Sinusitis in the child: symptoms and treatment
- 09 Jul 15:30
If the outbreak is the season of acute respiratory disease and acute respiratory disease, then without undead can not do. But sometimes, ordinary, banal undead, many parents are confused with very serious illnesses, one of which is sinusitis.
Sinusitis is a very dangerous disease. Firstly, due to the fact that it is often confused withwith normal non-life and is not treated for a long time, and secondly, because the complications of sinusitis can lead a person to death.
It is therefore important to be able to recognize the symptoms of the disease and know how to treat it properly. Sinusitis in a child may occur with the same frequency as in adults, and the methods of treatment and characteristic symptoms are practically no different from the manifestations of the disease in adults.
1. The essence of the
sinusitis disease 2. The factors causing
3. Types of the disease
4. Symptoms typical of
5. Possible complications with sinusitis
6. Methods of diagnosis of sinusitis in children
7. How to treat sinusitisin children
8. Preventive measures
9. Instead of finding
The essence of the disease of sinusitis
Sinusitis is an inflammatory process caused by viral, allergic, bacterial or fungal microorganisms that occurs in the nasal passagesuhah.
Most often, the disease is characterized by a high prevalence of sinusitis in children, affecting about a quarter of the children's population of the world.
Most often, the disease develops in the cold season, with the predominance of wet weather. To ensure correct and timely treatment, you must be aware of the causes of the development of sinusitis.
Factors provoking disease
This disease never begins to develop as an independent one. Most often, it accompanies any other infectious or viral infections that cause inflammation in children.
First, there is a development of rhinitis, in this regard, the name of a disease such as rhinosinusitis would be more precise. Most often, the cause of the formation of inflammatory processes that affect the nasal mucosa, is an infection of viral nature.
The main pathogens are:
- influenza virus;
- respiratory syncytial virus.
In the case when bacteria are caused by the bacteria causing the acute form of the disease, they are often represented by a haemophilic sticks and a pneumococcus. To select the appropriate therapy, you must determine the pathogen.
In the treatment of diseases of the sinus of the nose, the doctor may prescribe antitussive expectorants. After the air is inhaled by the nose, it gets into the so-called nasal sinuses. Functions of the nasal sinuses are formed in the humidification and warming of inhaled air. Viruses that enter the respiratory tract can not pass the nasal sinuses.
Therefore, virtually all diseases of the nasopharynx in children should be treated according to the standard treatment schemes for viral diseases in children. And the doctor is quite well-founded to prescribe drugs for dilution and sputum excretion.
Sometimes the cause of sinusitis is the increase in the number of microorganisms in the form of chlamydia and mycoplasmas, which contribute to the emergence of long processes that gradually become chronic forms of the disease.
Types of Disease
There are several criteria underlying the classifications of sinusitis, according to which sinusitis is divided into several types.
Depending on the duration of the disease in the child, distinguishes a number of forms :
- Acute ( lasts about eight weeks and lasts until the onset of absolute recovery);
- Chronic ( lasts more than two months or occurs repeatedly four times a year);
- Recurrent ( alternately developed with pauses in two or more months).
Rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory disease that spreads to the paronytic sinuses and depends on the manifestation of seasonal factors, allergies, infections and viruses.
Depending on the localization of inflammation processes, defeat is characterized by sinusitis, represented by:
- sinusitis ( defeat of the sinus sinus syndrome);
- fronton ( inflammatory processes occur in the forehead spine);
- ethmoiditis( damaged sinus lattice type);
- is a sphygnoid ( localized on the site of the bone wedge type).
In the case of simultaneous damage of several nasal sinuses, the development of pensinusitis occurs.
Acute for sinusitis is what lasts for about 4-8 weeks .Longer course of the disease can already be considered a chronic form of the disease.
Symptoms characteristic of
disease In case of defeat of the child's sinusitis, there is an series of external manifestations consisting of the following signs:
It should be noted that the symptoms of sinusitis in a child are more pronounced than in adult patients. At the slightest signs of sinusitis should immediately seek help from specialists.
Possible complications with
sinusitis Considering the peculiarities of the anatomical localization of the perineum sinuses, the advocates the progression of infectious processes to adjacent organs of the as a dangerous consequence of the sinusitis affecting the child's body.
