Encephalopathy of the brain: causes, diagnosis, treatment
- 30 Jun 15:00
- causes of encephalopathy brain
- Symptoms and signs of encephalopathy manifestations
- diagnosis of encephalopathy
- Types encephalopathy brain
- Treatments encephalopathy brain
Encephalopathy - a pathological disease which is caused by lesionsnerve cells and blood vessels of the brain. Unfortunately, it occurs every year more often, especially in older people. This can be caused by various factors, ranging from congenital genetic failure to the effects of other serious illnesses. Curative brain encephalopathy? In most cases, it can be eliminated or, at least, reduced manifestation. The specific outcome of the treatment depends on the type of disease.
In cerebral encephalopathy, circulation of blood in the tissues of one of the most important organs is disturbed. To select the treatment methods, you need more accurate diagnostics, since there are far more than one type of disease. Therefore, with the first symptoms of cerebral encephalopathy, you need to go to a doctor to determine the cause of the disease and remove it as soon as possible.
The causes of cerebrospinal fluid encephalopathy
As with any other disease, the disease has a very specific basis, which leads to a malfunction of the brain. This is most often due to vascular diseases and the organs of the cardiovascular system.
Causes of cerebrovascular encephalopathy:
- vegetative vascular dystonia;
- vascular insufficiency;
- Poisoning with Toxic Substances, Alcohol, Drugs;
- Radiation Disease;
- liver and kidney failure;
- trauma and concussion of the brain;
- diabetes mellitus;
- is an infection.
There are similar reasons for the acquired form of the disease. Congenital encephalopathy usually occurs due to genetic disorders, pregnancy abnormalities, traumas during labor, hypoxia, premature birth, fetal maladaptation, maternal disease when worn, transmission of infections to a child. Newborn injuries and the lack of oxygen during the onset of the disease can provoke further development of cerebral palsy and cause disability.
Symptoms and Signs of
Encephalopathy Symptoms of cerebrovascular encephalopathy may be similar to those of some other diseases, so in the first manifestations it is safe to assert that there is no such problem. Most often it is:
- pain in the occipital part and ear noise;
- difficulty concentration;
- increased muscle tone;
- sleep disturbance;
- nausea and vomiting;
- anxiety and frequent depression;
- hearing loss and vision impairment;
- numbness of extremities;
- sexual function abnormalities.
Severe signs of cerebrovascular encephalopathy may include development of dementia, cloudiness of consciousness, loss or altered personality, instability of the psyche, speech impairment, tremor of the hands.
Diagnosis of Encephalopathy
A complex of analytical methods is used to identify an illness. Diagnosis of cerebrovascular encephalopathy includes such measures as MRI, ultrasound, metabolic tests.
First and foremost, general tests are performed: blood, kidney function, autoantibodies, pressure and level of toxins are measured. Next is the turn of more serious techniques. Reoencegraphy and ultrasound dopplerography make it possible to detect disturbances in blood vessel structure. CT and MRI provide an opportunity to detect tumors and pathologies of white cerebrospinal fluid.
A set of measures for the diagnosis of encephalopathy must include the identification of the primary disease that provoked the development of the disease.
Types of encephalopathy of the brain
One of the most common in adults and the elderly is dyscirculatory( vascular) brain encephalopathy. It is characterized by a circulatory disorder and can be subdivided depending on the cause of the disease on the hypertensive, venous, atherosclerotic, etc. The first case is the treatment of the underlying disease and measures that contribute to the slowing of the development of encephalopathy and the prevention of stroke. Thus, if cerebrospinal fluid encephalopathy of 1 degree does not pose a special threat to the patient's performance, then 2nd and 3rd stages cause disability. Illness is manifested in neurological disorders, weakening of brain activity, loss of consciousness. The prognosis in this case is disappointing in the absence of treatment.
Toxic brain encephalopathy is the result of neurotropic and bacterial toxin effects on the body. It can be drugs, mercury, arsenic, gasoline, chlorine, lead, medicines, etc. The treatment is aimed at the most rapid removal of toxins from the body and the restoration of lost brain functions. It is necessary to normalize blood circulation. Practicing the use of vitamin preparations to accelerate recovery.
