Why chickens poke each other: what to do, symptoms and treatment
- 04 Jul 14:02
Many contemporary poultry farmers face the problem of bird breeding. Before them, the question arises: "Why do chickens, duck and turkeys tickle each other?" The chicks are struggling to the appearance of blood and defeat the internal organs. Cannibalism may occur in both young andadults, but in most cases they suffer from instances at the age of 3 to 4 weeks. In this period, the chickens are pissing each other with a special activity, and it is virtually impossible to keep track of them. At first, the anomaly manifests itself in strong individuals, but gradually extends to the whole flock.
A chicken who was not lucky enough to become a victim of persecution, perishes quickly enough. Young and adult individuals curse his cloaca, distort the head and limbs, get to the internal organs.
Content of the article:
- 1 Factors causing splashing
- 1.1 High congestion of
- 1.2 Incorrect lighting
- 1.3 Insufficient humidity
- 1.4 Unbalanced diet
- 1.5 Related drives
- 2 Types of fluctuating
- 3 As occurs
- 4 Problem solving
- 4.1 Feed
- 4.2 Contents
- 4.3 Accident
- 5 Dipping in other poultry
- 5.1 Methods for solving the problem of
- 6 Conclusion
Factors causing an
leakage The detection of leakage pathology must be done at firstit's features. Single attacks can quickly go on to infect and even destroy the entire herd. Why are the chicks fighting with each other?
The Great Congestion of
The problem of congestion usually occurs in novice farmers. The room for keeping birds should be fairly spacious. Excessive density of individuals leads to disturbance of the microclimate in the smoker, the growth of chickens is slowing down. Overcrowding affects the nervous system of chicks, impeding access to water and feed. In search of a free space, they begin to pinch their tails, fight, and in particularly difficult cases, hammer neighbors to death.
If the bulging continues and with free retention, then most likely there is not enough grass on the plot.
When there is a large accumulation of chickens in any room between them,
begins to split.
illumination begins. During the oviposition period, young lobsters receive powerful lamp illumination. With ill-conceived feeding and content, they will not be able to gain weight after the completion of the initial feather and at the beginning of the laying. Additional stimulation with light can cause the increase of linoleic acid and protein, as well as complications in the fallout of eggs. All these factors lead to a reflex reflex.
Moisture parameters play a huge role in creating a comfortable microclimate. Reducing the norm by 50% causes drying of the skin and the fragility of feathers in the chicks. Trying to moisturize the cover, the chickens press the beak to the coccygeal gland. The resulting irritation attracts the negative attention of neighboring birds.
Causes of chickens are high indoor humidity and insufficient water to drink
Normal livelihood of hens is not possible without a properly balanced diet. The organism of birds should be constantly replenished with vitamins and minerals. Lack of calcium is one of the motives for chickens to swear with each other. Quite often it manifests itself when feeding with purely vegetable products.
During the replacement of the baby's feather on the first feather( age - about a month) in the chickens, the need for a protein increases, so soybeans and corn( maximum 35%) must be present in the diet. Excess of this indicator is also a direct way to splint up.
Aggression can be caused by changing the diet. This is especially true for broilers. Birds deteriorate their well-being and begin to roll out with a shortage of water and kitchen salt. The dominant individuals of the young are biting and scraping the weak. The resulting reflex can not be corrected even when moving to a more nutritious diet. In connection with this, chicks who tried to "taste" neighbors, it is recommended to discard.
Prone to splinting an individual whose diet consists of whole grains, not small plots. The eating of large grains is much faster, but they are absorbed more slowly. Pears do not feel the need for saturation and attack relatives.
Changing the diet may noticeably affect the chipping chicks
The aggression of feathers may also be caused by other factors:
- predominance of cockroaches in the henhouse;
- by the addition of new species of other breeds;
- heat indoors;
- traumatic and wounded hens;
- for the untimely removal of dead specimens;
- eating dead chicks;
- live on parasites;
- sharp drops of daily temperatures.
Cannabalism cases among chickens increased after broiler breeder breeding( an increase in weight per day increased to 50 m) and the elimination of egg crosses, each year bringing about three hundred pieces of eggs. Crosses are characterized by hyperactivity, an acute reaction to any stimuli.
Zoologists have discovered a certain lineage of rocks and aggressive behavior. For example, brown bearers are less prone to outbreaks of rage than white or meat. When comparing cockroaches and chickens it turns out that, oddly surprisingly, the "boys" are more calm.
Symptoms are related to certain external factors: the
- head loss accompanies the formation of a hierarchy in a pack;
- fingers biting youngsters in the fight for feed;The
- coccyx suffers from a lack of food in young specimens. The second option - in the event of a failure of the hormonal background of the carrier, which pulls the deposition of too large eggs. They damage the oviduct, which becomes the subject of attention of other chickens;
- defeat of earrings or crests occurs among adults in the process of seizing power;
- foaming occurs in the presence of insects or poor-quality feeding in the process of fluff;
- can suffer wings and spins.
