Dendrobium phylogeny: care, photo, reproduction
- 16 Nov 20:00
Orchid, literally - "lives on trees".This is the most numerous, diverse type of plant numbering up to one and a half thousand. The palette and shapes can satisfy any, even the most captivating taste. Dendrobium is one of the most distinct from other species. I wonder why the?
- 1.1 Description of the Difference
- 1.2 Dendrobium phalaenopsis.
- 2 Care
- 2.1 Conditions of
- 2.2 Light
- 2.3 Temperature
- 2.4 Irrigation
- 2.5 Fertilizer
- 2.6 Spraying
- 2.7 Reproduction
- 2.8 Transfer
- 2.9 Cookware
Dendrobium live mainly in Indonesia, Southeast Asia, Thailand, Sri Lanka. It differs from other orchids by its structure, growth, color of flowers, their shape. Some species reach several millimeters, others - up to two meters.
Here are some hybrids that are specifically developed for keeping and growing at home:
- Dark Lilac
- is noble.
All about 15 groups are divided. Certain species are completely released from the leaves before flowering. Then they resemble a dried plant. This is a period of tranquility. After this phase it grows green again. Dendrobium is found evergreen.
The homeland of this sympathetic semi-hilined species is New Guinea, Northern Australia. Its shoots, like a cluster of grapes, can freely hang down, or grow upright. Has an expanded tip of pseudobulb. The function of tubers is the accumulation of moisture and nutrients during the rainy period. When drought, the flower feeds on it.
The number of sheets - from two to five. They are long, located at the top. Many flowers of different diameters: 3 - 7 cm.appear directly from the top. Their petals are wide. Color - shades from pink to purple-crimson. They come in both fragrant and odorless. Flowering: July - December. Each period lasts 2-7 weeks. The lobe is narrow, darker, trilopatically.
With the proper care of Dendrobium phylogeny in the house, it can delight you with its beauty for up to 8 years. What do you need to do for such results?
This variety of orchids requires the slightest concern, compared to others. If you adhere to the loyal regimes, there will be practically continuous flowering. In winter it slows down somewhat.
The plant can withstand any climatic conditions. However, the sun's rays, the more direct, it is better to exclude. The south-eastern side will be optimal. Experiment: for some time, put a flower on different windowsills. Watch out where your plant will be most comfortable. In winter, the lighting is decreasing. If it is completely bad, then a complete cessation of growth is possible. Therefore, you need to use an additional artificial light.
The temperature of the
by dendrobium phylogeny can be called a gadget. It can live at + 10 ° C, and at + 42 ° C, rebuilding under different modes. Ideal to choose a moderate, + 18 / + 25 ° C.The main thing is the night temperature. Humidity should be high enough, at least 70%.So the plant is well absorbing the carbon dioxide required for lush flowering, health.
The need for watering depends directly on temperature and lighting. The higher these parameters, the more abundant, the more often it is necessary to water. Brightness and water speed up metabolism.
However, in high-quality watering, but in low light, moisture can accumulate velemene - the upper layer of the root. Then it does not pass, which leads to rotting the plant. Therefore, the cold period Dendrobium phalaenopsis will cost less watering.
Water is taken from the hot tap as soft, because there are less harmful substances. Or the distilled water supply and 1: 1 water supply. Optimally use the method of "hot shower".The average water temperature should be 35-4 ° C 0. Let it completely drain from the roots. The next watering - after a complete drying of the plant. It all depends on how long it is drinking moisture. If it's hot, it can be 2-3 days. In cloudy weather - up to 20 days. On average, a week goes on to assimilate nutrients.
While you have no experience, define the required terms, use a wooden stick. It must be planted in the ground to the bottom. If the stick is dry, water it. Remember that the substrate in the center dries more slowly than the top or bottom. Such conditions, close to the natural, have a beneficial effect on the life of your ward.
Feed dandrium phalaenopsis during active growth every third watering. Uses special fertilizers with "orchid" markings. Usual here are not suitable. Take half of the required concentration( it is indicated on the package).Carefully monitor the reaction of the flower. This kind of orchid is very sensitive to salts. When overfed, darkening with abrasion is possible. Optimal concentration when all substances are taken in equal parts. To produce young sprouts, more nitrogen is needed. When they grow half way - add more phosphorus.
This kind of care for Dendrobium phylogeny is used both for increasing the humidity of the air, so for the surface recharge, stirring the fertilizer with water. In the heat, spray only the outer part of the leaves to cool them. The inner part contains stomata that take part in gas exchange. Getting there moisture leads to their disclosure. This is undesirable, especially in winter.
Plant of the plant propagates vegetatively: cuttings and dividing the bush. In the latter way, shoots with roots are separated. Everyone should have 2-3 pseudobulbs. The so-called delenka is placed in a separate dish, watered. Required temperature - 20-22 ° C.
Reproduction with cuttings is suitable for deciduous orchids. Bulbs are divided into parts, each leaving 2-3 knots. They are covered with moss until the roots appear. Then transplanted into substrate. For two weeks do not water, spraying air around the plant. The temperature of the contents is -25 ° C.
Dendrobium phalanxis does not like transplant. This is an extreme measure. For example, when growing up, small dishes become. Do it before active growth, February-March.
Used in the store substrate, or cook yourself. Suit a mixture of small charcoal, peat, sphagnum, shingles of pine or hardwood, fertilizers.
Transplant Dendrobium phalaenopsis into a plastic, ceramic, clay pot of small volume. The color of the container is light. A variety of holes in the dishes provide good circulation of air, light access.
At the bottom of the waterproof drainage - a bit of brick, crushed stone, pieces of foam. From above lay the ground, without utrambovyvaniya. The center of the pot should also have a thick layer of drainage. This ensures the substrate's fluidity.
November Dendrobium phalaenopsis is placed in baskets with ferns, or on boards. Such dishes are suspended, as the stems of such orchids hang down. So they will get the maximum amount of lit space.
Spraying the leaves with the surface of the soil after spraying. When there are roots, you can regularly watered. Photo Dendrobium phylogeny is unlikely to give you all the beauty of this exotic. But you will have an idea of this kind of orchid.