Alcoholic brain encephalopathy is the death of brain cells and dysfunction in its activity as a whole due to the systematic administration of large doses of alcohol. Methods for solving the problem are similar to the treatment of the previous type of illness. Particular emphasis is placed on a healthy lifestyle. In chronic alcoholism, processes can become irreversible.
Posttraumatic cerebrovascular encephalopathy( ) is a result of severe head trauma. There may be behavioral disorders. Treatment depends on the nature of the previous trauma and may be limited to physiotherapy. In serious cases, surgical intervention is required.
Perinatal encephalopathy of the brain is observed in newborns with defects of the immune system and underdevelopment of the internal organs. Treatment is carried out with the help of stimulating drugs, physiotherapeutic and natural approach, systematic training with a specialist teacher. Consequences of untimely treatment - delayed development, cerebral palsy, epilepsy.
The residual cerebrovascular encephalopathy( ) is a neurological deficiency due to birth injury or infection. It manifests itself in children with impaired blood circulation or brain trauma. For treatment, symptomatic drugs, physiotherapy approaches are used, and rational lifestyle is recommended.
Metabolic brain encephalopathy is a consequence of the disease of the internal organs of a person. Therefore, it is obvious that the primary restoration of the affected organs and the elimination of the consequences of their dysfunction is evident. Accepted stimulating drugs that are used physiotherapeutic methods.
The brain radiation may develop due to exposure to ionizing radiation in the body. There are asthenic disorders, changes in the human psyche. Demands stimulating drugs. Treatment is aimed at eliminating the effects of radiation.
The focal cerebral encephalopathy of the is a polymorphic manifestation of a disease affecting certain areas of the brain tissue. Men are more prone to this type of disease. As a representative of the weak sex. It is difficult to treat, which in turn directly depends on the state of the human immune system.
The brain encephalopathy is a terrible and very dangerous disease that can destroy human life and consciousness. That is why it is impossible to postpone its treatment under any circumstances.
Methods for treating cerebrovascular encephalopathy(
) After a doctor has conducted a study and diagnosed EGM, it is necessary to choose the appropriate treatment method. It is based on eliminating the causes of the disease and normalizing the functioning of the brain. The specific list of measures and drugs depends on the type of disease.
Major efforts in the treatment of encephalopathy should be aimed at eliminating the disease-the root cause. After all, it is precisely because of this that there is tissue damage that provokes similar failures.
In general, all treatments for cerebral encephalopathy can be divided into several approaches.
- Natural Treatment and Prevention. Based on lifestyle correction, implementation of physical activity. Be sure to get rid of such bad habits as excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking. Also, the transition to a healthy diet is a prerequisite. The diet for cerebral encephalopathy contributes to reducing the weight of fat and eliminating the problem of overweight. It is based on eliminating from the diet of saturated fats and reducing the amount of salt consumed. But natural treatment is only an auxiliary method and the main emphasis is placed on other approaches.
- Medicinal. The drugs used in brain encephalopathy are used to stimulate cell regeneration, vasodilatation. Medications and vitamins restrain the progression of the disease. For this purpose, preparations are used on the basis of amino acids, lipotropic compounds, vitamins A, B, E, acids and biostimulants. They take courses in 1 - 3 months.
- Physiotherapeutic. Additional procedures for acupuncture, ozonotherapy, hemodialysis are carried out. Also, a positive effect is made by magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, blood irradiation, etc.
- Surgical. The most effective and most commonly used approach. With the help of an endovascular operation, the affected vessels expand and adjust the blood flow in the brain tissues.
Specific treatment methods are determined by the type of disease. EGM Vernicke, for example, is a disturbance of the functioning of the hypothalamic region due to the lack of vitamin C.Therefore, effective ways to solve the problem will be the introduction into the body of a dose of vitamins, anabolic drugs and nicotinic acid.