Angiography of the vessels of the brain: what is it, decoding
- 03 Jul 04:15
In this article you will find out why angiography of the brain is needed, which is the type of diagnosis in which its suspicion and symptoms are assigned, how the results of angiography are decoded, and which doctor to apply for the survey.
Despite the crazy rhythm of modern life and our total concern with apartment, financial and other household matters,, our main value, after all, is health.
- General Information
- What is an angiography?
- What is the diagnosis of brain vessels?
- What are the symptoms of angiography?
- In which diseases is angiography administered?
- How to decrypt an angiography?
- What doctors can advise you?
- What is CT Angiography?
- What is an MRI Angiography?
Only a healthy person can adequately function in society, provide a decent living, live well and enjoy life. Unfortunately, a serious illness can catch up with us at the most unexpected moment, thus stopping, or even breaking our plans and intentions. Therefore, an attentive attitude to their health( especially in our time) has become a necessity.
Everyday we are exposed to harmful radiation, as well as stress, which, unfortunately, leads to the development of brain diseases, including tumors. I think you do not have to explain what it is. The most important, but, unfortunately, the most vulnerable organ of the human is its brain.
The brain is the main department of the central nervous system in humans, it provides the lion's share of its viability. Therefore, problems with it can easily lead a person to a disabling condition and even lead to a lethal outcome.
That's why our brain needs special attention, and at the slightest hint of problems with it, it is urgent to identify and eliminate the cause of these problems. The earlier the various pathological, tumor processes, problems in the functioning of the vessels( their excessive narrowing or obstruction) will be detected, the easier it will be to deal with them and forget about the problem, continuing to enjoy life.
It is not always the basic medicine that our district clinics provide, it is able to fully disclose what is wrong with our brain and provide us with complete information and description of the problem. In this case, the patient needs a more complete and detailed examination, and he has to resort to a kind of examination, such as angiography.
What is an angiography?
Angiography is a method of studying the vessels of the brain using contrast media( iodine).Iodine is injected into the vessel, and at the same time it is done with X-ray examination.
This procedure helps in a timely and prompt way to detect pathologies such as occlusion( blockage) of vessels, area and complexity of pathological narrowing of the vessels( stenosis), various internal bleeding, provide detailed information on the development and spread of the tumor process.
Angiography helps to prevent atherosclerosis, to identify the preconditions for oncological diseases and serious vascular pathologies. Timely conduct of angiography can ease the treatment of even the most serious illnesses, thus saving human life.
The angiographic method is not limited to brain studies alone, it is used for surgical interventions, serious cardiac and kidney operations, and is widely used in the treatment of gunshot and knife wounds.
Before conducting a study, your doctor may request your written consent for the procedure. Do not be afraid: if you have already been sent to an angiography, then the individual peculiarities of your body are likely to have been taken into account, and signing this agreement is a pure formality.
The procedure does not endanger you unless you have special contraindications. Four hours before angiography it is strictly forbidden to eat and drink. During the procedure, remove any metal on your body: rings, earrings, piercings. The puncture site is thoroughly washed out if it has hair - it breaks.
Angiography of your brain is done as follows: The patient falls on a special table, fixed. An allergic reaction is checked and then anesthetized.
After administering anesthetics, a catheter for injection, with a contrast agent( iodine), is installed. Typically, the catheter is installed in the thigh area. Intervention in the vessel is controlled by X-rays. After the procedure is completed, the bandage / tourniquet is applied.
What is the diagnosis of brain vessels?
Angiography of human brain vessels is a serious procedure that is prescribed to the patient in the event that he suspects a dangerous disease of this organ, hemorrhage, aneurysms or vasoconstriction.
Angiography helps locate and eliminate the hemorrhage. When performing angiography, it is necessary to make the most accurate images of the field of pathology, as in this case, a very small amount of contrast material is introduced.
Having access to the vessel, and assessing its blood supply as well as the degree of vascular changes, the endovascular surgeons decide whether the patient needs surgery, for example, the introduction of a stent for vascular narrowing, or if he needs an occlusive cylinder in the case of aneurysm.
