Atrophodermy - causes, symptoms, diagnostics, treatment, photos
- 26 Jun 14:45
- Disease Of The Skin
Atrophodermia is a disease associated with a disorder of skin nutrition. Due to the shortage of nutrients, the volume of all elements of the skin or its individual layers decreases; thus, decay phenomena are not observed.
Atrophodermia is more common in women. The disease can develop at any age, there are congenital forms of atrophodermia.
- 1 Causes of development of
- 2 Clinical picture and forms of the disease
- 3 Methods of diagnosis
- 4 Treatment of
- 4.1 Treatment by folk methods
- 5 Forecast and prevention of
Causes of development of
Atrophodermia may develop for various reasons. For example, one of the reasons for a breakdown of skin nutrition may be the appearance of stretch marks of the skin during pregnancy or with a sharp set of weight.
Another common cause of atrophodermia is the aging process of the skin, which is common in older patients.
Often atrophodermia develops as a consequence of some diseases. The following diseases, such as:
- , sclerotia scrotum, may lead to a disruption of nutrition and the appearance of signs of atrophy;
- Diabetic necrobiosis;
- Focal scleroderma;
- Dermatomyositis( a disease that affects the connective tissue);
- Red discoid lupus;
- Radiation Radiation;
- Individual body reactions to certain medications, most often hormonal drugs.
The causes of the development of some types of atrophodermia( for example, Pazini-Perini's diseases) have not been established until now. There are neurogenic, immunological and infectious theories of the development of this disease, but no general theory has received any of the theories.
There was a failure to identify the causes of the development of bovine atrophodermia. There is an assumption that this form of the disease is associated with endocrine disorders and the lack of vitamin A.
Clinical picture and forms of the disease
Symptoms of atrophodromy depend on the form of the disease.
The worm-shaped atrophodermy is a rather rare disease, sometimes it is familial. The first manifestations appear in childhood, at the age of about 5-12 years. On the patient's cheeks, a large number of follicular cornea tubes with a match-headed size are formed, as in normal ichthyosis. After removal of cork in their place formed areas of cicatricial mesh atrophy. On the outside, the skin of the sick looks hilly, resembling a bark of wood eaten by insects. With age, skin irregularities may slightly smoothen.
Idiopathic atrophodermia or Pazini-Perini's disease, which is also a separate form of scleroderma. This disease most often affects young women. On the skin of the trunk( usually on the back, along the spine) there are large oval hearths of atrophy. The skin on these areas falls down, through it the blood vessels shine. Often in the cells of the lesion there is hyperpigmentation, that is, the spots acquire brown shades. No subjective sensations of idiopathic atrophoderny do not cause.
The disease proceeds chronically over a long period of time. Old lesions of the lesion gradually increase in size, and new patches of atrophy may appear. Sometimes the process spontaneously stabilizes.
Atrophodermia is neurotic. This form of the disease is caused by the pathology of the peripheral parts of the nervous system( polyneuritis, trauma with a lesion of nerves, etc.).In this form of the disease, the skin of the limbs and, above all, fingers is affected. The skin becomes excessively dry, bald, becomes bluish-pink, as with acrocyanosy, and then a dead-pale color. On areas of the skin affected by atrophodermia, hair falls, nails undergo dystrophic changes.
Atrophodermy of pregnant women. The disease manifests itself in the tension of the skin. However, it is caused not by mechanical stretching, but by trophic disorders caused by nervous or other systemic diseases. In this form of the disease, the skin appears linear or winding strips, which initially have a bluish color, and then acquire a white and yellow color. The strips look slightly drooping, their edges sharply limited.
Atrophodermia is a whole group of diseases, so there are several variants of classifications, depending on the various attributes.
So, in the course of manifestation it is accepted to allocate the following forms of atrophodermia:
- Congenital. This type of disease includes aplasia, birthmarks( nevus epidermal), and others.
- Primary. In this case, atrophodermia develops without apparent external causes.
- Secondary. This form of atrophodermy is a consequence of some skin or systemic disease, for example anodeodermia.
- Involutionary. This type of disease includes senile and presenilnuyu atrophodermy, the disease develops in the elderly and old age.
Mostly, an external examination is sufficient to diagnose atrophodermia. If necessary, a skin biopsy can be performed from the hearth of lesion, with subsequent referral of the material to the histology.
The histological picture of atrophodermy depends on the age of the lesion's cell. In the newly created centers there is edema of the dermis, expanded capillaries and thickened lymphatic vessels. When studying the material from old centers there are obvious signs of atrophy of the epidermis, increasing the concentration of melanin in the basal cells. The dermis is swollen, with a sophisticated mesh. In the upper departments there is a presence of thickened collagen beams.
Effective treatment of atrophodermia has not been developed. Depending on the form of the disease, the patient may be prescribed vitamin therapy, superficial light massage, various procedures associated with skin warming. Useful spa treatment - mud, sea and radon baths. Recommended curative exercises for improving blood circulation and skin nutrition.
In the treatment of idiopathic atrophodermia, injections of penicillin are used. Outwardly, ointments are prescribed to improve tissue trophism and stimulate blood circulation.
In order to get rid of secondary atrophodermia, it is important to treat the disease, which caused a breakdown of the skin's nutrition.
Treatment of folk methods
It is not possible to get rid of atrophodermy with the help of folk remedies, however, there are recipes that help stabilize the process.
To lubricate lesions, it is necessary to prepare an ointment based on beeswax and essential oils. You can use sea buckthorn or rosehip oil. Must melt the wax and thoroughly mix it with oil. Apply to the hearths of defeat, closing the top with a food film and fixing with a patch or bandage. Conduct the procedure twice a day for at least three consecutive days. Then, after a week's break, the course can be repeated.
Forecast and prevention of
Prevention of primary atrophodermy has not been developed. To prevent the development of the secondary form of the disease, it is necessary to treat systemic diseases that can provoke development of atrophodermy in a timely manner.
The prognosis for recovery in atrophodermias is unfavorable. The disease proceeds long, changes in the skin are irreversible. Treatment helps to stabilize the process and avoid the emergence of new foci.