All you need to know about avitaminosis in cats: causes, manifestations and list of foods by groups of vitamins
- 12 Jun 02:01
- Animal Care
The abundance of research, articles and books is written about the role of vitamins, trace elements, amino acids and other substances involved in the metabolism of both humans and animals. It would seem that everything is simple - it is necessary to provide a full-fledged cat and the avitaminosis will never affect thepupil. In fact, it's not so simple - a complete diet is difficult to make, it's even harder to stick to it, eating exclusively with natural products has long been a utopia, even balanced industrial feeds are made without taking into account the individual needs of animals. As a result, avitaminosis in cats is normal and even the usual diagnosis in the modern world.
What you need to know about basic vitamins
In nutrition issues, people and animals are prone to harmful effects of progress to the same extent. Lack of vitamins leads to various deficiencies of life systems, as a consequence of metabolic abnormalities and falling levels of immune defense of the body, and this is the roo
The main group of vitamins involved in the metabolism of
- A is a fat soluble vitamin, the lack of which leads to slowing growth, worsening of the quality of the wool, various visual impairments. The body of a cat is capable of synthesizing vitamin A independently or transforming carotene as a dog. However, the cat's liver accumulates vitamin, which is then consumed as needed. With excess, it may be intoxication and shock.
- Group B 1,2,3,6,7,9,12 - water soluble vitamins, the importance of which is difficult to overestimate. They come from food products that affect the functioning of the cardiovascular and central nervous system, the condition of the skin and mucous membranes, the process of digestion, vision, the quality of the wool, the composition of blood, the growth process - in general, to all systems and organs!
Important! Folic acid and 12 - the basis for the development of red blood cells. If you and your pupil live in the city, feed your store "and enjoy the benefits of civilization - with 90% probability, both of you, deficiency of folic acid and vitamin B 12.
- C or ascorbic acid - water soluble vitamin, if the animal is healthy, synthesizedin the liver without external influence. The functions of vitamin C - maintain immunity, reduce the risk of diseases.
- D - called the main "building material" for teeth and bones. In fact, vitamin is responsible for the balance of potassium, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium in the body. It is synthesized in the upper layers of the skin under the influence of ultraviolet light - the sun's rays. Excess vitamin D phenomenon is extremely rare, but it is often confused with the deposition of excess salt - "clicks" the joints.
- E is not a complete study of vitamin A, which is involved in balancing the hormonal background and fat metabolism, cell division and nutrition. Deficiency leads to temporary or chronic infertility( in males, to the lethargy of sperm).It is believed that possible intoxication with vitamin E( with artificial introduction).
- Up to 1,2,3 - Supports platelet levels and balanced blood composition. It is believed that the cat is able to independently provide the body with vitamin K.
Pay attention! Many vitamins are digested only by complex, and some are incompatible.
How to detect avitaminosis in a cat
The first thing to do when suspecting a cat is the lack of vitamins - to be taken to a vet. Why? Having read the following symptoms and pointing out what the cats of vitamins look like, you will immediately understand how easy it is to mistake the diagnosis. Spend time on the treatment of avitaminosis, with a false diagnosis, you only worsen the situation in the global sense. If the vet is not near, well, you have to become a diagnostician. Consequently, avitaminosis in cats manifests itself:
- Itching, especially in the eyes and ears. At the affected areas of the skin, the wool is thickening or falling, see the photo - it looks like a hypodermic mite and allergies. With the progression of avitaminosis, the loss of wool is increasing - a popular complaint by the owners: "The Cat Forever Lose."
- The lethargy is too much a symptom that is also skilfully hidden by cats.
- The loss of skin elasticity - thinning and the appearance of scales on the skin may indicate avitaminosis, subcutaneous parasites, dehydration, and the like.
- Decrease of immune protection of the organism - the pupil "suffers" from colds, rhinitis and other viral diseases at the slightest contact with other animals.
- Metabolic disturbance, uncontrolled appetite or lack thereof, desire to eat inedible( earth, plaster, faeces). In order to be clearer, people in the spring and autumn periods are in a state of: "I do not know what" and the person starts to eat everything in a row, without feeling saturated - this is a vitamin deficiency.
- Nerve disturbance of is a deterioration of coordination, reaction rate, apathy or excessive nervousness.
- Anemia - low blood hemoglobin level.
The above symptoms are accompanied by an early stage of avitaminosis that can be treated at home with prior consultation with the vet. It is worth noting that avitaminosis in the kittens is a rare occurrence, if they were fully nourished by the cat. If, in your house, a baby came from a street or asylum, add( in reasonable quantities!) In the main feed fish oil, beer yeast, "baby" vitamin supplements, vitamin B12, folic acid and bone meal throughouttime until you take the child to the vet for review.
Products for the prevention and treatment of cats avitaminosis
The main thing to learn if you use veterinary drugs - fat and water soluble vitamins are given separately. At an early stage of vitamin deficiency it is enough to correct the diet and introduce the necessary supplements, in the case of running injections. So, let's figure out where to "get" vitamins.
Vitamin A - When diagnosing vision impairment, growth retardation, weight loss, the cat is needed:
- Egg yolk.
- Beef liver.
- Fish oil.
Group B vitamins - avitaminosis is not recommended to be diagnosed and treated on its own, with too many nuances. As prevention in the diet should be present:
- Raw meat and offal, especially kidneys, liver and heart( beef, chicken, turkey).
- Dairy products, "live" yogurt.
- Vegetables - carrot, zucchini, beet, greens.
- Beer yeast.
- Bone meal.
Vitamin C - the first symptoms of avitaminosis - swelling of the joints and general weakness, bleeding gums. Cats do not eat citrus, so add to the diet:
- Lettuce Lettuce.
- Ascorbic acid without sugar( sold in pharmacies).
Vitamin D - the basis of bones and joints. Contained in:
- Beer Yeast.
Complexity in integrated assimilation of vitamins with trace elements. In parallel, in the diet are: calcium gluconate, bone meal, phosphorus or special veterinary mixtures, for example, tricalcium phosphate.
Important! Do not add eggs to the cat's food! Yes, it is often recommended, but the method is very outdated, in addition, it can lead to blockage of the intestine, shock and death.
Vitamin E - Given that surplus causes toxicity and shock, it is not recommended to experiment with veterinary supplements on their own. From foods rich in vitamin E:
- Vegetable oil.
- Wheat sprouted.
- Lettuce Lettuce.
Important! Feeding a cat with high-quality industrial food excludes vitamin supplements, hypervitaminosis is also bad.
If you decide to go on a progressive medication and reduce the term of recovery - consult your doctor! In addition, knowing how to cure an animal, which vitamins is not enough, having bought all the necessary preparations - do not hurry, some substances destroy and block each other at the same time:
- B6 and B12 - mutually destroyed when mixing in one syringe.
- B1 and B12 - when mixed, vitamin B12 partially oxidizes. Both vitamins can cause shock, and their combination increases the chances of negative effects.
- B1 and B6 - slow down or block the assimilation of both.
Important! Be careful, vitamins A, C and B are incompatible with a number of medications.