Turmeric Diseases: Symptoms and Treatment, Care, Review
- 19 Nov 07:30
Turks, like all domestic students, are prone to various diseases. They can get infected from other birds or suffer from improper maintenance. Particularly dangerous are infectious diseases that can lead to mass death of the livestock. For thatto reduce the likelihood of loss in the economy, you need to know the symptoms and treatment of the diseases of turkeys.
Clean water and good food for birds also of paramount importance
- 1 Preventive measures
- 2 contagious illness
- 2.1 Respiratory mycoplasmosis
- 2.2 TB
- 2.3 Hystomonoz
- 2.4 pulloroz
- 2.5 Worms
- 2.6 Smallpox
- 2.7 Newcastle disease
- 3 non-contagiousDisease
- 3.1 Hard Strand
- 3.2 Avitaminosis
- 3.3 Painful Appetite
- 3.4 Diseases of the Legs
- 4 How to distinguish a healthy turkey from a patient?
- 5 Turkey turkeys
- 6 Conclusion
The most effective treatment of the disease is to prevent it. Diseases of turkeys develop much faster in unsanitary, non-hygienic conditions.
The main requirement for prevention is compliance. All surfaces of the poultry must be thoroughly cleaned. In order to disinfect the premises need to be washed with water and allow to dry well( 4 - 5 days).Then treat the chicken with chopped lime( 10 - 12 liters of water - about 3 kg).
Allocate other preventive measures:
- To produce feeding exclusively with fresh products. The digestive tract of turkey is characterized by a special structure, due to which food is delayed there for a long time. The use of a thicket, which food will cause the development of harmful microorganisms and may end with the death of young animals.
- A regular review that allows you to detect the disease in time and take protective measures.
- Compliance with content requirements. The birdhouse should be constantly dry, the litter - clean and necessarily loose.
- Separate retention of turkeys from other species. In addition, experts do not advise to grow in the same room of turkeys and adults.
A healthy bird is visible to the naked eye, its feathers shine, and it looks cheerful.
Infectious diseases of the turkeys are caused by certain viruses and microbes. If you miss the onset of the disease, then a single case of an illness will quickly grow into an epidemic.
One of the variants of bird's disease is transmitted by airborne droplets. May occur in the autumn-winter period due to hypothermia or poor quality food. The disease is a result of vitamin A and B deficiency, as well as a decrease in immunity.
The main symptoms include:
- corneal inflammation and vision impairment;
- knee padding;
- frequent falls;
- breathing difficulty( young);
- is a regular discharge from the eyes and nose.
Turkey quickly drops weight, and if you do not take protective measures, it dies.
How to cure?
If young turks fall on their feet, then it's too late to treat them. Such symptoms indicate a severe form of illness, so the only thing that remains is to get rid of the young.
Sleeping legs and rare falls of adults can be tried to cure. To do this, you must add chlortetracycline and oxytetracycline in the menu. The bird should take medicine for at least 6 - 7 days. Vaccines are administered in a proportion of 400 grams per tonne of grain. In addition, poultry farmers are advised to feed the turkeys with antibiotics( Erythromycin, Levomitsetin, Streptomycin).
Disease causes tuberculosis sticks. Transported through dirty litter, drink, inventory. Refers to the group of the most terrible ailments, as the lungs, bronchi and other insects quickly affect.
Symptoms of tuberculosis are complete lack of appetite, weakness of the legs, apathy, characteristic skin education.
How to cure
Patients can not be cured. To stop the further spread of infection can only one way - the destruction of sick copies and the disinfection of the poultry.
It is unrealistic to eliminate tuberculosis with modern means. The only thing that can handle it is sunlight. Infected shed should be left open for a minimum of 2 months. Clean air and scattered rays of the sun will penetrate the room, gradually destroying the black stick.
Diseases suffer from white broad-necked.turkeys kept in poorly trimmed sheds, where geese or chickens lived before. The main danger of the disease in the lesion of the liver and the intestines.
Illness is manifested in the form of foamy diarrhea of greenish color. Turkey loses weight, refuses to eat, its back is contaminated, feathers are rubbing.
Furazolidone - use it against
fight methods The fight against liver and intestinal disease is required immediately after the first signals. Patients should be shed, rooms are disinfected. Treatment is carried out by "Osarzol" or "Furazolidon", adding them to the feed. In addition, it is recommended to deworming birds.
Small males( up to 14 days old) are susceptible to this disease. The symptoms of the illness are as follows: thirst, lethargy, lack of appetite, frequent squeak, weakness, yellow diarrhea.
How to treat
A disease is treated with antibiotics if it makes sense, as farmers often get rid of such chicks because of high mortality and treatment costs.
Indians up to 14 days prone to pallorosis
The disease afflicts many birds, including turkeys. Infection usually occurs through soil, equipment, water or feed. The danger of worms is that they quickly move from the digestive system to the respiratory system.
How to get rid of?
It is difficult to fight with them because of the lack of vivid symptoms. Experienced poultry keepers are advised to regularly carry out the sanatorium of the room, and when the obvious signs of the disease are detected - to boil the turkeys with "Phenothiazine" or "Piperazine sulfate".
