All about taking care of newborn kittens - feeding, hygiene, maintenance
- 17 Nov 15:45
- Animal Care
Experienced cats owners know how interesting and touching it is to watch the newly born kittens. Tiny blind making loudly screaming and throbbing muzzles on all sides, and happy and proud cat-mom cares for them, melodic tickling.
If thekittens happily grow near the mother, then you have nothing to worry about: in the next three weeks - as long as the kids do not open their eyes and do not wake up an irrepressible thirst for knowledge of the world - all the troubles in feeding, hygiene and carewill take on a happy mother. But it happens, alas, and in a different way. There are situations in which newborns become orphans. Sometimes a fuzzy mum dies during childbirth. If a cat develops mastitis( inflammation of the mammary glands that prevents breastfeeding), then the kittens have to isolate from it, so as not to injure affected sites. It happens that compassionate people pick out barely live alive newborn kittens on the street, which other people( but rather, inhumane people) ruthlessly thrown into the garbage.
In all of these cases, it is necessary for a person to take extraordinary troubles in the emergence of cat fetuses. In order to successfully go out and grow kittens, you need to recreate the mother's behavior of a cat that, obeying a mighty natural instinct, solves the basic problems of baby care:
- nesting device
In the absence of mother cat, all these functions will have to be carried out.you. Newborn kittens are completely helpless, defenseless and very vulnerable. Any mistake in care can cost them their lives, so you must carefully follow certain rules of walking circus. Let's consider each of these points in more detail.
Preparing a place for newborn kittens
In a natural setting, a cat that is going to give birth finds a cozy place and builds a nest. Equip such a slot and you. Place for the "nursery" choose calm, in any case not in the aisle and not during. It is desirable not to be near the electrical appliances. It is convenient to use a box for shoes or a small basket for a nest. The container needs to be well warmed, putting inside a thick litter, keeps the heat. The bottom is better to lined up a few layers of paper, on which to put a woolen cloth and cover all the absorbent diaper made of natural material. The box can be stuck under a table or covered with a piece of fabric, creating a kind of cozy niche.
Feeding Newborn Kittens
A very troublesome and hard-working case is the artificial feeding of newborn kittens. The following aspects require careful attention and careful observance of the necessary conditions:
- composition of the nutritional mix
- feeding mode
- feeding method
It is important to remember: cow's milk is not absorbed by the body of a newborn kitten and is not suitable for feeding. As a feed you can use cream-diluted water( in a proportion of approximately 1: 2) or goat's milk. However, it's best to buy a ready-made mixture from a proven manufacturer in the pet store( for example, "Kitty Milk" from Beaphar).In the extreme case, it is possible to feed cat lice "human" milk mixtures, only to breed them is recommended by a lot of water than for children.
In the first week of life, kittens eat every two hours regardless of the time of day. For one feeding they suck up approximately one teaspoon of a mixture( 5 ml).Gradually the interval between meals increases. On the third week it is three hours, in the fourth - four, and only in the afternoon. After the third week, you can start giving lunch.
It is very important to adjust the feeding process itself so as not to disturb the baby's digestion. Natural outside of a kitten, a blue mother - lying on the small vein with a raised face and standing on the foot of his mother's belly. Try to reproduce this position as accurately as possible. To feed a kitten is best from a plastic disposable syringe without a needle or from a puncture-punched in several places a rubber bag from a pipette loaded on some small bubble. The syringe is better, because the available on its body of separation allows you to precisely control the amount of eaten. Just do not push the plunger too sharply, otherwise the kitten may choke. Dishes for feeding should always be perfectly clean and sterilized. Do not forget that the immunity of the kitten for artificial feeding is reduced, so it is vulnerable to all kinds of infections. Use the nutrient mixture only in the heat( t ≈ 36-39 ºC).
Understand that the crumb is full, just enough - sucking movements are becoming more sluggish, the baby falls asleep. After feeding, massage the kitten's stomach by stroking movements clockwise, so that it breaks the air and put into the nest.
Support for the body temperature of the newborn kitten
The second serious problem is maintaining the normal temperature of the kitten's body. The newborn's body does not have enough heat and does not have the mechanism of thermoregulation, therefore, children need a constant external source of heat - that's why in the natural environment, they constantly tullus to each other and to the fluffy mother's side. Overcooling is disastrous for kittens, since with a decrease in temperature stop vital processes( including digestive), and the kitten can perish. The warmth of the living body is the perfect heater for animals, so it's best they will feel like a host's bosom. If you can not provide them with this luxury, then a plastic bottle with hot water, fitted under the wool linoleum, will fit perfectly. Just keep the bottle cool. The normal body temperature of the sucker is approximately 37-38 ° C.
Finally, one more unpleasant care is hygiene kitten. Digestive and excretory systems of newborn kittens are not active enough, so in the first two to three weeks they do not have independent defecation and urination. You probably paid attention to how diligently and for a long time a cat licked his cubs. It is a tender and a bath, but it is also a stimulation of excretory reactions. In a rough and warm language, the cat lubricates the abdomen, genitals and anal area of the kitten, stimulating the operation of the appropriate sphincter. All the allocation of kittens she slips, so the nest is always clean. In addition, the cat's saliva has a bactericidal effect, preventing the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria on the skin of a kitten.
You will have to simulate this specific care using a mildew-moistened( very lightweight so as not to dry skin!) Tampon of natural coarse fabric( preferably linen).The fabric should be cleaned and sterilized using hot irons. After each feeding, treat the abdomen and anal area of the kitten to work up the intestines and bladder. The chair of a kitten should be 2 - 3 times a day, urination - after each meal. Pay attention to the color of the chair: in normal, it is light brown. Greenish tint indicates a slight overfeeding, gray - a strong overfeeding or the presence of infection. Approximately at three weeks, when the kittens finally open their eyes, and they will start walking and self-feeding, they will stabilize and self-correcting of the bladder and intestines. From that moment you can start learning the tray.
Wash the kitten face in the same way until it starts to wash itself. Take care not to bend your eyes, but if it does - wash them with a very weak solution of boric acid or green tea.
If you have the patience to do all of the above recommendations, then in four weeks you will have the pleasure of watching the merry, healthy, playful and infinitely charming creatures that are dedicated to the end of your cat's life as your mother. ..