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Hemorrhoid Treatment

External hemorrhoids - symptoms and treatment

External Hemorrhoids Symptoms And Treatments Hemorrhoids( pathological expansion of hemorrhoidal veins) - is one of the most common diseases. There are several forms of its development:

  • External( external)
  • Internal
  • Combined( combination of the first two forms)
  • The difference between external hemorrhoids from the internal

    location of the nodes outside the anus, which most often do not cause any discomfort among the periods of exacerbation.

    Causes of external hemorrhoids

    Most often, the development of the disease occurs due to the congenital tendency and weakness of the walls of the veins, the difficulty of the outflow of venous blood from the perianal zone. External hemorrhoids may start to disturb for the following reasons:

    • Lack of motor activity( prolonged sitting or standing)
    • Problems with bowel movements( constipation, prolonged stress or waiting)
    • Weightlifting
    • Disturbances in diet( acute foods, alcohol, inadequate consumption of sour milk products, fruits and vegetables)
    • Very often bothered with hemorrhoids during pregnancy or after childbirth

    Under the influence of these factors there is an overflow of blood of the veins of the small pelvis and the perineum. The veins are stretched, torn, and there is the formation of hemorrhoids.

    Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids

    This disease is chronic. Therefore, in the absence of exacerbation, a person does not worry. But during the remission, the following symptoms appear:

    • A feeling of discomfort and itching in the anus. If you comb the itchy areas of the skin, there will be irritation.
    • Detecting the cones around the anus, have different sizes and are detected by palpation.
    • The appearance of blood in the stool, the walls of the toilet, on toilet paper. If hemorrhoidal nodes are small, then blood may not be. But if external hemorrhoids have arisen for a long time, and knots have managed to increase in size, the process of defecation can injure them.
    • Another, the most common cause of bleeding may be cracks formed in the anus and are satellites of hemorrhoids.
    • When acute nodules swell, inflammation, causing pain when the stool mass is released.

    When you find the symptoms listed, you need to start treatment, because the underlying disease can cause various complications.

    Complications of External Hemorrhoids

    In some cases, with the progression of the disease, complications may occur - site thrombosis. Thrombotic external hemorrhoids are accompanied by acute pain, in some cases intolerable.

    Formation of the thrombus is associated with prolonged stagnation of blood in the veins, in which it occurs in the thickening and dissection of the resulting site. There is a lot of pain, increased during sneezing, coughing or walking. It becomes impossible not only to travel, but also to the seat.

    The color of the node also changes. It becomes a cyanotic tint, swells and causes pain when pushed. There is swelling of the tissues of the perianal region, redness of the skin around the node and an increase in body temperature.

    With the progression of external hemorrhoids, inflammation is spreading to the subcutaneous tissue, causing swelling around the entire region of the perineum and increasing pain.

    The most dangerous complication is the probability of developing purulent paraproctitis and the formation of fistulas. Therefore, treating thromboid hemorrhoids should be timely, and when the first signs of complications are detected, they carry out an operation to remove the thrombus.

    How to treat external hemorrhoids

    Depending on the stage of development of hemorrhoids, the treatment is based on three methods:

  • Conservative , with the use of ointments, candles, tablets and the additional use of the achievements of folk medicine. Drugs are prescribed, above all, to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, itching and edema. The anesthetics that are included in their composition block the pain, while other components improve regeneration and healing of damaged tissues. Very effective means, which can dissipate blood and prevent thrombosis.
  • Low-Innovative .Often, infrared photocoagulation or ligation of inflamed hemorrhoids is carried out with special latex latex rings. However, these methods have limitations that depend on the stage of development of external hemorrhoids and the presence of complications.
  • Surgical .Removal of external hemorrhoids is carried out in the neglected cases, when non-surgical methods of treatment have not produced the desired effect or other indications( for example, the formation of a thrombus).
  • As we see, if an external hemorrhoids were formed, treatment should begin at an early stage in order to get rid of the disease as soon as possible and not to resort to long-term therapy.