Breeding and keeping cats in the home
- 21 Nov 15:30
Cesarca or royal bird in private farms today is rarely met. However, several decades ago, it was very in demand. She has not only a beautiful feather, but a high quality eggs and meat. For example, in comparison with the meat of chicken in cats, it is 15% higher andis higher than hemoglobin. And eggs without loss of quality can be stored for about a year. Breastfeeding in the household will be considered in more detail.
Table of contents
- 1 All about breeding of caissons
- 1.1 Young children
- 1.2 Breeding
- 2 All about keeping birds
- 2.1 Winter retention
- 3 Video "Living house about cats"
All about breeding of catshirts
The royal bird is a distant relative of domestic chickens andturkeysThere is information that if you keep them together at one step, then at what time you can get a mixed offspring. Due to the fact that this bird is not as popular as, say, a chicken or duck, few people know how it looks. On average, the guinea fowl reminiscent of chicken and turkey at the same time: a long oval body, a short neck, a slightly bare head with unusual ornaments. For more information, see the photo.
So you decide to do this bird breeding. Excellent, because the guinea fowl is a great source of useful dietary and delicious eggs. An adult female gains weight up to 1.8 kilograms, a male - 2 kilograms. These birds are very durable and unpretentious in comparison to all domestic birds. That's why you can breed guinea fowl in any climatic region. With proper care they can withstand even very strong frost - to -55 degrees.
Today, the most popular are two breeds of birds: Siberian white and Zagorsky White-breasted. In small households, they also breed gray dotted ones. Kiwifruit grow rapidly, in the first three months, weigh about 1.3 kilograms. Adult female during the breeding season( April-September) demolishes from 70 to 120 eggs depending on age and breed.
Where to start breeding this poultry? Of course, with tsesarjat. As a rule, they buy day-old youngsters. If you want to do a farmer's business not seasonally, but year-round, which is more profitable and acceptable, then you must buy at least 20 chicks right away. So you will have the opportunity to select the best copies for the formation of a parent herd. It's easy to distinguish females from males: males over a beak have a slightly larger tubercle, which is bright in color and directed upwards, and in females it is small and almost imperceptible.
The best time to grow young is the period from April to July. In the first days of their life, about 3 to 8 days they need to be fed boiled finely chopped eggs of milled wheat, cheese and herbs. As a drink, it is good to give sour cream or whey. Indispensable for good growth and development are herbs of nettles, clover, alfalfa and common meadow grass.
Beginning from a week of age, it is good to give the kissarates moist, fragrant blends of croutons and greens, gradually accustoming them to dry fodder. For example, in the morning, give a dry grain mixture, in the middle of the day - wet mix and in the evening - again grain. In the early days, chicks need to be fed 8 times a day, as they grow to a lunar age they are converted to a 5-fold regime and in two months already give feed 3-4 times.
Since the herbs are very active and smart, they are restless and quickly eat food, so it is recommended to give them small portions in an oblong feeder. This will allow all chicks to have access to food at the same time. In the summer, starting from 2-3 weeks of age, the young should be let out for a walk. At this time, the kids will be accustomed to self-extracting food. They eagerly eat all the beetles, larvae and worms.
For the first time, it is necessary to produce a bird in a closed squad, but as you grow it, you can accustom yourself to free running. All guinea fowl come to the house before the onset of darkness and during feeding. For breeding work the bird is taken at the age of 6 months.
It is not difficult to grow celery at home. One male, as a rule, leaves for 5-6 females. It is desirable that the tsisar was older than females for several months. It is very important to remember that this bird is combined only with a long free ride, in the room and in the cells it is difficult. It is advisable to take the fertilized eggs in the morning and stoop them with a dull end upward. In this position, the fruits can be stored for about two weeks.
It is noteworthy that the breeding of herbs in the home does not require a permanent presence of the male. If, for example, he has a lot of females or is sick, then they will be fertilized eggs for about 20 days and without his presence. In three years, the weight loss is reduced, so only two seasons are used for breeding bird breeding. The fruits of the caissons are incubated exactly as well as the chickens, but in this case only higher humidity is required.
It is very important for hatching kids to crop their wrists in the first days. This is due to the fact that the birds fly very well and can easily fly to the neighboring city. Also, it should be noted that the trouble with cannibals is much less if they are hatching and raised by a mother than an incubator and brut.
All About Bird Maintenance
Celery is a freedom-loving bird, it likes to have a free walk in the yard or at least have enough to walk in the cage. However, if you do not have the ability to provide a feathered place for a walk, you can keep it in the enclosed room. True, then the birds will not be so fruitful. It is very good if there is some kind of meadow or forest near your house. Tartar with pleasure there will spend free time and believe me, they will not go anywhere. By the time they are fed, they all come home, so keeping cats in the home should be based on the regime.
Many years of experience in the breeding and care of this bird in our country showed that they do not particularly need any special premises. Birds are unpretentious and enduring, so they will fit even a small shelter. Feel the guinea pigs in the hen house. The only rule - they need more space, one square meter is allocated to two individuals.
As an accessory for walks, an area of 30 square meters per person will fit. If it encounters a neighboring area, then the cage must be fenced to a grid at a height of at least 2 meters. Guinea fowls fly very well. In addition, it is desirable to plant the shrubs and place a small canopy or a house for greater comfort of the birds on the exercise area.
Pepperminters are well aware of their herd and are kept in groups, they also get used to the host quickly, to his voice. It is worth it to appear in the yard, as birds begin to cry and noise. This is probably the only disadvantage - they are very cheesy. Like chickens, royal birds like to dig in the ground, so it is desirable to pour a bunch of sand and arrange an ash bath on the exercise area.
As far as feeding is concerned, we will talk about it separately, but it does not differ much from the feeding of chickens. For this, grain, fodder and greens are also suitable. By the way, greenery in the diet of cesarocks should be half of the total daily ration. This number can include vegetables such as boiled potatoes, pumpkin, courgettes and cucumbers.
It is important to note that the guinea fowl is a very cultural bird, unlike all other home birds, even after they have been released to the city, you can be calm for your harvest. Birds do not crush beds, make Colorado beetles, worms and other insects eating weeds.
Holdings in the winter
The retention of cake in this period deserves special attention. As we have already said, they are very hardy and birds in the winter may well be in an unheated room. However, they must necessarily do sit up, so that the bird does not sit on the floor. Of course, if you have a warm heating barn, it's just a plus, in such conditions the birds keep fruitful.
It is important to have a dry bedding on the floor, for example, sawdust, straw, wood chips. It is necessary to clean and change the litter once a month. In the cold season, guinea fowls also love to walk, but not in the snow, but in the cleared earth. Additionally, in the cage you can lay straw. At other times, ventilation windows must be open. Fresh air is the key to the health of the royal bird.
In winter, it's important to remember about prolonged lighting. It is desirable to include the light in 7 hours and switch off only not earlier than 22 o'clock in the evening. Also, during the cold season, you must feed the birds with more nutritious meals. For example, add sour milk, fish oil, meat waste to wet mash. At night they give grain and feed. With such content and good care, the bird lynn almost year-round. Once again, about who these guinea pigs are and how to keep them on the farmstead, find out the video.
Video "Living House of Tzarok"
In this video from the Live Living program, you will learn a lot of interesting and useful information about Tessaok: where they come from, what the features look like. An example of the content and breeding is one of the owners of these birds.