Shield on indoor plants: how to fight
- 05 Nov 02:45
If you suddenly saw an insect that looks like a small shell, when you look at your favorite indoor plants, you have a shield. Here is the main thing not to panic. Do not immediately throw away your pot. It is necessary to understand what is represented by this pest and howto get rid of shchitivki on indoor plants.
- 1 How the shield and amazed plant
- looks like 2 Methods of struggle
- 3 How to prevent
- 4 Video «What to do if there was a shield on plants»
What kind of shield and amazed plant
looks like Shields belong to the family of smooth-haired insects contracting a coccid. These are very small parasites, which have an oval body, whose length reaches up to 2 mm, which is covered with a wax shield, where the name itself is. Females have no wings, no legs, no eyes, but they have well-developed bodies of soscho-kole type. The most interesting fact is that while the shield is mild, insects can move calmly, and when it hardens, they become stationary. As for the color of the shield, it is not homogeneous: the outer ring is of golden brown color, and the central one is dark brown.
The name of the variety of cactus insects, speak for itself - live on the stalks of the cactus. And another common type is the palm tree shield, which is especially dangerous for young unopened palm leaves. Already adult specimens suck from the plant juice. There is another species of this beast - this is an unreal shield, which by external signs is no different from its relative, only a flat shield. How to recognize a shield on indoor flowers? Because of its small body, it is difficult to detect a parasite in the early stages. But it is the active movement on the leaf to give it out. Insects resemble the most common spots on the leaves and are very fond of hiding under them.
If in the early stages you could not see the parasite in the flowers, then over time you will see a vivid sign that your basin liked and fell into the taste of this uncomplicated parasite. A will give out his sticky liquid, which he leaves on the leaves and stalks of the plant. These sticky secretions are dangerous because they develop sooty fungus that can further aggravate the situation. But here, false food is sucking the juice of the indoor plant, and in the formed emptiness it injects a poisonous liquid that damages photosynthesis, resulting in reddish-brown spots on the leaves. If false mosquitoes begin to attack the leaves more actively, they eventually become deformed and dry.
It is important to know that when a large number of shields are propagated, the soil becomes black.
Affected by shield or false molding can attract ants, which in turn can carry larvae.
Methods of struggle
Methods of control of shields on indoor plants are diverse. But do not think that getting rid of this parasite is very easy. Because of its shield, this parasite is very resistant to chemical agents.
If these insects have visited your orangery, there are ways to fight them:
- Environmental or folk fighting techniques.
- Household - using household chemicals.
If you find a tick on the leaves, the first and most urgent thing to do is to isolate the diseased pot. It is best to get rid of the soil, and the pot and the window sill must be disinfected.
Household methods of household chemicals: give an example of an eco-friendly method in the fight against insects. The recipe for making soap and alcohol solution is very simple: 10 ml is needed for this.alcohol and 15g.and a liter of water, after which everything should be stirred very well. Then, using a cotton wool, we wipe the affected area, removing the coccid, and rinse the prepared solution.
You can fight insects with oil and soap emulsion, which is made with 5-10 gr.soap and 20 gr.engine oil. All this mixture is mixed with water and gets into foam. After processing with this solution, the room flower is wrapped with a film and left for 6-12 hours. After this time, all the greased parts are washed with water. After about 7 days, the procedure is repeated. For machining, you can use an old toothbrush except for cotton sticks and disks.
Popular methods of influencing the parasite: garlic is one of the most effective methods in the nation. For this it is recommended to grind 5 teeth of garlic, pour it with warm water and leave the mixture for several hours. After that, this solution can spray affected areas.
Also, for the control of annoying insects, celandine is often used, 300 g.already dry grass pour one liter of water and allow to stand for 24-36 hours. It is recommended to use a prepared solution for irrigation and wiping.
You can fight a parasite with bitter pepper, which is taken at a rate of 50 g per 1 liter of water. Pepper is finely chopped, filled with water and boiled in a few minutes. Application of this solution is similar to the previous one. Chemical methods: if the indoor plant is already heavily infected, then the drug is used for its treatment phytometer or acarine. One ampoule is diluted in one liter of water. Processing is carried out no more than 4 times. More safe drugs include confidor. It is a preparation of intestinal contact action, so you can spray it with solution and water and soil.
For example, leaves can be sprinkled with a solution of fosbicide, prepared in a ratio of 20 ml per 10 liters of water. It is recommended to spray out of the room. Among the florists, the admiral has shown itself, which also belongs to the intestinal contact group. For spraying, a solution of 6 ml per 10 liters of water is used.
How to prevent
To prevent the appearance of shields on flowers, the most elementary thing to do is to air the room regularly.
Prevent the emergence of an insect to help regularly inspect the leaves. For example, in order to protect an orchid or a family of citrus from uninvited guests, it is necessary to ensure good room humidity. It is recommended to monitor the watering and use the feeding.
Often, as a prophylactic, it uses oil that comes from the fruit of the tree. And it's no secret that the enemies of parasites are high humidity and excellent lighting, so the smallest of these insects are fashionable to find in the southern windows and in greenhouses, where the tropical climate has been created.
Video «What to do if there is a shield on plants»
A record on how to properly get rid of shields and how to care for the plant so that it does not start up.