Trichoclasia nodule - causes, symptoms, treatment, photos
- 04 Jul 00:15
- Disease Of The Skin
Nosebleed or nodular trichoclasia is a disease that is characterized by an extremely high hair strain. Most often, dislocation occurs at a distance of up to 7 cm from the surface of the skin. In trioclacusis, not only hair on the head can be amazed, but also those that grow on thepubic, and in men, trichoclasia can affect the mustache and beard.
- 1 A bit about the structure of hair
- 2 Causes of development of
- 3 Clinical picture of
- 4 Methods of diagnosis
- 5 Treatment of
- 5.1 Popular methods
- 6 Forecast and prevention of
A little about the structure of hair
To better understand the causes of the disease, it is worth getting to know the structurehair.
The part of the hair, which is located outside, is called a rod. But there is also a hidden part that represents the whole system: the root, hair follicle, muscle that raises hair, sebaceous gland.
The rod has a multilayer structure. In the center there is a cerebral substance consisting of cells that have not yet been chopped. The brain substance is surrounded by a cortical layer, which consists of horn cells. The upper layer is called the cuticle of the hair, it consists of scales, which are arranged in layers, such as fish scales.
At nodular trichoclasia, the cuticle shows longitudinally spaced breaks, and then the cortical layer is damaged. As a result, the hair loses elasticity and durability. At the same time, a characteristic knot is formed at the site of damage. The rod is split into separate fibers and, under any influence( for example, when combing), breaks apart. With strong splitting, the hair can break off just under its own weight. At the same time, the tip resembles a tassel on the spot.
In trichoclasia, the structure of the hair is not damaged, only in the place of the lobe( in the "brushes") there is a lack of cerebrospinal fluid.
Development Nodal trichoclasia is not contagious. The main reason for the development of this disease in normal hair is the injury of the rod. Damage can be caused by the use of inappropriate shampoos and means for stacking, frequent execution of nachos, the use of "hot" methods of stacking, drying in the sun, etc. If the hair is naturally dry, then the risk of nodal trichoclasia increases.
The trichoclasia of the nodule may be a congenital pathology. This disease may be accompanied by various hereditary syndromes, which are manifested, including, and skin lesions. An example of such a disease is the Noetton syndrome.
Nosebleed trichoclasia is often manifested by ring hair. Such a name is the hereditary pathology of hair growth, in which the rods appear rims, containing air bubbles.
In addition, trichoclasia can develop in patients with congenital metabolic disorders. In this case, hair damage is often manifested in combination with nail dystrophy and tooth decay.
Characteristic symptom of nodular trichoclasia is the appearance of nodules on the hair shaft, which, when viewed from the outside, resemble nets. By the way, when the nodular form of trichomycosis thickening on the hair, too, can be confused with niches. In the places where the knots are located, the hair is easily broken up.
At an intensive process, partial alopecia( baldness) may be observed.
Diagnosis of node trichoclasia does not present a particular complexity. Microscopic examination of hair is carried out for the diagnosis. To exclude diseases that have similar symptoms, it may be necessary to conduct a series of laboratory tests.
First of all, it is necessary to exclude the presence of fungal lesions, for example, black or white pjedra - infectious disease caused by microscopic fungi. At the same time, nodules are also formed on the rod, but their appearance does not lead to the breakdown of the hair. Nodules in case of pidgeosis are a combination of fungi, which is manifested through laboratory tests.
It is necessary to differentiate nodular trichloxacia from diseases such as monelletx and pseudomonilletx. These diseases are manifested by increased dryness and fragility of hair. To make a diagnosis, a microscopic examination of the hair rod is performed. With trioclacusis, the rod is even throughout, except for the place of the cavity. With a monitor, the same rod has a heterogeneous structure, during which it can be seen bloating and thinning.
When trichinosis on the rod is also formed nodules, which accumulate fat, dust, microorganisms, but in places, the knot of hair does not break. The difference between trichoclasia and trichophytosis is that when the first splitting disease( brush) is observed at the site of the lobe, and at the second - at the ends of the hair root.
In the event that nodular trichoclasia is not associated with hereditary syndromes, the treatment of the disease is to exclude hair trauma including trehotilomania treatment. Patients are advised to make a short haircut, cutting off their hair above the level at which there is an obstruction. It is categorically not recommended to carry out a curling, do daily staining with an "iron" or hair dryer, permanently use means for styling and hair dye.
In addition, for the treatment of trichorexia, vitamin therapy is prescribed - the administration of vitamins A and E. In addition, the patient will need to apply special balms and masks, which will be selected by the doctor depending on the type of hair of the patient.
Popular methods of
In the treatment of nodal trichloxaemia can bring significant benefits to traditional medicine recipes.
Forecast and prevention of
In the event that nodular trichoclasia is caused by their mechanical or chemical damage, the prognosis for a complete cure is good. It is much more difficult to cope with a disease if it is caused by hereditary syndromes.
Prevention of nodal trichoclasia is to carefully treat hair. Avoid the frequent implementation of hairstyles with the implementation of scrolling, using the hot method of curling. Cosmetics for hair should be carefully selected, taking into account individual characteristics.