How does peanuts grow in nature and at home?
- 13 Nov 09:30
Peanuts - a plant of American origin belonging to the Bean family. To date, this food culture is very valuable. Growing peanuts in southern countries is carried out for industrial purposes. The fruits are used both in raw form and roasted. Many gardeners plant peanuts at home. This process is fairly simple and accessible to everyone. But where and how peanuts grow, surely not everyone knows.
Where is peanuts growing in nature?
The most optimal conditions created by nature for the successful cultivation of this culture, located in the south of America. A distinctive feature of the plant in this family is that its fruit ripens in the ground. In cultured form, peanuts are an annual plant in the form of a bush with a large number of stems. The leaves have a pale-shaped shape, flowers are small with a yellow tinge.
Peanut cultivation at home is carried out according to a certain technology:
- Land for planting. It is recommended to plant nuts in a sunny place with nutritious soil. This southern plant is able to enrich the earth.
- Temperature mode. Landing requires a temperature within 15-20 degrees. At reduced temperature, the nut ceases to grow and develop. In conditions with a cool climate plants are covered with a transparent film.
- The nuts are cultivated in a ground warmed up to fifteen degrees of heat. The yield of peanuts can be increased by planting pre-soaked seeds in a single capacity. The laying of seeds is carried out at a depth of up to three centimeters. It is best to plant nuts in the middle of April. As soon as the seeds sprout and strengthen, they are planted in open ground. Planting peanuts at home is carried out according to the following scheme: the distance between the rows should be at least 50 cm, between plants - 20 cm. The recipe of this culture is a very short flowering period, which lasts only one day. The flowers are blooming early in the morning, and in the evening fade away. During this time, they should have time to sink. Immediately after pollination, formed ovaries are closed in the ground. In such an environment will mature fruit.
- After the peduncle has fallen into the ground, the nut is crocheted in the same way as the potatoes.
- In the period of flowering, walnut requires frequent and abundant watering. Once the plant is blooming, it is watered only in a dry period.
The young peanut stairs like to enjoy the domestic birds. They can completely destroy the landing.
At this time, the nut needs special care and attention to prevent such a sad outcome of events.
Disease Prevention and Pest Management
In order to grow a successful and fertile peanut at home, it needs timely and competent system care, which consists of regular peeling, soil loosening and fertilizing.
In the process of growing peanuts can sprout the spider mite and aphids. But this happens very rarely. Most often the cultivation of this plant in the home occurs without the appearance of any diseases and pests.
As soon as the leaves and stems of the plant begin to turn yellow and dry, then it's time to harvest. Usually harvesting falls in the middle of September. Walnuts are dug with the earth. Then properly shake and put in a dry room. The fruits are dried together with a bush. At the end of ten days, it is possible to separate nuts from the shell, lightly fry and eat.
As you can see, growing this nutritious and very useful crop in the home - the process is quite simple and does not require much effort and cost. All that is needed for plants is the right place of growth and timely care.