The greatest danger is the infiltration of the brain into the brain, which may be manifested by meningitis, arachnoiditis or by the abscess.
In the case of defeat by the inflammatory processes of the ophthalmics, phlegmon and periorbital type fibrous abscesses are possible, which may, in case of acute illness, provoke loss of vision.
Not a rare occurrence is the development of a backbone osteomyelitis sinusitis of the facial skeleton. With the launched form, a thrombosis of the cavernous sinus that provokes the sepsis , which is a severe generalized infection, is possible.
Methods for diagnosis of sinusitis in children
For accurate diagnosis experts appoint a comprehensive medical examination for ill children. Methods of diagnosis of this disease are the following research:
- conducting ultrasound diagnostics;
- carrying diaphanoscopy;
- computer tomography.
Most often, a simple doctor's review and the results of X-rays are enough to confirm the conclusion. In more complex forms of the disease, a more serious examination is prescribed.
How to treat sinusitis in children
The therapeutic course for the fight against sinusitis is complex and consists of the following methods and measures:
- measures to improve the overall well-being of the patient;
- decreases the duration of inflammatory processes;
- is the absolute elimination of the microorganism, which is the causative agent, the cause of the illness.
- preventive measures aimed at preventing complications.
The basis of the treatment for sinusitis is the course of local or systemic antibiotic .In addition, medicines are used, according to the type of Fluticizone, anti-edema and anti-inflammatory , which prevent complications. To eliminate inflammation in the area of its localization and removal of swelling of soft tissues, the patient has a course of anti-inflammatory and antihistamines treatment.
Mucorage regulating drugs and immunostimulating drugs are also prescribed for sinusitis: , , and , for the narrowing of the vessels, are used for type nasolKids.
To improve nasal breathing and reduce nasal congestion, the nose is washed with Aqualore Baby and Aquamaris solutions.
It is best to wash your nose with the most basic saline solution. Prepare it mono yourself at the rate: 1 liter boiled water at room temperature add 1 teaspoon of kitchen salt.
The result is a real physiological solution of sodium chloride. You can buy it at the pharmacy.
The purpose of antibiotic therapy is with acute or chronic sinusitis with a moderate and severe developmental stage. It is prescribed to receive funds aimed at destroying a specific agent. Or, in the absence of an accurately established cause of the illness, antibacterial drugs of wide effect are prescribed. The form of used medication can be any convenient for the child. If it is ineffective to take medications in tablets, children are offered drugs in the form of suspensions, for older children, suitable tablets will be suitable. If necessary, you can use injectable drugs.
There are some dangers when washing the nose. For example, when creating high pressure, it is possible to get into and mucus, and infections, both in the auditory tube and in the sinuses of the nose. As a result, an innocent rinse of the nose in a child may result in sinusitis and otitis .
According to recent research, has the highest efficiency with amoxicillin , besides widespread use of Amoxiclav or Cefuroxime .The local antibiotic is most commonly used as Isofr .
The method of drainage of the paranasal sinuses
The mechanism of the method of conducting the method of drainage of the paranasal sinuses of the nose is represented by the introduction of a special thin needle in the nasal sinus through which the slow drainage is carried out, remains there for a certain period of time.
This type of manipulation is aimed at normalizing the outflow of the contents, improving the exchange of gases in the nasal passages, introducing antibacterial and enzyme therapeutics( local therapy).
This technique is used in the secondary form of sinusitis and its possible complications. A child is given a pain reliever strong influence or the operation is performed under general anesthesia. Most often, the procedure is performed once within the course of treatment.
In order to prevent the recurrence and development of the disease in representatives of the children's age group, it is necessary to perform a series of actions that include:
- timely oral cavity restoration;
- elimination of various defects of the anatomical structure of the nasal cavity, preventing the implementation of nasal breathing;
- timely therapy for rhinitis;
- tightening procedures;
- strengthens immune protection.
Instead of the conclusion of
It should be remembered that in order to achieve the rapid recovery of a child, a timely detection of the disease and the beginning of its treatment is very important.
According to many experts, this illness is not very dangerous. The most important thing is the need for timely treatment and the appointment of appropriate therapy. All this is necessary to prevent complications, which, in turn, are already dangerous to the child's body.
Frequent cases of exacerbation of the disease can provoke the development of allergies. In view of this, it is necessary to choose the correct course of treatment and to execute it on time.