Treatment of infectious stomatitis in rabbits
- 25 Jun 17:30
- What is stomatitis
- Symptoms and diagnosis
- Treatment and prevention
Rabbits are cute and attractive animals.
And if you notice stomatitis in therabbits, treatment should begin immediately. Only in this case will be guaranteed a successful and rapid recovery.
What is STASTHATIC
Infectious stomatitis is a viral disease of rabbits, which is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth.
Also, the disease is called vesicle stomatitis, the "wet muzzle".It is accompanied by a disease of strong secretion of saliva. The infectious agent is a filtering virus.
The most frequent infiltration of the virus in the body is associated with an unsanitary nature: with a rare cleansing of cells, nausea and nourishment, lack of disinsection.
Most often the virus affects young rabbits at the age of three months. If the pet showed signs of stomatitis, you should immediately isolate it from other animals. Adults are sick extremely rarely.
Stomatitis occurs in rabbits of any breed. Develops at any time of the year. The decline in the disease occurs in the winter, which is due to a smaller number of young animals. With the presence of rabbits on the farm, there is a probability of infecting all young individuals from one spit. It is therefore important to immediately pay attention to the health of small pupils.
Infection may occur in the mild and severe form.
In the first case, the disease quickly and easily cured, in the second case, infectious stomatitis in rabbits takes a long and painful. Frequent and fatal cases.
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Symptoms and diagnosis
If the rabbit is ill with stomatitis, then this can be determined by the symptoms characteristic of the disease. In the first place, the language of the animal suffers. On the body there is a raid, the color becomes white or gray-red. Later the tongue is covered with ulcers, there is a strong salivation. A few days later - and the pet's muzzle turns red, the wool around the mouth, the breast is constantly wet from the saliva.
The rabbit's lifestyle changes: it becomes apathy, sluggish, practically does not move, sits in one place. Sores in the language cause itching, so the pupil is constantly scratching the muzzle. In addition, rashes cause discomfort and pain, so the rabbit practically does not eat or drink. All this leads to rapid weight loss. Also, problems with bowel work begin. Hence, not far from the diarrhea.
As soon as these symptoms are detected, the rabbit should be immediately separated from other animals. After that you need to immediately take the pet to the vet. Only timely professional help will help diagnose and cure an infection. You can determine the presence of the virus by analyzing blood, urine or saliva.
In a mild form, the rabbit is ill for 10-12 days, after a week the condition is noticeably improved. If the illness proceeds in severe form, then a high probability of a pupil's death is 4-5 days.
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Treatment and prevention
If an infectious stomatitis develops in a rabbit, the treatment consists of the following procedures:
Veterinarians also prescribe a special ointment consisting of 30 g of lanolin, 2 m of sulfamide, 170 g of white vaseline and 200 000 penicillin units.
In a veterinary clinic, more radical and effective methods are used: the rabbit is injected. For the treatment of the animal, only one injection of penicillin is done. The injection is administered either subcutaneously or intramuscularly in the amount of 20,000 and 40,000 penicillin, respectively.
To reduce the risk of developing infectious stomatitis, preventive measures are needed. Firstly, it is necessary to isolate the diseased animal from healthy animals. Secondly, pupils must be kept clean. It is necessary to constantly clean the cage, clean the old bedding, wash the drinking bowl and feeder. Third, you need to feed the rabbits properly. This will not only save them from stomatitis, but will also significantly increase their immunity. Fourthly, it is recommended to add some iodine or manganese to drink in water.
Excellent anti-inflammatory properties possess infusions of oak, chamomile, calendula, sage.
The peak in the disease occurs in autumn and spring, so this period should be especially attentive.
Thus, infectious stomatitis can lead to mournful consequences. To avoid this, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. In the event of an illness, you should contact the vet immediately.