The dog falls out of wool: itch, why, stress factors, nutrition
- 07 Nov 21:45
- Animal Care
The well-groomed look and excellent condition of the hair is a sign of health and well-being for any dog. If the dog falls out of hair, the hair throttled his puppy must be shown to the vet.
- Natural physiological processes in the body
- Abuse of clothing and cosmetics
- Stress or constant anxiety
- Malnutrition, lack of vitamins
- Useful video on the topic
- Any kind of allergic reactions
- Violation of the endocrine system
- Presence of external or internal parasites
- Infectiousfungal skin diseases
- Treatment and prevention of animal baldness
In this article, we will look at why the dog loses hair and itch the skin.
Natural Physiological Processes in the
Organism One of the reasons for this is seasonal molting. Adult dogs drop wool twice a year. And the amount of hair lost is quite significant. During this period the pupil needs special care, which will help to reduce the duration of molting: wool cleaning and animal treatment using a brush and felicitous.
In addition, natural causes for reducing hair loss are pregnancy and childbirth, as well as the elderly age of the animal.
Abuse of clothing and cosmetics
In some cases, dog overalls are an indispensable thing to help protect animals from dirt, street reagents and cold. But excessive seizure of clothing can lead to electrification, stiffness and confusion of wool, which, in turn, can lead to its falling out.
Also, a variety of hairpins, gum and styling tools have a negative effect on the appearance of the dog( these things are especially common among the owners of small long-haired dogs).
Stress or constant concern
Most dogs are very sensitive animals, react sharply to things that are occurring in the environment, and any experience, and, moreover, stress often causes a violation of natural physiological processes. Therefore, the constant nervous tension of the pet, or the stress experienced can contribute to lowering the immunity of the body and cause hair loss.
Malnutrition, lack of vitamins
When choosing a ration for any dog it is very important to maintain a balance. Nutrition of the animal, does not provide it with sufficient amounts of mineral salts and vitamins( especially vitamins A and B), can lead to dryness and loss of wool.
If the dog owner chooses to feed the industrial feed, producers who have proven themselves in the market should be preferred. Such feeds contain all the necessary trace elements and vitamins. In addition, there are special veterinary series of feed intended for animals with problem skin with hair.
If the dog is fed with natural food, the main rule for the owner is to comply with the storage standards and shelf life of the products. The most useful for eating meat( offal) and dairy products. But, since, with such a diet, the optimal amount of micronutrients and vitamins to pick up is quite difficult, you may need consultation of a veterinarian and the parallel administration of multivitamins.
Useful video on topic
https: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = rH901yP26cg
Age-related diseases and diseases at http://feedmed.ru.
Any kind of allergic reactions
In modern cities, and especially in megacities, dog allergies are very common. If the hair loss of the animal is accompanied by an itchy skin, tears, reddening of the ears, and excessive licking of the body - there is a high probability of an allergic reaction.
As with humans, allergens to the pet's body can be varied: food, detergents and cosmetics. The reaction can also be given to any substances that enter the body of the dog during breathing or through the pads of the foot from the environment and from which it is virtually impossible to protect the animal. In this case, allergy is called atopy and requires obligatory supervision by a veterinarian.
Treatment of allergic manifestations that cause problems with wool, possibly by the method of detecting and further eliminating allergen from the diet or the environment of the pet, or by medication with the obligatory consultation of a specialist.
Violations in the work of the endocrine system
There are often causes of "unplanned molting" of a pet - hormonal diseases. Lack or excess of estrogen in the body both dogs and females cause hair loss. Most often such problems are prone to sterilized females, which disturbed the balance of sex hormones.
Also, the factors causing baldness in dogs include the excess of another hormone - cortisol. This case, in addition to strong hair loss, is characterized by a sharp set of weight, swelling of the abdomen and accelerated urination.
In the period of puberty of dogs, the growth hormone deficiency is common. The consequence of this is the baldness of the animal, which occurs symmetrically throughout the body. Diseases of the thyroid gland, accompanied by the disadvantage of its hormones, in addition to dryness, brittleness and loss of hair, leads to the weight of the dog, weight gain and reduced immunity.
Presence of external or internal parasites
In the event of problems with hair, it is impossible to exclude the possibility of animal parasitic diseases caused by the life of ticks, fleas and worms.
The presence of flea animals on the skin can lead to damage to the skin, baldness, allergic reactions to insect saliva, and the appearance of bacteria and fungi. Signs of the presence of these parasites can be ferocious and rapid dogging of the dog, as well as the effect of ingestion in the skin, accompanied by a click of the teeth.
Another cause of disease leading to the baldness of pets is mites. Their presence on the dog's body can be determined by microscopic examination of the smear. Signs of the presence of these pathogens are the presence of pruritus, redness and thickening of the skin, the development of bacterial infections.
Fracture and loss of wool may also be caused by the livelihoods of internal parasites living in the internal organs of the dog - worms. Their possible presence is characterized by a deterioration in the condition of the hair follicle, loss of luster, "unreasonable" weight loss, frequent licking and sniffing of the anus.
Infectious fungal skin diseases
A commonly occurring disease in dogs is trichophytic disease caused by pathogenic spores of the fungus. In turn, this ailment leads to a decrease in animal immunity, redness and very rapid baldness of large areas of the skin. Develop this fungal disease on the skin, as well as the claws of the dog. Symptoms of "scapular lichen" are: the appearance of a rash that goes into the dry, squamous areas of the skin, itching and anxiety of the animal.
Diagnosis of this disease is carried out by laboratory studies of hair and scratching from the skin of the dog. The diagnosis of an animal, as well as the purpose of its treatment, should be carried out only by veterinarians.
Treatment and prevention of animal baldness
Absolutely, there are a lot of possible causes of hair loss in dogs. They can be various diseases, allergic reactions, the presence of parasites and just natural physiological processes in the body.
However, in any of these cases, you must adhere to some simple rules for keeping and nursing a pet to keep both the beauty of his wool and the health as a whole:
- provide the right nutrition;
- to support animal immunity with vitamins;
- to carry out preventive measures in a timely manner: reviews, analyzes, vaccinations;
- protects the dog from contact with sick persons and their toys;
- do not abuse clothes and accessories for animals;
- for the care of a dog's hair use only qualitative means for animals;
If you still have problems with the wool, it is very important not to delay with an appeal to the veterinary clinic.