Ashley American maple. Photo and description of a tree, leaves
- 04 Jul 00:15
Rodina Klenovy or Sapindovye. Species: Maple. Species: American maple( Acer negundo) or Yalta maple.
In the wild is found in North America. Belongs to light-loving plants. Delivers nutritious, medium-humid soil. Requires moderate irrigation. The height of the plantreaches 20 and a little more than a meter. Life expectancy in the wild up to 100 years. Method of reproduction: seeds.
American maple tree and leaves
American maple refers to deciduous trees. The tree has a short, branched brown trunk. The older the tree, the darker the bark of its trunk. In young maples, small cracks are found on the surface of the crust. As the "maturing" of the tree, they become deeper, gradually turning into grooves.
From the branching of the trunk leave long, smooth, smooth branches of green or olive color. On the branches of a tree you can often see blue, less violet plaque. The crown is wide and unfocused.
Leaves folding, not paronypal, petioles. Each sheet consists of 3 or 5 long( up to 10 cm) leaves. The leaves have a toothed edge and acuminate, sometimes lobed, the tip. The upper surface of the leaf is darker than the bottom. The lower part of the leaf is slightly pubescent. In autumn leaves change the color to shades of yellow and red.
American maple leaves are similar to the leaves of ash, hence one of the "names" of this plant - maple Yasenevidny. Maple is a two-headed plant. On one tree, but on different branches, there are both female and male flowers. Men's flowers are assembled into hanging bunches. Their dusters are painted in red tones. Women's inflorescences are green and tufted in inflorescences. American maple begins to blossom in May. Flowering continues until the first leaves appear. In autumn, white fluffy kidneys are formed on wood.
The fruit of a cruiser containing one seed and two wings, about 4 cm in length. The warts ripen at the end of summer( August, September) and remain on the plant until spring. Adult trees are characterized by high frost resistance and can easily carry low temperatures( up to -35 ° С).Frost resistance of young trees is much lower.
The plant is characterized by rapid growth and rapid development. It is easy to carry high air pollution, adapted to growing in urban conditions. Life expectancy in the street is approximately 30 years. It is characterized by high fragility. Propagated by seeds( Samosov) and foam seedlings.
Distribution of American Gentlestrium Maple
In the wild, American maple is found in Tugai( forest on non-overlying rivers) in Canada and the United States. It can be seen in the Far East, in Central Asia, in deciduous forests on a very moist, even swampy soil.
In Russia, in a wild state, is widespread in the Central region and Siberia. American Maple is successfully adjacent to various poplar species, willow, as well as oak and ash.
Due to the rapid growth and unpretentiousness of American maple, it is widely used for gardening urban streets, in the creation of parks and alleys.
However, in this plant, as a landscaper, there are drawbacks:
- is a short life span in urban conditions( up to 30 years old).
- is a fragility, which can be caused by strong wind, rain and hail.
- has a rapidly growing rootstock, destroys asphalt and requires correction.
- education during the flowering of large amounts of pollen, which can cause allergic reactions in humans. The
- is a very large, wide crown, shading streets that are a place of residence of insects, including ticks.
- Roots and leaves decompose emit toxins that can inhibit the growth of other, growing near the maple plants.
- Smoothy samosh leads to excessive appearance of overgrown, which has to fight like with weed.
Thus, the use of this plant as a landscaper is not always justified.
In a decorative plan, American maple does not have much value. It has a beautiful crown, painted naturally in the autumn period. Due to different shades of leaves( green, yellow and reddish) it looks very impressive.
In landscape design, the plant is practically not used. This is due to the peculiarities of the structure of his body. It is short, branched, often distorted. The branches are very fragile. American maple is not suitable for the creation of living fences and is often used as a temporary breed that is used for quick landscaping in conjunction with other, more decorative, but slowly growing rocks.
Maple wood is short-lived and not durable, therefore it is suitable only for the manufacture of wooden containers and some household items.
The lower, the widest part of the trunk and the growths on the trunk of the plant at the cut, have an unusual pattern, and are therefore widely used for the production of creative works. From them cut vases, sculptures, cut knives for knives.
In the spring, the plant produces plenty of sweet juice. In some countries, for example, in North America, maples were used as saccharose.
In wildlife, the plant is popular with birds that like to host nests in its thick crown, and eat cornflakes in the autumn. Like to enjoy the fruits of maple and squirrels.
The plant has a selective value. On its basis, scientists create new decorative forms of trees and shrubs. The result of breeding is the Maple Flamingo, which has a great decorative value.
Maple American does not require serious care. In case you carefully treat the plant and treat it with your attention, it will give you a magnificent crown and give the shadow and coolness on a hot summer day.
Care at plant planting involves the introduction of mineral fertilizers directly into the landing holes. After landing, it is desirable to have a multicultural piercing wheel. Mulching is carried out by five centimeter layer or peat.
In spring, the plant is fed with a solution of potassium and sodium fertilizers. The annual fertilization is carried out by the "Kemira-universals" fertilizer.
American maple is easy to tolerate drought, but it develops better and grows when watering. Irrigation rate: 15 liters under the tree. For young trees, the norm should be increased by 2 times. It is desirable to water the plant once a month, dry summers - once a week.
During the summer period it is desirable to weed and loosen the soil in order to enrich it with oxygen. Summer care includes pruning dry and sick branches. In some varieties, the lateral branches are actively growing, and it is better to remove them.
In late autumn, the root cervix of young( annuals) plants need to be closed with dense material or spruce branches. They are sensitive to frost. Adult plants are frost-resistant and do not require winter protection.
Planting is carried out in the spring or autumn. Planting of seedlings is carried out in specially prepared pits, at shallow depths. The root crop of the seedlings should be at the level of the soil. If in the vicinity of the landing site undergo groundwater, or landing is carried out marshy soils, it is necessary to loosen the bottom of the well. In the recess for landing, make a drainage containing sand and building waste, a layer of 20 cm.
When planting the seedlings are located 3-4 meters apart. To create a hedgerow - every two and a half meters.
Flamingo Maple Maple
Wildlife Grows in North America. In Europe, the tree was imported in the 17th century. In Russia cultivated since 1796.Outside, this kind of maple is a small leafy tree or shrub with a lot of trunks. The height of the plant is 5-8 meters. The distinctive features of this species are the leaves and the crown.
Maple Flamingo has sophisticated, unpaired leaves, consisting of separate petioles( from 3 to 5).The length of the sheet is 10 sm. The color of the leaves varies as they dissolve:
- on the young shoots of leaves are silvery-gray.
- in the summer there is a white-pink border and the same shade of spots that are unevenly distributed throughout the area of the sheet plate. The
- closer to autumn leaves color becomes bright pink to dark pink and greenish strips.
The crown of the tree has a rounded shape with a diameter of up to 4 meters and a delicate look. It is distinguished by an unusual color. The tree looks very beautiful and becomes a real decoration of streets, squares and gardens. The plant retains its decorative character throughout its life.
Like other representatives of the Klenov family, the Flamingo maple is a two-headed plant. On one plant are both male and female inflorescences. They are fairly small and have a greenish tinge. Fruit is a wing of gray.
This kind of maple grows well on the illuminated areas, loves fertile, well-moistened soil. Stable with respect to low temperatures.