Disease is transmitted through feed or water from infected chickens. Carriers can be bloodthirsty insects.
The first stages of the disease are marked by apathy and lethargy of the bird, it lowers the wings, clogs up in a shaded, cozy place. If you do not take action, then all open areas of the body and mucous membranes are covered with yellow spots.
Ways of Fighting
Treatment of smallpox does not exist. Patients and dead birds should be burned, and other individuals should be vaccinated. A good method for preventing smallpox is the vaccination of 6-week-old chickens.
Newcastle disease is a severe viral illness that affects young children very quickly. Most cases of infection end with a lethal outcome. It manifests itself in the form of paralysis of limbs and joints - turkeys are falling, they can not move their wings. They start with greenish or grayish diarrhea with a very unpleasant smell.
It is impossible to cure broad-breed turkeys from Newcastle disease. In some cases, you can try injection with Lozebal, but most likely birds will have to be isolated and eliminated.
Non-specific diseases of
Indigenous turkey diseases usually affect individual individuals and are the result of poor-quality breeding.
The disease appears in the form of a crowded bird goiter. Occurs in case of improper feeding, lack of chalk menu, shells, small pebbles.
How to cure?
Strangely enough, but quite simple, at first glance, virtually no treatment. Sufferers a hard donkey turkey no longer bites and dies of severe exhaustion.
A kind of hard goose is a gooseberries. That's the cure for the disease is quite real. It is a consequence of the use of a large amount of water or the wrong diet. Cure the bird can be a special diet and calm.
The name of the disease indicates a lack of vitamins. It manifests itself usually in the chicks in the form of inflammation of the mucosa, secretions from the beak, wet eyes, rickets.
Ways to Fight
Regaining health is possible only with vitamin injections. But it is better to carry out regular prevention by adding vitamin supplements to the feed.
Adding vitamins to feed will help not only to cure beriberi, but also to provide vivacity to birds
Punctuated appetite is another result of malnutrition. The white turkey begins to eat everything in succession: from sawdust to its own feathers.
A disease is easily seen constantly by hungry bird, which is in the quest for food every minute. If you do not take timely measures, then such an appetite will grow into curing the goiter.
How to cure?
The only correct way to fight will be balanced feeding and providing the turkey with all the necessary vitamins.
Problems with the legs in turkeys can bring them a lot of trouble. The main reason for their occurrence is content in a cold, damp room. First, rheumatism affects weak individuals: they cease to rise, they experience constant pain. The treatment may be supported by a warm dry microclimate in the smoker.
In some cases, the legs may be ill because of genetic failure. Such specimens must be discarded in a timely manner.
If the Hindus hurt their legs, they will slowly move
How to distinguish a healthy turkey from a patient?
In order to understand whether the turkey is sick or not, it is necessary to look at its appearance.
A healthy copy is always good, it has brilliant eyes and a smooth feather. He quickly moves around the courtyard or poultry house, proudly holding his head up.
What are the symptoms of a domestic turkey patient?
- It is very small and slowly moves, it is constantly falling.
- Do not like to be in the center of the pack, trying to hide in the corner.
- Has a shabby feathers and a foggy eye.
- The course of the feather is uncertain, shaky, the wings are lowered.
But in addition to the main evidence of an illness, there are several individual ones that relate to a particular disease( diarrhea, various secretions, etc.).
One of the most demanded breeds of turkeys is the meat of Jig 6( broilers).Its representatives gain up to 25 kg of weight. Very often turkeys are brewed specifically for meat, so the broiler breed is considered very beneficial.
But, when buying the Journey 6, it should be remembered that the Indians need special care and conditions of maintenance. Diseases of broilers will bring them one loss. Even if the chicks survive, they will never gain the weight they need.
Several prophylactic methods have been developed to protect meat turkeys from diseases.
- At the age from 6 to 11 days, the chicks are given antibiotics: 5 grams of "Tilana" or "Tilazina" for 10 liters of water, or 1 ml of "Baitrila" in 2 liters of water. After a month the procedure is repeated.
- 7-day turkeys are allowed to use vitamin D 3, which gives 3 consecutive days. After 40 days, the course is repeated. Required proportions are calculated from 1 gram of vitamin per liter of water.
- The race 6 is prone to aspergillosis. To prevent its occurrence will help "Nistatin"( 1 gram per 10 kg of food), which is added to food on the 15th, 16th, 17th day of life. The result is fixed by "Metronidazole"( 0.5 tablets per liter of water).
- Meat Indices require a course of vitamin complex( for example, "Chittonik"), which will increase immunity and protect against stress. Vitamins are diluted in water( 1 ml per liter) and give turkey 2 times a day for a week.
Only complying with all these requirements will protect large meat turkeys from unexpected ailments.
Turkey is a source of excellent dietary meat. To grow them is very profitable - the weight of some specimens reaches 30 kg. The only thing that can bring trouble is the potential diseases of the turkeys. Care will be taken to protect the pupils from ailments and ensure successful reproduction by careful, patient care, compliance with feed requirements and temperature in the poultry house.