Orchids dendrobium noble: home care
- 03 Nov 05:15
We all love the orchid for its beautiful, unique flowering. But the time comes - it blossoms out. When you get acquainted with this article, you will get an idea; you should trim the orchid after flowering and in what care it needs after performing this procedure.
- 1 Description
- 1.1 What does it look like?
- Care Features 2.1 Watering
- 2.2 Temperature
- 2.3 Power Supply
- 2.4 Light
- 2.5 Transplantation and Ground
- 2.6 Choosing the Pot
The flower of the dendrobium, as the representative of the orchid family, grows on the trees, being a peculiar parasite. The name of this plant was also given on the basis of its way of life: from the Greek dendrobium translated as "living on a tree."
However, some subspecies of orchid dendrobium grow not only on trees( epiphytes), but also on rocks( lithophytes).Despite all the oaths of many sellers in specialized stores that Dendrobium Nobilis is a wild flower brought to us from India, China, Indonesia or the Himalayas, these statements are fundamentally false. That plant, which we used to see in the greenhouses or on the window sills of florists-lovers, only a hundredth particle is wild. In essence, these hybrids are derived by scientists, to reduce their capriciousness at content at home. The same species that we buy in kennels, breeders or in stores, is only 0,003% similar to their ancestors. But, by all indications of species belonging these flowers are fully entitled to the family of orchids, with the only difference that the dendrobium of the noble is more unpretentious in the care.
What does it look like?
As for the external features, the orbits Dendrobium nobile are referred to the sympodial type on the basis of growth. That is, in the spring in the old shoots formed a root fusion and swell from 2 to 4 kidneys. By autumn, these young shoots grow to a maximum and are already ripening. The plant sometimes reaches 60 centimeters, the minimum growth of this individual - about 30 centimeters.
The length of the leaves of the flower reaches 10 centimeters, in form they are elongated, systematically falls off. Large pseudobulbs Dendrobium nobilis, which are almost the same size as the main barrel, produce the flower buds for the second year of cultivation. The main flower peduncles appear at the very top of the tubers, do not have leaves. If the plant is properly groomed, then these stalks will cover the whole barrel. Such flowering nightlife impresses the imagination with its beauty - in fact it is completely "clothed" with inflorescences of three or more flowers, which grow in groups in one bundle. The diameter of one flowering varies from 4 to 7 centimeters, and their coloring on one stalk may have different tonalities of the same color or contrasting shades, as in the photo.
The most common copy - with oval shaped petals and a slightly wider casserole, pink and white in one individual. The darkest shade is always on the core of the round lip, and the brightest is on its edge.
The largest plus of the Dandrobium Nobilis orchids is that home-grown care of this plant will not be difficult even for the most engaged or inexperienced its hosts. The main requirements are irrigation, temperature control, lighting and heating.
With regard to watering, then the main thing is not to overdo it and rely on the principle of "better, less and better. Water is necessary for a dendrobium case, when the soil, in which it is planted, is dry and not wet. But, at the same time, it would be good to spray the barrel and leaves of the sprayer from time to time to bring it closer to the conditions of growth in the wild. This also applies to the wintering of your flower - during colds, it does not require much moisture. In the warm season, when the humidity is less, the substrate in the pot will dry up much faster. For this reason, much more water will be required, but without overfilling.
The temperature of the
The ideal temperature for a noble orchid ranges from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. In winter this mode should be no lower than 16-18 degrees. In addition, experts advise, not to allow strong jumps of temperature - it can injure a flower. But if it is still necessary to subject him to this test( moving from one place to another, etc.), then prepare the plant to do this in advance - do not feed and not watered as abundantly as before. Although, it should be noted that a very low temperature can completely kill the plant.
With fertilizers, it's a bit easier. Fodder nobile should be spent more often - for better preservation of the root system and the life of the flower itself. In order not to make mistakes in choosing the right one, it is worthwhile to focus on fertilizers specifically designed for your subspecies. This will reduce your problems with the direct "nutrition" of the orchid, and do not create stressful situations for her. It is also better not to overdo it with the amount, but use the solution as much and intelligently as possible. Often on the packaging, the producer describes the entire feeding process, but if you are not sure that the proportions are correctly parsed, it is better to consult a specialist in a florist shop or an expert expert on the cultivation of such plants.
Dendrobium nobile, like other members of this family, loves good lighting. Therefore, specialists emphasize the fact that in the middle of spring and autumn overseas guest should be placed on the windowsills on the southern side. In the summer, when the light day is much longer, it is better to dislocation to the western or eastern side. Such pedanticity will not be superfluous, as the flower likes not only warmth, but also moist air. And falling on the leaves, roots and flowers of direct sunlight can lead to the death of dendrobium, as well as any other representative of the family.
Transplant and soil
The main rule that you should remember and follow him constantly is not to use ordinary land for the transfer of your pet. It will destroy the plant, despite the assurances of many users of specialized forums on the Internet. It is necessary to use a special substrate consisting of wood bark, charcoal and moss-sphagnum. In addition, bits of "soil" should be large enough - such plants like this. Florists emphasize the fact that the bases of flower tubers can not be deepened in any case - new sprouts perish and can spoil the whole plant.
Select the pot
The pots should be opaque, small in size, but not too small. It is better to choose the average size of the dishes, taking into account the growth of your pet. When buying it is immediately to find out from the seller, which size will reach a specific person in two or three years. Based on these options, it will be much easier for you to make a choice. And if you are in doubt - ask for help from a consultant. So you save your time and the health of the future pupil.