The occlusive cylinder allows you to exclude aneurysm from the bloodstream, which means that you can reduce( or even exclude) the risk of its rupture. The areas of the catheter insertion for angiography may be the femoral region, the carotid artery, or the vertebral artery( if the study of the back regions of the brain is required).
What are the symptoms of angiography?
Not all headaches are harmless. Sometimes a pulsating headache occurs immediately after a person wakes up, or one in which there is numbness of the body and a split up of the image in the eyes, pain associated with a change in body position, as well as nausea and vomiting may indicate something more serious,than regular migraine. These are the symptoms of a tumor of the brain, and, most likely, you need angiography.
A dizziness - when it occurs in an empty place, and even leads to loss of coordination of movements, this is a serious reason to think about their health and fully investigated.
Neck pain - Neck pain, when it is very sharp and does not stop, can also be an alarming symptom.
Loss of consciousness can be just on the nervous basis, however, if the loss of consciousness becomes systematic, angiography of the brain is simply necessary!
In which diseases is angiography prescribed?
Among the pathologies of the vessels of the brain are such as excessive convulsions and so-called loops, a decrease in the lumen between the vessels, asymmetry of the vascular branches, blockage, various aneurysms, vascular malformations, and the presence of newly developed vessels that can grow into a tumor. Timely diagnostics can detect the onset of a threat, thereby preventing its development and deplorable consequences to which it can lead.
How to decipher an angiography?
Angiography, like any hardware survey, requires the decoding of a specialist. But you can also decipher the result of your aniography if you know that it is depicted on it.
Radiation, which penetrates through the brain tissue, depends on its density. On a computer tomography, the bone, as the dense tissue itself, is indicated by white.
The black color indicates the spinal fluid that occupies the subarachnoid space and the ventricles of the brain. The substance itself of the brain has a gray color. The assessment of the state of the brain is made of its density, shape, size and location.
What doctors can advise you?
- Neurosurgeon - a doctor who specializes in the surgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system;
- Neurologist - a doctor who deals with problems of the central nervous system, symptoms of her illnesses, treatment, as well as all kinds of preventive measures.
- Angiograph surgeon - a doctor who directly carries an angiography of the brain. He knows best what to do in preparing for this procedure, and how to facilitate its course, as well as to avoid negative consequences.
- A phlebologist - a doctor who directly deals with your veins: their structure, functions, assessment of their condition.
- A radiologist - a doctor who studies the effects of ionizing radiation on brain vessels and the human body as a whole, as well as diseases that arise when exposed to these rays.
What is CT Angiography?
Many who encounter the need for angiography have a question: CT angiography: what is it? CT angiography of vessels allows to estimate the nature of blood flow by obtaining a reliable image of all vessels.
CT angiography is good in that this procedure eliminates the risk of complications that are possible with normal angiography. In conducting this type of aniography, the use of special algorithms for image reconstruction is used.
What is an MRI Angiography?
MRI, angiography used in atherosclerosis of arteries, vasculitis of the vascular wall. There are also relative contraindications in which research is unacceptable.
Absolute contraindications for MRI hagiography are pacemakers, metallic implants of the middle ear, the presence of ferromagnetic fragments in the body, and hemostatic clips in the vessels of the brain.
Insulin pumps and nerve stimulants are also contraindications for Mth angiography of the brain. MRI angiography of the brain can not be performed during pregnancy and renal failure. And as with claustrophobia, to avoid panic attacks while staying inside the MRI machine.
Angiography of your brain vessels is safe, and a procedure that is capable of preventing danger and helping to combat it is necessary when suspected of serious brain disease. Remember that your health is above all else.
The most important thing is to have a good mood, because the optimistic mood is half the overcoming of any, even the most serious and imaginary, incurable illness! The key to recovery is in readiness to fight the disease and reluctance to give it up.
A combination of positive emotions and advanced methods of modern medicine can create miracles. Even if the diagnosis posed by doctors does not contribute to an optimistic mood - forget about it and continue to fight for yourself.
Because human life is the most valuable thing we have, and there is no more devastating emotion than despair. Do not miss your hands, and remember that any difficulty can be overcome if you believe in yourself and love life.