- 14 Nov 04:00
Daisies are one of the most common and favorite for growing in open ground colors. This type of flowering plants is known since ancient times. For example, in medieval Germany, there was such a tradition: with the spring, residents raised the cups and praised her goddess. Festivecups were decorated with flowers of daisies. Knights of the Middle Ages proudly portrayed daisies on their shield, because it meant that their choir said "Yes."
On honeymoons margarines were placed on the table, they cleaned their homes. Girls and women used them to decorate their outfits. The daisies are sung in verses and songs surrounded by the halo of legends, fairy tales and retellings. Centuries have passed, but the fame of daisies has not died. They still decorate our flower beds and are valued for their charm and elegance.
Since early spring, at the same time as hyacinths, daffodils and tulips, they rejoice us with their own colors. Despite the small size, daisies are rightfully considered one of the most modest but elegant and beautiful spring flowers.
The name of the daisies is due to the ancient Greeks, who, observing the flowering plants among the green grass on meadows and meadows, called them pearls. In the Greek language, the pearl sounds like "margarites".
At present, there are about 15 kinds of daisies, united in the same genus. Among them there is one and two-year plants. In wild form, daisies are annual plants. All cultivated species are two-year-olds. The explanation for this is loss of quality qualities and further degradation of plants.
Flowering daisies begins in early May and ends at the end of July. In the southern regions, the period of flowering is more prolonged. Flowers of daisies can be seen there even in the fall. Early flowering is due to the fact that the plant well tolerates wintering, perfectly keeping in the snow, and quickly go to the spring in spring.
Varieties of daisies
The basis of the classification of daisies varieties are several parameters:
- terms and types of flowering
- species and forms of inflorescences
- diameter and color of flowers
- features of the structure of leaves
One of the most striking and interesting varieties can be called Rob Roy Habanet, Rominnet, Robelle, Pompnett and Ze Pearl.
Daisies are unpretentious. Originally from meadows and meadows, they do not require special care in garden conditions. And yet, for the breeding of these plants, better areas with light drained soils and open areas for the sun.
"Pearls" require regular watering, feeding, timely weeding and removal of blooming buds. In the absence of care plants weaken, their flowers become small, less vivid. Propagated daisies by division of bush and seeds.
Attention: daisies are prone to rapid growth. In the absence of control, they are able, like weeds, to "capture" neighboring areas.
Diseases and Pests
Daisies are rarely ill. But in the absence of proper care and adverse weather conditions, they can be infected with viruses. These diseases are not subject to treatment. The diseased plant is better to destroy, preventing the spread of the disease from other plants. Among the few pests of daisies, we can name the aphids, spider mites and mice, which in the winter do not mind to treat them with roots.