How do pigeons multiply and how many hatch eggs
- 04 Nov 18:15
Having become the owner of several instances of favorite pigeons, of course, you ask yourself how to reproduce pigeons contained in captivity. Pigeons are birds, hence they carry eggs, hatch them, then feed chicks, and thus increase their population.
You can gethealthy and strong pigeon chicks only if you clearly follow the rules of reproduction.
However, each bird has its own peculiarities, they are also in pigeons. In nature, they do without our help, but home pigeon it is necessary. To breed competently, correctly, with the greatest outgrowth, need to help birds, provide them:
- breeding ground;
- proper feeding diet;
- is the preferred partner choice.
Content of the article:
- 1 Preparation of poultry for breeding
- pairs selection method 3
- pairs type 4 Appropriate age for pairing
- pairing process 6 Egg and
- hatching 7
- hatching process 8 Feeding pigeons
- 9 Summary
Bird breeding to reproduction
In order for the pigeon breeding to be the most successful, in the 2 to 2.5 months prior to the pairing process, it is necessary to separate the pigeons intended to increase the stock from the total flock. During this time they are fed, rest and become ready for the marriage season.
According to weather and region, in the end of winter or in the beginning of spring, begin to collect dandelions. I am being released at this time. Rooms are cleaned, disinfected and dried.
It is important to think about each moment in the arrangement of the nesting place so that there are no unexpected nuances.
When installing slots, it should be kept in mind that they should be larger than the pigeons to exclude fights for the "nursery".In this case, the nests should be as far apart as possible. If the square does not allow this, then the boxes can be placed in several floors, pre-painted them and if numbered. Nests can not be changed until the end of the season.
If it is not possible to install boxes, then the nests are mounted directly on the racks, but between them it is necessary to make partitions.
For the construction of nesting birds, it is necessary to provide hay or straw. The material is enclosed in the nests, and also spreads throughout the dove, allowing the feather itself to complete the shelter for offspring.
To get offspring of pigeons, they need to have comfortable nest in a dove.
Coupling Technique To make pairing of pigeons, pairs must be made. To do this, you need to determine the size of the feather.
Male, as a rule, larger than females, he has a big head with a powerful beak. During the courtship it decapses the tail feathers, makes circular motions and grills.
The female behaves completely differently. The course of it becomes like it floats, it makes characteristic bows, and when "kisses" the female's beak is found inside the male beak.
Fighting is not a clear sign, as "division" can occur between males and females. If the female does not accept the male, then a fight between them is also possible.
Frequent mistakes. In the cage there can be two females, and two males. When selecting pairs need special attention.
When selecting pairs, one must take into account the temperament of the birds. Energetic "bride" will approach the temperamental "bride", and more quiet need a quiet companion.
Picking a pair of pigeons, you need not only correctly determine the floor, but also take into account the temperament of each bird.
Types of parings
Parallel can be both natural( the knight will be determined by itself), and forcibly - if it is necessary to improve the breed or the goal to get offspring with certain qualities.
Natural parting allows you to get a solid offspring.
Appropriate Age for
Mating The most viable offspring are derived from pigeons of 2-3 years old, although in 5-6 months they are already able to put eggs. Duplicate pigeons can be up to 10 years old, but every year the percentage of fertilized eggs and viable offspring will decrease. However, if the breed is very valuable, then you can use an old male and young dove.
Propagate to admit healthy, breedy and strong birds. If the individual is weak, it is irritated, sick, then the offspring may turn out to be unviable, or the eggs may be completely untrained, or the embryos will die during the incubation.
A few days before mating, the birds are sown in different cells that are close to each other. The dove is planted in a male and contains 3-4 days together, observing them. The tallest moment, like birds, can not be seen. However, if the male is actively caring and all shows the "contact", then they are released into the general pack. A couple independently chooses a place for nesting and remains a family forever.
The place for pairing the male chooses independently and should not be disturbed in this.
If a couple does not want to place the slot in the designated location, but does it where it sees fit, this can not be prevented. The "spouses" preferred place should be provided with a bedding material and should be able to independently carry out the process. In calm conditions, the bird will sit well.
Since old-fashioned old couples occupy last year's nests, they must be released first for breeding. Then the newly formed pairs are released one by one. The first pigeon chooses the "house" and calls for the female with characteristic sounds. If the dove approves the choice, the male begins to trample the building material, and his girlfriend put it.
Egg and seedling
Before laying eggs, the dove is long held in the nest, thicken in it, intake.2-3 days after the first demolished pigeon egg appears second. Insufficiency begins, as a rule, 10-12 days after pairing. Egg pigeons carry out in the first half of the day.
The eggs of the dove die in 10-12 days after pairing.
After removing the first egg, the dove can leave the nest and take the second egg the next day, and may immediately begin to sit up. In this case, the chicken from the first egg will hatch before. To make the pigeons simultaneously possible to be born, a person replaces the demolished egg on a dummy. When a second egg appears, the pigeon withdraws the dummy and puts on the present.
There is no single answer to the question of how many pigeons hatch eggs. The period can last from 16 to 19 days. If the weather conditions are warm, pigeons are born earlier, if the air temperature is lower - the terms increase.
In most cases, the egg hatches a female, but twice a day it replaces the pigeon, giving them the opportunity to eat.
Throughout the period of hatching eggs of pigeons turn over several times, this female is doing.
When the hatching is complete, a viable chick will turn the shell itself and pick it out of the egg. The process of sticking lasts from 8 to 10 hours. Born on his own, the chicken was completely viable. If the pigeon needs help, then as a rule, he dies or grows weakened and dies later.
Pigeons hatch without plumage, with a light cannon and blind. The ovulation sac should be retracted. Without a feed, such a bird may remain no more than 24 hours.
Parents themselves heat and feed the cubs. During the first few hours in their goitre begins to form a highly nutritious secret consisting of water, fat, protein and mineral elements."Bird milk" has a lot of fat-soluble vitamins and biologically active substances. Outside, it looks like a little yellowish liquid porridge.
Milk does not always appear on time. If it is formed before the time, the bird leaves the eggs, and the cubs do not hatch. If the chicks have already hatched, and milk has not yet been formed, they can die from hunger. Experienced pigeons use special feeding pigeons to prevent trouble.
If necessary, small pigeons should be fed.
Pigeons feed on milk for a month or so. From the week of age to the milk, the parents add softened grains. Daily amount of grain increases, and up to 20 days the chicks themselves are trying to peck small food. However, goiter milk continues to be a favorite feed even for the smallest birds.
If there is a lack of parents' milk, skilled dove makers arrange the feeding of babies. The hatched chick weighs about 20 m, and by the month it already reaches 300 g, therefore, the requirements for artificial feed are appropriate.
Expedited chicks are fed with chicken yolk, which is slightly slightly warmed up. You can add whole milk to yolk. The mixture is collected in a syringe, which is put on a thin rubber tube, and it is introduced into the esophagus chicks during feeding.
From 10 days, liquid porridge, wheat milk or white bread or flour spoil are used as feed.
The breeding of these birds requires not only knowledge and skills, but also attentiveness. Even doing everything right, you can not always get the desired result. However, persevering work and the desire to have a beautiful bird will help to cope with the difficulties in breeding birds.