Hortense in a pot: we grow at home
- 08 Nov 02:45
Hydrangea - a culture belonging to the Hydrangea family and the genus Flower. There are 80 species, many of which are found only in warm countries. Room types of flowers are not like trees, or vines, garden. How to grow such a miracle, take into account all the nuances, how to reproduceplants and other aspects you will find in our article.
- 1 Growth conditions
- 2 Watering and transplanting
- 3 Video "Seed selection before planting"
- 4 Light and temperature
- 5 Ways of multiplication of
- 6 Flatterers on the note
- 7 Video "Indoor hydrangea. Care »
If you create optimal conditions for hydrangea, it will bloom abundantly and for a long time. Most often, florists choose large-flowered hydrangea - a perennial shoemaker with inflorescences, shaped like balls, located on stems in the size of 40 cm - 1, 5 m.
Take care of the choice of place - it should be sufficiently lit, cool, room, but necessarily withoutdraftsThe plant has an oriental origin, which can not make it thermophilic - high temperatures in the summer can have negative consequences. In strong heat it is very frustrating to spray. Indoor Hydrangea falls asleep with the advent of the winter, and this stage ends in the spring. Currently, plants do not need frequent irrigation and fertilization.
After flowering it can be cut and cut. In the spring, spend a partial crop - to get rid of non-viable and have excessive length of the shoots. At other times, regular and abundant watering is required. Do not forget with the advent of buds fertilize the soil. For young plants an important role is played by annual transplants, for rooted shoots they are required at intervals of 2 years. Houses of hydrangea in a pot can be grown for about 4 years.
Watering and transplanting
Watering can be carried out using a funnel for these purposes, even every day, even after a day. Do not allow the soil to become too dry. For irrigation use soft water, which is necessarily given to settle. Well proved himself immersing a pot with a flower in the water quite. After the procedure, it is necessary to give off excessive moisture. In the autumn, the frequency of irrigation is reduced - the culture is preparing for a rest time. In winter, watering is carried out occasionally - to slightly moisten the soil. Shoots get the required amount of moisture if you regularly spray.
It is advisable to transplant soil that has good drainage quality. It should have low acidity and excellent fertilising properties. You can make it at home, combining flat pieces of leaf, humus, peat and sand. The root system of hydrangea grows in width. The new flower pot needs to be larger than what is available. The transplant should be carried out carefully so that the root cervix of the plant is not mixed with the soil.
Video «Seed selection before planting»
Light and temperature
A good fit for hydrangea sill in a spacious bright room, located in the penumbra. You can not place this flower in such a way that it will hit the rays of the sun, which can lead to burns! From 8 to 20 degrees of heat - this is the normal temperature for growing. In winter, the indicators do not reach the highest mark, but should not fall below 8 degrees. Sharp temperature differences are detrimental to the flower. If the temperature in the room exceeds the permissible values, it can drop the leaves.
It is still unacceptable to place it close to the heating appliances and works with air conditioning. Humidity indoors should be sufficient or slightly elevated. In the summer, you can move your beauties to the balcony. In winter, a semi-bay type room with a temperature of 5 - 8 degrees of heat is better for it. In the spring and autumn the temperature of the content should not exceed + 22 degrees.
You can buy a ready-made seedling of this plant. But his reproduction is an exciting occupation. Known 5 most popular ways to multiply hydrangea. Among them are trimming, seeds, layers, descendants, separation of bush. Seeds can be sown in seed boxes without preparation. They are not laid, but pressed in moist soil. The box is covered with film or glass after sowing. Appearance of stairs should be expected after 20 days.
You can breed hydrangea with cuttings. This is done at the time of bud appearance - somewhere in mid-July. Cuttings are cut from young plants and from lateral shoots early in the morning. From the stalk, remove the lower leaves, shorten the upper, put in a growth stimulator for 2 hours - suitable heteroauxin, root, zircon. You can prepare the solution yourself - in a glass of water dissolve 1 teaspoon of honey. Prepared cuttings are planted in a mixture of peat and sand - a proportion of 2: 1.
For better rooting, cuttings are covered with jars. Rooting them with a daily watering will take place in 25 - 30 days. By the time the buds are breeding, they reproduce hydrangea by the layers. Soil near the bush scoop up, level, make grooves, where shoots are placed from the bottom of the bush. To accelerate the appearance of roots in the drainage under the first developed kidney, a constriction of a thin wire, taken in a couple of turns, should be made. By the end of summer, young shoots will appear on the drains. They begin to wrap around every 7 to 10 days when the height reaches 15 - 20 cm. In October, thaws are dug, young shoots are separated from each other.
For reproduction of flowers by descendants in autumn, the upper layer of soil is removed, carefully separated porosewall escape. It is planted and left to graze. Propagation of the bush is used for plant transplantation. It is best to do this in the spring. The method is not suitable for Hydrangea Velvety. The bush is well watered, dug, cleanse the roots from the soil, divide into pieces. They are immediately planted, cutting the ends of shoots and roots, to a permanent place of residence.
Flower Book on
Note To prevent excessive watering of plants when growing hydrangea without having to deal with problems. Its result may be decay of the root system, the appearance of aphids, spider mites, and worms.
Special disinfectants can help. If you find that the flower is weakly branched out in the spring, and no flowering is absent, it will help to make the soil useful for the development of the plant matter. In the course of the circumcision, the formation of the bush is carried out. It should always have 2 types of branches - last year's flowering and the second - with the prospect of flowering next year. To change the color of hydrangea really with the help of "magic potion", which includes aluminous alumina or aluminum sulfate with water. A change in the color of the plant occurs in the presence of acidic soil and aluminum. Gentle pink hydrangea can blossom in blue, saturated pink - purple or purple, red - purple.
From December to January, your flower specialists advise you to place in a room with a temperature of 5 - 10 degrees - now the culture is in a state of rest. In February, buds appear on the branches, it is necessary to transplant the plant in fresh soil. If necessary, a more spacious container is taken, the flower is placed in a bright place. Frequency of irrigation is restored gradually, excess moisture is removed. Active growth of hydrangea occurs from March to April - it increases the green mass and preparing to bloom. Irrigation and fertilization are required.
From May to October, your beauty blooms - develops, dissolves, stains and changes color. Advise to put it on the balcony in the penumbra. Avoid drying the earthen breast! The flowering of hydrangea always ends in November. It is noted the drying of inflorescences, which should be cut. Instead of complex or nitrogen fertilizers, add phosphorus-potassium several times. Before the onset of the rest period in December, gradually reduce the number of irrigation and spend less.
Video «Indoor Hydrangea. Care »
Proper care necessarily requires every home flower. To grow a beautiful hydrangea on your window sill, we recommend that you refer to the information presented in this video.