TrakhikarpusCare and Reproduction
- 12 Nov 01:30
Trakhikarpus is a beautiful, fragrant palm that is found in the Crimea. In the genus there are 8 kinds of palm trees, but this species is common on the Crimean peninsula, as the soft climate of the southern coast allows it to be planted in open ground. It is distributed in Canada, New Zealand. Inopen soil, it begins to bloom in May-June. If you grow trachycarpus at home,
The great feature of trachikarpus is the high frost resistance. Only it can calmly withstand the temperature to -10 degrees. Unfortunately, other representatives of the Palm family are not as winter-proof. Trachikarpus is an ornament of greenhouses. If allowed conditions, this palm can be grown as a houseplant.
Unfortunately, not everyone will be able to grow Trachikarpus at home. It is not suitable for city apartments. A grown palm takes too much space. It reaches a height of 2.5 meters. The crumble is not inferior to the length of the palm tree. Therefore, trachycarpus is better to grow in a winter garden, a greenhouse, an office or a large house. Urban residents may not be in despair. If this type of palm is so pleasing, it can be grown in a small apartment, as it develops quite slowly. With good care, Trachikarpus will be pleased with its beauty.
Care of Trachikarpus
Temperature. Trachikarpus loves warmth and fresh air. The ideal temperature for it is 18-25 degrees of heat. In the summer it is better to bring the plant to the street, there the palm will feel better. If there is no such opportunity, you can put it on the balcony, loggia. In the room, she will also be comfortable, just do not forget to ventilate the room where she is located.
It's harder to care for the palm tree in winter. This is a street plant that is accustomed to negative temperatures. At home, it is necessary to monitor that the room temperature was not higher than 16 degrees. High temperatures in the winter can damage the plant. In the cold season, trachycarpus can withstand -10 degrees. But this applies only to palm trees with a formed barrel. If the palm is in the initial stage of development, it will die from low temperature.
Lighting. Trakhikarpus prefers a bright but scattered light. The palm can grow great with a lack of light. It is also suitable for half a dozen. The plant will suffer from direct sunlight during the heat. This should not be allowed to damage the palm tree. If the plant appears yellow or brown spots, it should be transplanted into a less lit place.
To maintain symmetry, the plant is rotated around the axis twice a month. After that, the palm tree will grow nicely and proportionately.
Watering. Trachikarpus needs moderate irrigation. This plant in the natural environment perfectly tolerates drought, so excessive watering will lead to disastrous consequences. During irrigation it is necessary to look, to ascend the top layer of the ground. Do not allow water to fall on the tree's crown. Particularly careful to water the plant in cold weather with a lack of light.
It is not necessary to pour a plant. This leads to rotting the roots. The palm is darkening. The plant may perish. Excessive watering is the main cause of death of palm trees. It is impossible to trachikarpus sitting in the water. The excess fluid from the saucer should be poured out. If the palm does not have enough moisture, the tips of the young leaves begin to die, and the elder ones are yellowish.
Preference should be given to soft water. It is better to water with rainwater. The plant reacts painfully to the water from the tap, the palm does not tolerate chlorine and mineral salts. Neutralize the lime connections will help keep away, filtered water. To tap water you can add a little citric acid. It will be suitable for irrigation if it stays hard for 24 hours.
Humidity. Trachikarpus likes high humidity. The plant should not be sprayed at low air temperatures and lack of light. This contributes to the growth of fungal diseases. It is advisable to place a water tank next to a palm to maintain moisture. And once a month, the palm can be pampered with a warm shower.
Feeding. Trachikarpus needs to be fed. Mineral or organic fertilizers are introduced for four months - from April to August. Once in three weeks will be enough. It is necessary to ensure that the fertilizers are not too concentrated.
Transplant. Palma is transplanted if necessary. Such a need arises when trachikarpus does not have enough space in the old pot, the roots begin to act. It should be borne in mind that the plant does not need a complete transplant. The palm is partially transplanted or transplanted, while watching the land remain on the roots. Transplant the plant in a loose soil. It is needed, so that the water in the pallet does not stagnate, it passed well through the ground. When preparing the soil mixture, use coarse-grained sand. For these purposes a great perlite will fit. Also, its composition should include sod and compost land, humus. Do not forget and good drainage.
Reproduction. Trachikarpus better reproduces vegetatively. Probably reproduction of seeds, but it takes too much time. It should be remembered that the seeds for planting have a certain period. They will lose their properties already in ten months from the moment of collection. This should be taken into account when buying seeds, paying attention to the period of their suitability.
A vegetative way of reproducing is simpler. With proper care, over time, it provides a process that is suitable for reproduction. When separating the processes, care should be taken to avoid damage to the parent plant. To do this, use an acute knife that needs to be disinfected or fired on fire before reproduction. It is very important not to damage the main barrel during branching of the appendix. Leaves from the received line are cut off. The bottom cut is treated with powder "Kornevin".After that, the cuttings are transplanted into coarse sand or friable.
It should be remembered that only healthy well-grown plants can grow a healthy plant. The most suitable are layouts with a diameter of seven centimeters. For the rooting process, a high temperature is required - about 27-28 degrees. It should be kept in a damp substrate. You must choose a penumbra for the drain. If you follow all the rules, the dweller will take root six months later. In other cases, this will take at least a year.
Terms of Conscience. To make Trachikarpus attractive, care must be taken carefully for its beautiful decorative foliage. It becomes less attractive to dust and dirt. When moisture gets to the leaves there are ugly spots. To clean the leaves you can use chemical agents. They have a detrimental effect on the health of the palm tree. The plant can be groomed with a soft, damp cloth. A solution of oxalic acid is well suited. However, after such a procedure, trachycarpus requires a warm shower. After finishing the leaves should be wiped dry.
To make Trachikarpus look good, it requires periodic cropping. They spend it neatly. Crop the leaves that look up. You also need to get rid of broken and dead leaves. When the sheet dies, changing the color can not categorically crop it. They help the palm get extra nutrition. It is important not to overdo when cutting the leaves. If during the year leaves grows less, it is not necessary to cut them too much.
No less important is the removal of emerging processes, if there is no desire to multiply the palm tree. They inhibit the growth of trachikarpus, take off the forces.
Pests. A lot of pests in the beautiful palm tree. She is prone to attacks of aphids, mildew, turbot, leaf-eating insects, shields.