How to grow dračen děrimská: tips and rules
- 23 Nov 16:15
Dracena Derma dracaena deremensis - absolutely unpretentious in the care of the plant, is great for decorating both at home and office . Dracena dime has a very sophisticated three-colored leaves, which slightly curl around the edges. For florists it is very attractive, as it grows fast and theis well adapted to indoor conditions.
- Type Description 2 Conditions for Growing
- Maintenance Rules 4
- Reproduction 5 Possible Problems
- 6 Video "Dracena Deremskaya: Transplant and Care"
Description of the
Species Dracena belongs to the Agavian family and came to us from hot Africa. At a young age, Dracena Dreamska is simply a bunch of leaf sticks out of the ground. As you grow older, there is a bulging barrel. The leaves have a dark green color and because of their shape are very quickly covered with dust, which should be regularly cleaned with a damp cloth. The growth of the woody is controlled by trimming the trunk.
Conditions for the cultivation of
As already mentioned, dračena Derymskaya came to us from warm subtropics, which is why it absolutely does not tolerate the low temperature. In the period of its active growth, the temperature in the room should not fall below 21-26 degrees. At temperatures below 21 degrees, dracena slows its growth. Winter is supposed to decrease to 18 degrees. At temperatures below 12 degrees drazena strongly overcool and can die.
Ideal lighting for Dracena Dera is considered light light scattered. If the light is not enough, then it can get sick, and when it hits the direct sunlight - get burns. If it is possible, in the summer it is advisable to bring it to the balcony, but make sure that it does not get bright light and no drafts.
Rules of Care
The most important aspect when taking care of Dracena Dera is proper irrigation. In warm season, it is recommended to water 2-3 times a week as soon as the top layer of soil dries. In winter, watering is greatly reduced. The ground in the pot should dry completely, otherwise the roots will start rotting due to excess moisture. When water after draining in a tray, be sure to pour it. Dracena loves spraying very much, and this procedure can be performed almost every day. In the summer, you can arrange the plant warm shower, it will help clear the leaves and give them freshness. But be careful that the water does not remain in the axils of the leaves.
Dracena is suitable for any soil, most importantly, it is nutritious. The soil is considered to be the best of a mixture of sand and hardwood. You can add a bundle of charcoal, it will help reduce the risk of rotting the roots. Do not forget to put a good drainage, it prevents stagnation of water. Drainage is best done with large expanded clay. From time to time, loosen the ground in a pot, this will allow air to reach the roots.
In the winter, the dracaena is in a state of rest, its growth is stopped, and it is undesirable to disturb it at this time. The best time for a transplant is the spring tree, when it begins to grow intense. With each transfer the diameter of the pot should be increased by 2-3 cm. In an adult plant it is desirable to change the top layer of soil 2-3 times a year.
Dracena multiplies by cutting. Gently cut off the tip of the flower at an angle with a sharp blade. The length of the stick should be at least 10 cm. Make sure that the cut is equal, otherwise it is more likely that the stem rotates, but not rooted. After cutting the petiole it can be left for several hours to dry, but if there is no time to wait, you can immediately begin to plant. The water in the container, where you lower the stack, should be at room temperature and pre-settled. It is necessary to change water as it is contaminated, it is approximately 2 times a week. Little trick: so that the water is not very cloudy, it adds 1 tablet of not crushed activated charcoal.
The process of starting roots in the Darya is rather long and will take at least 2 months. To accelerate this process, you can add a little special rinse to the water, they are sold in any flower shop. This will help accelerate the rooting process for about one and a half weeks. For cutting, use only a young strong plant, otherwise the sprout will be weakened and will not be able to root. When a little dracaena leaves the roots, it can be transplanted into a separate pot.
Care should be more thorough than an adult plant. Ensure that the temperature does not fall below 24 degrees, and there is a fairly bright scattered light. You can create a mini-greenhouse, covering the plant with a transparent package. Pour the tray with the drying of the upper layer of the earth. To spray leaves it is necessary at least 4 times a day, with warm, settled water.
Sometimes it happens that the tip of the plant is quite sluggish or completely gone, then a great way to multiply the dracena with stem currant is great. To do this, select a healthy stem and cut into pieces of 10 cm in length. Cut necessarily on the sheet scars. Make sure the tool is very sharp. It is desirable to root this kind of stack in the sand. The conditions of the maintenance are best suited for greenhouses, with high temperature and frequent spraying.
Seed propagation is also possible, but it is suitable only for green leaf foliage, as rough-cut shapes can lose their varietal differences. The seeds should be sown in the beginning-middle of spring. The exit process takes about 6 weeks.
Even such unpretentious plant as Dracena sometimes gets sick. Among the most common problems are the following:
- the appearance of brown spots on the leaves. This indicates insufficient watering;The leaves of the
- have become brown in color. This problem occurs due to drafts, low humidity or lack of moisture in the soil;
- leaves twist in a tube. An obvious sign of too sharp temperature fluctuations;
- appear dry spots on the letter. Such a problem comes from direct sunlight, the leaves get burns;
- is also a dracaena that is often attacked by pests. The most commonly considered mite. Most often it appears in the winter when humidity is very low. Fighting ticks is best insecticidal soap.
Video "Dracena Deremskaya: Transplant and Care"
This video shows how to transplant dracaena, as well as give advice on plant care.