How to water hydrangea for flowering
- 17 Nov 07:00
Among the great variety of indoor plants, it is worth mentioning the hydrangea. It is among the flower growers valued beautiful and bright blossoms. At the same time, if you know how to care for the plant, you can even change the colors of his buds. What thisflower represents and how to care for it, to get a good flower, will tell this article.
- 1 Description of hydrangea
- 2 How to water
- 3 Video "Growing flowers in pots"
- 4 How to water
- 5 Fertilizers and fodders
- 6 Video "Care and breeding hydrangea room"
Hydrangea, or as it is called-other Hydrageus, is a flowering plant, belongs to the family Hortenseae. Although some florists attribute it to the Kamnelomkiv family. It is worth noting that sometimes, under the name of hydrangea florists, the attention of representatives of the genus Schizophragma.
Today, this flower has about 35-80 species. In the wild, hydrangea is common in eastern and southern Asia, as well as in South and North America. At the same time, the greatest diversity is found in East Asia( Japan and China).Because of the specifics of its growth, in Europe this wonderful flower was only in the late XIX century. Originally imported varieties from Japan were used only as indoor plants, and only after the start of breeding hydrangea began to grow in gardens. As a result of breeding, there were many varieties that have become widespread in the world.
Many representatives of the hydrangea variety are shrubs, and can reach a height of 1-3 meters. This plant can look like a tree that grows up to 30 meters in height. Some varieties represent vines, which in the wild climb the trunks of trees. Representatives of the genus hydrangea are both evergreen and deciduous. In the temperate zone there are mostly deciduous species.
Hydrangea has many varieties that are grown today at home. Growing up in a pot, the flower is a shrub, whose height varies in the wide range from 50 cm to 1.5 meters. The flower bushes form sprawling and erect. The large leaves formed on the stalks fall. Inflorescences are spherical or broad pyramidal form. In this case, their diameter may not exceed 15 cm.
As a domestic plant, this flower blooms a rather long period of time( from spring to late fall).The colors of the buds depend on the type of plant. All flowers have a similar look of flowering - spherical inflorescences, which are collected according to the type of vulture and the shield. The overwhelming majority of the varieties of hydrangea have two types of flowers:
- , small fertile and fruit-bearing flowers. They are located in the middle;
- is a large sterile and infertile flower that is concentrated around the edges.
In this part of plants there are only fruitful flowers of the same size. Most often the color of the inflorescences of this flower flower is white. But some species of varieties, such as Hydrangea Large-leafed, can form flowers of blue, red, lilac and pink. To get these colors you need to slightly change the care of the plant. The color of inflorescences depends largely on the soil pH( pH):
- in the acidic soils of the hydrangea inflorescence will have a blue color;
- on neutral soils - the color of the inflorescence will be pale beige;
- in alkaline medium - the color of the flowers becomes purple or pink.
After the flowering period, a fruit is formed that looks like a 2-5-split box with a large amount of small seeds. Indoor hydrangea can be called unpretentious plant, which care is reduced to the following important aspects:
- temperature regime. Care includes an exception to the conditions of maintaining high temperatures. Winter care provides for a temperature range of 10-12 ° C;
- frequent watering. It is a moisture-loving plant, much of its care;
- provides frequent watering.
If caring for hydrangea was done correctly, the plant will please you with its beauty of its inflorescences( the color will be saturated) and health.
How to water
Being very wet-loving plant, hydrangea in its care requires frequent and abundant irrigation. Summer care involves the most regular watering. In a week, hydrangea is to be watered at least twice. If a little bit of peat is poured into the pot from the top, it will reduce the loss of moisture and allow watering a little less.
In the spring or autumn care you need to change a bit. At this time, indoor hydrangea should be watered moderately. And in the winter it is necessary to constantly monitor the absorption of moisture by the soil, since at this time it is easy to fill the flower and it will begin to rot the roots.
It is necessary to water a flower when drying the ground. This care involves avoiding the formation of earth crust. Watering should be done in the evening and in the morning. This is due to the fact that direct sunlight adversely affects the health of hydrangea. Also, florists note that the departure in terms of watering should not be excessive, otherwise the bay flower, you create a kind of shock to him.
Video "Growing flowers in pots"
How to water
Many experts note that hydrangea should be watered with rainwater. But this statement is more about the cultivars grown in the open ground. But for indoor plants, it is necessary to use residual water. Do not apply watering with cold water. It is best to use a water-proof water at room temperature so as not to cause a shock to the flower.
So, in the plan of watering the given kind of indoor plants has the following rules:
- for soft water is used for watering. If rainwater is not available, then simply boil water. You can just defend it well;
- water temperature should not be too cold or warm. An excellent option is room temperature.
It is also worth noting that changing the water characteristics for watering, it is possible to change the color of the buds. For example, this way you can get pink or blue inflorescence. Most often flower growers tend to get the blue color of buds. For this, in the soil should be aluminum, and in an accessible form for plants. Such conditions are possible in the presence of acidic reaction in the soil( pH not lower than 5,5).
In this case, an additional addition of the element itself is necessary. It can be combined with water in aluminum sulfate( 15 g / l).Add this substance to water during the entire growing season. Often, instead of aluminum sulfate, you can use potassium salts. To achieve the desired result, it is necessary to moisten the soil with ordinary clean water before watering. Using various substances in watering can achieve flowering with pink buds.
Fertilizers and Livestock Supplies
One more important point in caring for indoor hydrenzaemia is the addition of fertilizers. This plant is very fond of nutrition. To make fertilizers in a pot is necessary at certain periods of development of a flower. This is especially important during the formation of inflorescences or shoots.
It is during these periods that the plant needs nutrients most acutely. The best time for topping up is summer. At this time in hydrangea, abundant flowering is observed. The following fertilizers( mineral and organic) can be used to fertilize hydrangea:
- ammonium sulfate;
- potassium sulfate;
- superphosphate, etc.
Specialty stores can find special fertilizers that are intended for plants of the hydrangea family. They contain an optimal set of nutrients( macro - and trace elements).
In addition, the fertilization of the flower can be made with a weak solution of manganese. To water such a solution is necessary young bushes 1-2 times a month. The scheme of fertilizing for this flower follows the form:
- first dressing - with the advent of the spring;
- second dressing - in June;
- third dressing - at the beginning of flowering.
It is not necessary to feed a plant in the winter. Taking the recommendations above, you can correctly organize the main stages of caring for hydrangea and get a beautiful, healthy and flowering indoor plant that will please the eye and lift your mood.
Video "Care and Breeding Hydrangea Room"
In order to properly grow this flower at home, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the material specified in the video. It contains useful tips and practical tips.