Acute form of hemorrhoids and its classification
- 08 Jul 17:15
- Hemorrhoid Treatment
Content of the article
- Acute Hemorrhoids
- Inflammation of
- Subcutaneous layer of
- Causes of exacerbation of
The word "hemorrhoids" in everyone's hearing, and people do not think about the severity of the disease until it personally encounters it. And the face of hemorrhoids accounts for morethan 15 percent of the adult population, and this is only official statistics.
Essentially, hemorrhoids are a disease caused by pathologies of the rectum veins. Vines are very much overflowing with blood, their walls thinned, losing elasticity. Blood has nothing to do, it clicks on the weak walls, forming bulging nodes. The complexity of choosing the treatment of the disease is that hemorrhoids occur at different symptoms in the same patients in different ways. The fact is that the disease is different in the form of symptoms and location of nodes.
Classification of Hemorrhoids by ICD - 10
MKH-10 - International Classification of Diseases 10 views. In essence, ICD-10 is a general normative document that keeps records of diseases, controls the causes of visits by patients to medical institutions of each department, taking into account the causes of death. ICD-10 operates throughout Russia since 1999 on the instructions of the RF Moz. In this document, hemorrhoids qualify for digits.
Depending on where hemorrhoidal cones appear, the disease is divided into the following types:
- Inner form( according to MKB10 - 184.2);
- External form( for MKB10 it is from 184.3 to 184.5);
- Combined form( according to ICD10 - 184.2 - 184.5)
Classification of hemorrhoids divides the disease into two stages:
- 1 - remission period;
- 2 is a period of exacerbation.
If you pay attention to complications of hemorrhoids, the classification divides hemorrhoids into the following types:
- The disease is not complicated( according to ICD10 - 184.2, 184.5);
- Mocking hemorrhoids( according to ICD10 - 184.4);
- Restrictions on the loss of internal cones;
- Trombing( for MKB10 - 184.7);
- Blood hemorrhoids( according to ICD10 - 184.1).
Most often, a diagnosis of chronic hemorrhoids is diagnosed. The "sleeping" form of the disease, without any symptoms, suddenly changes with aggravation and sharp deterioration of well-being. Usually the disease is in the remission stage, so the exacerbation is always unexpected for a person. Extending the period of exacerbation can be 1 week or 1 month, it all depends on the immune system of the body, from other existing diseases, from the stage of development and factors that contribute to aggravation.
Classification of chronic hemorrhoids is possible at its stages of progression. At the first stage of the disease, practically nothing manifests itself. During this period, the patient can only complain about some discomfort and a feeling of something extra inside the rectum. At the first stage, itching can also be punctured in the back and burning sensation.1 degree of hemorrhoids, often remains unnoticed, and the disease continues to develop.
In the second severity of development, the symptoms become tougher. The 2nd stage of hemorrhoids is the appearance of pain, it becomes painful for the patient to go to the toilet to empty the intestines. Similarly, in the second stage of development of hemorrhoids, bleeding fractures of the anus may appear. At stage 2, the disease is serious because hemorrhoidal cones do not yet grow .In the 2nd period of hemorrhoids development, it is sufficiently pharmacological treatment of local drugs.
At the third stage, nodes are already appearing, they fall outside, but they work independently. At the fourth degree of severity of the disease - the final, the cones are no longer fit inside because of their size. During this period of disease, hemorrhoidal cones are surgically removed.
Acute hemorrhoids are another classification of the disease. The phase of acute course of the disease may be complicated by thrombosis of nodes. In such cases, there are three stages of event development:
- Thromb can affect nodes, both inside and outside, but without inflammation.
- Thrombosis is aggravating by the inflammatory process.
- Includes thrombosis and internal and external cones, and subcutaneous tissue, and mucous membranes.
As mentioned above, the main symptom of acute hemorrhoids is sudden pain that goes to the doctor, because it is simply not possible to tolerate it at this stage. More often people know about the presence of chronic hemorrhoids, and in the period of exacerbation of the disease is not very surprised at the appearance of symptoms, already knowing what to do. To avoid such attacks of development of acute hemorrhoids, it is necessary to know about factors provoking it and to try to avoid their appearance in life.
This form of hemorrhoids has the following symptoms: 1 sign - the nodes are not inflamed, so they do not hurt so much when they are affected. Another 1 constant companion to hemorrhoids is an itch in the back passage. Probably the presence of 2 signs of hemorrhoids - redness and swelling of the affected tissues. But when a person goes to the toilet for an act of defecation, all of the above features are amplified several times. What other types of thrombosis are possible?
Thrombosis and inflammation of
A form of inflammation, of course, is characterized by severe acute pain that afflicts the patient, whether it lies or is sitting, standing or going. They become a constant companion of the patient. Also, the area swells around the anus, which is painful when palpated. Often, at this stage, ulcers can appear in the area of the anus and the perineum. It is possible to raise the body temperature to 40C. With such a degree of severity of progression of the disease, surgical intervention is expected after stopping the symptoms.
Thrombosis and inflammation of the subcutaneous layer
In this form of acute hemorrhoids, the pain is very strong, and the hemorrhoidal cones themselves are reddish. They can not be pushed into the sphincter, and the tumor extends not only to the tissue of the anus, but also to adjacent tissues. With such degree of severity of the disease, an immediate treatment is required. Possible development of sepsis, which sometimes has to be treated surgically.
Consequently, an acute form of the disease is characterized by constant pain, which increases during a march to the toilet. This is 1 and the main symptom of exacerbation. Some patients even refuse to take food in order not to go to the toilet .Also, the pain becomes stronger when lifting the severity and even when walking. The person himself becomes angry and annoying.
Causes of exacerbation of
Apparently, one reason for the development of acute form is constant constipation. With chronic hemorrhoids, the patient should double follow his diet so that the stomach has always been regular and mild.
As a rule, constipation can provoke sharp and fatty foods, and you must also give up smoked and salty. Acute seasoning provokes blood flow, which is also unacceptable for hemorrhoids. It is necessary to remove from the diet of bakery products, and the bread itself is only whole wheat. Frequent use of alcohol is also not allowed in the presence of a chronic form of disease in humans.
Patient is forced to constantly monitor the diet. The advantage should be given to cooked and cooked dishes. Meat can be eaten, but only non-lean varieties. The same should be said about cheese and fish. In a diet it is necessary to enter more fiber. However, first you should get rid of constipation at the expense of laxatives, and only then use more fruits, vegetables and bran. Begin to eat bran slowly - 2 - 5 g per day. By the end of the month their number should be 20 g. It is very important to drink more than 2 liters of liquid per day.
2 is the cause of the development of acute hemorrhoids, which is also rare - hard and sedentary work, weight lifting. In addition, provoking exacerbation may be some infectious diseases, and in women - pregnancy and childbirth.
In order not to feel all the consequences of the development of this insidious disease, all and you need to listen to the recommendations of the treating physician, learn to eat properly and play sports.
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