Balsamic balsam Nana( nana).Description, tips for planting and care
- 09 Nov 06:00
North America is home to North America, it can be found here in swamps. How a cultivated plant has been grown since 1850.The name of the fir-tree Abies-abh, translated from the Indo-Germans, means abundance. Branches of the fir are densely covered with needles and are very branching, and this is indeed the abundance ofaromatic green needles.
Characteristics of nail fir
- Adult tree size: height up to one meter at the age of ten, crown diameter up to two meters.
- The pace of growth: growing very slowly, the acceleration of growth promotes regular fertilization, irrigation and sunshine for planting.
- Necessity of irrigation: likes moisture, does not withstand drought, it is necessary regular watering in the absence of rain. To reduce the evaporation of moisture, the soil around the tree is mulch, sprinkling with sawdust.
- Soil requirements: prefer sour or neutral loam soils, you can use special earthenware mixtures for coniferous plants.
- Relation to light: shadows, but also grows well in sunny open areas.
- Frost resistance: High frosts tolerate well. To protect against breaking of branches under the weight of snow, in the winter set a special frame.
- Pests: Affected by fir-spruce Hermes.
- Landing: planting seedlings from March to November of the month in a suitable soil for coniferous species, avoiding sandy soils.
- Care and protection: Regular watering, preventive treatments against hermes, feeding if necessary for young plants is recommended.
- Use: Used for decoration of small gardens, landscaping of roofs, loggias, balconies, alpine slides. Traditional decoration for Christmas and New Year holidays. Folk Medicine.
This is a small tree that looks like a shrub attracts a wonderful scent of pine needles, an unusual color and a neat dense crown. Crown shape or conical round. Dark green needles of fir have on the underside two blue and white stripes, the middle and the edge of the needle are lighter - yellowish-green color. The height of the tree from fifty centimeters to a meter, grows very slowly. Its maximum size reaches forty years. Life expectancy of three hundred years. It is grown by amateurs in the open ground, in containers, in winter gardens and on roofs of buildings.
Fibers of fir - reddish-yellow cones, five to ten inches in length.
Temperature, illumination, soil. The tree is unpretentious. Shadow-tolerant, frost-resistant, resistant to strong winds. Likes cool and wet places. The soil prefers friable, fertile with acid or neutral medium. Does not like sandy soil and high temperature of air and drought.
Watering. In the absence of rain requires additional plentiful watering. Watering the fir is required by the settled water twice a week. Since the dwarf fir does not like the compacted soil, the soil around the tree regularly scoop the bayonet shovels on the floor, for mulching the sawdust or peat for additional moisture preservation. It is not necessary to dig at the trunk itself, so as not to damage the root system.
Formation of fir. The branches of the tree are quite strong, but with a large amount of snow in the winter can break. To prevent this, install support. Smereka is very sensitive to heavily polluted urban air, so it is better not to plant it in the industrial zone. The pruning of the fir for the formation of the crown does not produce, as it does not lead to branching. Form the tree by removing the central kidney of the side shoots in the fall. In the winter, young plants are covered with severe frosts.
Pests and diseases. Fir is resistant to diseases. When the plant is weakened due to adverse weather conditions or rare irrigation, it may be struck by fir-spruce hermes. This is manifested in the yellowing of the needles. On hooves of the diseased plant you can notice small black insects and white lumps similar to cotton wool. The disease begins most often in the spring. When detecting its signs, fir should be sprayed with insecticides of systemic action.
Balsamic fir firing
Fir seedlings, grown independently from seeds or purchased in a nursery, are planted in open ground from the beginning of spring to late autumn. The best earthen mixture at landing will be the combination of three parts of clay, three parts humus, one part of the peat and one part of the sand. If the ground, which is planted with fir, is not loose enough on the bottom of the plant to drain the gravel and add sawdust.
To fertilize a planted tree it is required not less than two years later, mineral fertilizers for coniferous trees, so that it grows better. When planting, you can also add a little mineral fertilizer. The fir, planted in a container, is transplanted with the growth of the root system in a large capacity. Although the plant is shady, it loves sunlight and grows well in an open, lit place.