Irrigation device: engineering design
- 29 Jun 05:15
- What's inside the
- Iron How the
- Iron Works
Wireless Irons Each iron operates on a spiral basis, but how to properly regulate the temperature? In this case, power elements, transformers, and other accessories that fit thehome appliances are not suitable. However, the exotic regulator can not be called. This is bimetallic, which accompanies the kitchen since the release of the very first devices that facilitate the life of the mistress. The device of the iron is not much different from the electric heater from oil heaters. We would even say that the only difference is that the TEN in the radiator is double, and the iron is single. In addition, in an oil heater, the element has a form close to the usual, familiar with the advertisement of washing machines for everyone. In the case of iron, the scheme is similar to an electric kettle with flat Tena( from the back side of the bottom is attached a horseshoe).The device of an iron, thus, intersects with other household appliances,
What's inside the
Iron It would seem that a common iron and ordinary cappuccino maker? This is a boiler! He looks like this outwardly with his powerful outlines, the similarity is obvious. We do not even know why this is so, maybe irons can be made at the same factories as coffee machines? Let's get it. In coffee makers of the toothed type, a pressure of 15 atm is created. This is much higher than in batteries, even when the autumn test pressure is half an hour. Imagined? This is very, very much.
It is these conditions that are necessary for the water to be sold through a pill of dense coffee, compressed in a cup of a horn, wrapped from the rest of the soul by a lover of strong( but not alcoholic) drinks. The same is true when getting steam, but the temperature is slightly different. For this purpose there is a real compressor inside. The tongue does not come back to call this pump a pump, considering the high pressure. At the same time, in the iron, the liquid itself flows slowly into the tank, tightly pressed against the sole, where it turns into pairs. Under such a schedule, there can be no pressure on the inside.(See also: Repairing the iron with your own hands)
The only assumption of the similar similarity of tanks of iron and coffee makers has already been expressed. What is the similarity? The boiler of the coffee maker consists of two almost flat identical halves, which are fastened around the perimeter through the rubber pad on the set of bolts. This durable construction easily withstands giant pressure, due to the fact that it is cut by the transverse ribs of rigidity. What do we see now in iron? Exactly the same powerful half is welded to the sole, due to which the impression of the same force is created. But. .. it is not clear why it is necessary. Recall that on the soles there are many small holes that will not allow pressure to rise in principle.
So, the capacity of the iron is a flat tank that clings to the sole. It can not be separated, which is why the cleaning of the device turns into hard labor. If water was not filtered( and even if it was), all salt, plaque, rust is accumulated inside.
This transforms ironing into a rather mysterious lesson, because you never know at which point the clothes will remain dirty. What shall I do?
Approximately this sequence will reduce the chance of spots. We would not recommend filtering twice, if only not confident that both an electric kettle and a regular one, can not be perfectly clean. So, you need to thoroughly clean. Do not use iron in order to get a couple of mineral water. It will be just a catastrophe. Any mineral water contains exactly all those salts, from which carefully try to clear the liquid by various means, both mechanical and chemical. The device of ordinary iron does not provide any protection against scum. In advanced, it is suggested to use the pill or wash the special bar from time to time. And although in advertising something is often said about magnesium, we doubt that the principle of this element resembles an anode of a water heater. If only because of the work of the latter there is a lot of siege.
I would like to add a couple more words about the option of spraying with water. The parameters of the irons take into account human needs. It has long been noticed that if the water spills water, then it is much easier to handle the folds. It is on this and the technology is based, when a jet of water hits directly on course. How does iron work in this case? Usually next to the Steam Impact button, which drives the pump. In this case, the water does not enter the tank, but goes through the thin hose to the spout, where it is injected in the direction of movement.
How does an
Iron Works? And now about the typical electric irrigation scheme:
It is clear that the whole system has a certain inertia, otherwise no varieties of iron could not work. The bimetal plate also has a hysteresis, that is, it triggers shutdown at a temperature lower than the inclusion. It allows for some time to iron with the iron off. By the way, it also builds on wireless technology, which we will talk about below.(See also: How to remove irons from the iron)
The principle of operation of the iron is completely repeated by the boiler. The hot water flows into the hot tank, resulting in steam. The output speed can be controlled, for example, by a button that translates the nipple of a different section into one or another position. The larger the pass, the more steam is produced. It is clear that if you put the iron vertically, then the process will stop immediately. That, in principle, is quite convenient. And what about a steam stroke? There is usually a separate button that controls a small pomp. Instantly, a lot of water is collected from the tank( one click), which is injected in addition to the fact that it slowly drains under the action of gravity.
As a result, even more steam is generated, the pressure inside the boiler rises, tearing outside the hot jets, spreading the folds, killing the germs, refreshing.
It is clear that too often a steam stroke can not be used, because the temperature of the sole is dropping, but in simple models of irons it is not controlled in any way. And if you overdo it, you will get wet stain on the linen. This is a real misfortune, which in smart devices is eliminated by a variety of methods.
Cleaning mode goes in a similar style:
- To start, the temperature of the sole is maximized.
- As a result, favorable conditions for the production of a large amount of steam are created.
- Power off.
- Then the steam control adjuster opens to the full over the sink.
- At the same time, water begins to drain actively into the tank.
Not all liquid forms pairs, water starts to drain rapidly from holes. At the same time there is a cleaning. It is clear that if you do not carry out such a procedure regularly, then the next steam stroke can lead to the same consequences, only all dirt pours out directly on the linen. With regard to deeper cleaning, then often used citric acid. She perfectly removes all the dirt from the sole. For example, you can use a frying pan, where the solution is poured so that it does not get to the plastic case of the appliance. Then the iron is boiled in this liquid for some time, then it is washed with water by using a steam stroke. The process is repeated several times in a circle.
The unit of the wireless iron is characterized by the presence of a temperature control system. The sole is warmed up exactly as much as it takes, after which the indicator starts flashing. It is clear that magic is not very much in this, and the usual bimetal plate fully cope with the task. Similarly, when the device cools down another flame makes it known that it's time to already warm the appliance. Inside there is also a spiral. The heat is accumulated and the walls of the tank. And this, probably, is another reason why they are better made thick. So more heat is stored, therefore, and the temperature modes are more profitable, and the steam can be received at a time more than it is possible.
Wireless irons are mainly distinguished by ironing cycles. For example, in Tefal it's something like 4 seconds of charging and 25 seconds of ironing. This mode is enough for most housewives, and everyone remains satisfied. The technical characteristics of the irons are different details. If Panasonic is a bit longer, then Tefal offers two types of soles, one of which is non-stick. It is clear that this and is more expensive. The catalytic fission technology looks rather interesting.
Finally, the principle of the wireless type of irons is the cyclic accumulation of energy by the walls of the tank and the soles with its subsequent use. Characteristics in this case are in conflict. In particular, increasing the heat capacity of the iron is accompanied by an increase in mass, it is not very good for this class of devices. However, when the battery life of 2 kg looks not so scary.
Here we finished the story of how iron was arranged. We hope that the review turned out to be interesting and cognitive. By and large, it's important to know how the device works and then it will become clear what you can expect!