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Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

Swans are beautiful waterfowl, the largest of all existing on earth at present. What kinds of swans are there and what each of them is interesting, we will tell you in our review.

Contents

  • 1 Overview of
    • 1.1 Black Swan( Cygnus atratus)
    • 1.2 Blackhead Sword( Cygnus melanocoryphus)
    • 1.3 Swan Cygnus olor
    • 1.4 Swan Cycnus
    • 1.5 Cygnus buccinator
    • 1.6 Cygnus columbianus
    • 1.7 Cygnus bewickii
    • 1.8 Interesting facts about the swans
  • 2 Video "Prague swans on the Vltava river"

Overview of the species

Currently, there are seven types of swans: black, American, clickin, spruce, black man, small and swan trumpeter. Both males and females of the same species are practically the same size, so inexperienced eyes or can distinguish them. An interesting feature of all kinds is that swans almost always create monogamous pairs. Cubs are raised together by caregivers until they are two years old.

Black Swan( Cygnus atratus)

Lives in the entire southwestern part of the Australian continent, in New Zealand and North America( mainly in nature reserves).Nests a bird in the swamps, in the mouths of rivers, and lives in captivity in the zoos of the world. Despite the beauty and limited habitat, the black swan is not listed in the Red Book. Females are slightly smaller males, in both representatives type black plumage, red beak. Adult individuals reach a weight of 9 kg, the length of the length - up to 142 cm. In the wild, this species lives up to 10 years.

Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

Blackhead Swan( Cygnus melanocoryphus)

The neck of this species representative is painted in black, the other is a snow-white body, a gray beak with an uplift. Weight of an adult reaches 6.5 kg, length - up to 140 cm. There is a black swan on shallow islands or in a reed, where nests are built. In captivity life expectancy of individuals reaches 30 years, and in the wild - up to 10. Males carefully guard the female during hatching eggs. The black-haired chicks are very active, often moving, sitting on their mother's or father's back.

Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

The Cygnus olor

One of the great types along with black. An adult representative of his species can gain weight up to 15 kg in park conditions and up to 13 in the wild. Wingspan - about 2.5 meters. The color is white, the ocher-colored head, the red beak with the nail, the paws of black color. The young man has a brownish color, gradually changed white to 3 years old. You can find out the spin on a thick neck in the form of the Latin letter "s".

Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

Cygnus cygnus

Large bird with a weight reaching 12 kg. The wingspan is about 2.4 meters long, the body is at least 155 cm long, the neck and trunk of approximately one length. A distinctive feature is the lemon beak, black at the end. The color of the bird is white, however, young swans of this kind are gray with a head of dark color. The neck is always kept straight, do not bend like spikes. Form a couple for life, and the male often remains alone, until the end of life in case of death of the female, and vice versa. In captivity, the life of a clicks reaches 30 years.

Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

The Cygnus buccinator

The tuber is similar to the clickin outsole, but the color of its beak is completely black. The feather is white, the body weight reaches 13 kg, and the length - up to 180 cm. At the end of the spring, the trumpeters begin the breeding season, while the female sits on the nest exactly for a month. In total for the period of hatching, she is able to postpone 9 eggs. In slavery, trumpeters live up to 30 years, and in the wild - up to 10.

Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

American Swan( Cygnus columbianus)

The smallest representative of all kinds. Its dimensions do not exceed 146 cm in length, and the weight reaches 10 kg. It looks like a click, but its neck is shorter, its dimensions are more modest, and the head has a rounded shape. Beak yellow with an admixture of black. When sucking a nest female, the male jealously protects her. Nest American swans on the outskirts of the reservoirs, in the moss plots of the tundra. Longevity is about 29 years.

Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

Small Swan( Cygnus bewickii)

Externally similar to the click, the length of the body - 140 cm, the width of the wings - 200-210 cm, the beak is short, yellow and black. Feature: drawing on the beak is individual for each individual of the same species. Endemic to Russia, in particular, for Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula. Its characteristics are similar to the tundra American. The term of life in captivity is up to 20 years. A rare bird is included in the Red Book of the RF.

Overview of the types of swans: their description, photos and videos

Interesting facts about the swans

  • The luck of the birds is nasty, they are insolent and badly go to people.
  • Like to navigate through the water, on the land awkward.
  • In Britain, swine culling is prohibited by law, and all birds of these species are considered to be the property of the royal family.
  • Sometimes black swans can create homosexual pairs. After laying eggs, such a pair can even drive a female to sow the egg one by one.
  • The warmer the region of residence, the color of the bird is darker.
  • These birds are wonderful parents. They keep babies up to 2 years old, helping them find their own food and take care of them.
  • Adult bird can attack a person and even break his bone.
  • Video «Prague Swans on the Vltava River»

    A catchy video about the most beautiful birds living on the waterfront of Vltava.

    What kind of swans do you like most?

    • Black Swan
    • Black Swan
    • Sword-Shiman
    • Swan-Clickun
    • Swan-trumpeter
    • American Swan
    • Small Swan

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