for processing: 1% solution of Formalin, 3% solution of carbolic acid or lysol, sodium hydroxide( 2%).The walls and ceiling of the room should be whitened with freshly lime with the addition of a solution of bleach. The bedding of a rabbit before its removal should be richly moistened with a disinfectant solution and, after cleaning, burned.
Vaccination against pasteurse is used to prevent rabbits from the disease. There are many effective modern medicines( Pasorin-Ol, Pestorin Mormiks, Formolovaya vaccine, etc.).When self-vaccinated, the number should be followed by the proposed scheme( 2 or 3 vaccinations at appropriate intervals) in the instructions for the dasg.
It is recommended that young children be vaccinated starting from the age of 30 days. Adult livestock is injected 2 times a year according to the instructions for the drug. The main requirement for vaccination against pasteurellosis is to hold other vaccinations before or after a minimum interval of about 15 days.
Rabies Pasterelosis is a serious and contagious disease for humans, therefore it is important to monitor the health of animals on the holding and to take the necessary preventive measures. When acquiring a new animal, attention should be paid to the appearance and condition of the beast itself and its neighbors on cells in the household, in the pet store or in the market.