Bleeding wounds on the back and wings of the chicks arise due to bulging
Any of the above problems can cause aggression by the dominant individuals. They beat the weaker neighbors with the beak on the legs, shave the neck and the neck. The first drop of blood - and the flock becomes virtually uncontrolled, trying to kill the chicken that is weakened by the pain and hunger.
Often aggressive, timid, passive individuals are subjected to aggression. Stronger neighbors will beat them until they get to the inside. Only the death of a chicken or its relocation to another room can stop torture.
What to do when cutting broilers and other breeds of chickens? The first is, of course, to find out the cause of aggression, since only information about the origins of the problem will help solve it in an optimal way.
If the reason for unbalanced feeding, you should add to the food salt( 2% of the total), products with high calcium content.
Calcium is very essential for the growing bird organism. From the 6th day after birth, it is recommended to bring young milk into the diet of sour milk, cheese( average acidity), turtles, chalk( crumbs), charcoal. From 11 days, birds need protein, so their food should contain milled bone and fish remains.
A favorite entertainment of chickens and adults is considered digging in the ground, so you need to expel them more often into fresh air. On the walks you need to scatter bits of beet, cabbage, carrots.
Another way to reduce biting cases is to add fodder sulfur to food. It is taken in the following proportion: at the tip of the knife on 1 kg of feed. Help to add apple cider vinegar to drink( 3 tablespoons per liter).
If the chicks are tight in the room, then they should be released at will.
To identify the drivers of aggressive behavior, it is recommended to divide the herd into 2 groups. Sent dominant representatives away. Inspect the victim of chicken, if possible, to treat the bites with greens, wood tar, manganese and dry. Birds will stop attacking again if they do not see blood or red dots.
Help change the lighting or full dimming of the chicken. It will be necessary to light the light only during the meal until the final disappearance of the occasions of a rollback. In the shed can only install infrared or red lights, "masked" fresh wounds.
It is not recommended to have representatives of different breeds, age and colors in one place. Newbies should be planted only in the evening.
A herd can not be crowded. One chicken( up to 3 weeks of life) should have 120 cm2 of free space, up to 10 weeks - 200 cm2, to 17 - 330 cm2.
A fairly hard but very effective way to get rid of bumpers. Poultry holders say that using a special equipment( debit) the removal of the tip of the beak will not cause frost damage. The tip update will take about 25-30 days.
The debikeer consists of thermo-legs. The circumcision is carried out 24 hours after the birth of the chicks, pressing the tip of the beak to a hot-rolled up to 600 degrees under a slope of 45 degrees. The procedure allows you to save the number of "population" of the hen, reduce mechanical damage and prevent further treatment of chickens.
You can not make a debit after 11 days of life.
The process should be in accordance with several requirements:
- can not feed chickens 6 hours before the start;
- is recommended to make vitamins C, KZ in the diet in advance;
- patients or weak representatives should be separated;The
- procedure is best done at a cool time of day.
Incorrectly made debit may end with bleeding, forming on the stomachs that complicate the intake of water and food. To reduce the consequences of stressful birds in the situation, it is recommended not to engage in amateur activities, but to invite a specialist.
After cutting the beak, it is necessary to increase the room temperature by 2 degrees, to observe the quality of the lighting. Feeders should be no higher than 4 cm. Birds need to have plenty of food and drink.
Apparatus of Zoo-techniques of French manufacture for the deboning of chicks
Split in other poultry
The pathology of the split is found not only in chickens. Another problem is faced by breeders of other birds. Incidentally, among all ducks, the most prone to splinting are representatives of the mullard breed.
It should be remembered that splinting is not a disease to be treated, but a behavioral reaction of the bird caused by internal and external stimuli. Her motives are practically identical to those that cause the same problem in the chickens.
The chicks react sharply to the subsistence of strangers. The aggression of some birds can be caused by very dry air in the room, which leads to the fragility of the pen. Trying to grease the plumage of the bird press on the coccygeal gland, which contains a special liquid( secret).This leads to skin ruptures, threatening potential splinters.
In mullards, this pathology can be caused by an unexpected change in nutritional conditions and nutrition. Poultry farmers do not recommend feeding the growing ducks particularly often with pumpkin and zucchini. These products are characterized by laxative effect, extracting from the body of salt and trace elements. In the absence of useful substances during the creation of a feather mullard excruciating from the comrades of the pen and splashing the skin.
Ways to solve the
problem The first thing you need to do when splashing in ducks and turkeys is to provide a full feed. It's better not to rely on your own knowledge, but to buy balanced mixes.
In order to accelerate the growth of already torn feathers, it is recommended to feed cystines, arginine, manganese and bromine.
By the way, certain breeds of turkeys suffer from cannibalism at the genetic level. Such varieties can not be kept with the total number of livestock.
You can apply a radical method to stacking a beak - a debacle, but some farmers are advised to add abrasive substances to the feeder that will blunt the tip naturally.
Even a single case of rolled up in swamps, chickens and other feathers is a dangerous syndrome that requires immediate reaction. Otherwise, it will quickly grow into an epidemic and cause the economy a considerable economic loss.