ChrysanthemumsCaring for flowers with chrysanthemums
- 28 Oct 23:45
Chrysanthemum is a unique flower with an interesting history of origin, which has the second name "golden flower".Included in the family of Aistro. In addition, many types of chrysanthemums belong to the Pizhmov family. At present, breeders have about two thousandvarieties of this plant. The home of this beautiful work of nature is China. Even in 551 BC, the Chinese had already bred chrysanthemums in their gardens.
After several centuries, these flowers appeared in Japan, where they acquired the status of a national flower and became a symbol depicted on the emperor's seal. In addition, one of the highest awards is the Order of Chrysanthemum. Currently, this most beautiful creation of nature is known all over the world, many adore this flower for its extremely beautiful appearance. A diverse color range of chrysanthemums can decorate any holiday, make a note of a fairy atmosphere in the pre-holiday interior or simply make an extremely beautiful gift bouquet.
Growing this crop can occur in different conditions, both in greenhouses and in gardens. Not rarely they are grown as indoor plants. In greenhouse conditions, the most widely-grown chrysanthemums are grown. Its height reaches 70-80 cm. The flowering season begins from the very midst of the hot season( summer) and lasts until late autumn. There are cases when there is a sudden winter, in the garden you can see a beautiful picture - a flower of chrysanthemum, sprinkled with snow.
The main chrysanthemum flavor is a warm, not hot climate with enough sunlight. It is necessary to grow these flowers, as they say, in the middle of the climatic conditions. They grow poorly in dark, cool and humid places. The most favorable place for growth and abundant flowering will be the place where there is enough sunlight, ventilation and good fertile land.
Particularly frequent irrigation does not require these cultures, it's just enough to ensure that the soil does not crack from drying out. And most importantly - the presence in the soil of minerals and organic substances, which must be brought into the soil in the autumn of the year. For this purpose, suitable components such as manure or peat will fit perfectly. During the summer, when the vegetative period begins, chrysanthemums should be fed with special mixtures of minerals. Do it once a week.
How to breed chrysanthemums
There can be several types of reproduction:
- By dividing one shrub
, the chrysanthemum seed is multiplied by seeds. It is recommended to plant seeds on the seedlings in spring( end of March, beginning of April) at home, then as a plant grows a little, it is necessary to carry out the procedure of diving twice, only then you can plant in open ground. Seeds are propagated only small-flowered chrysanthemums.
You can breed all kinds of cuttings. This procedure is recommended to be conducted in the early spring: usually at the end of February-early March. For cuttings, the lower part of the stem is cut with a sharp knife. The surface of the cut must be smooth and free of blemishes. Planted cuttings need pre-prepared, soaked mineral and organic additives to the ground in pots, in the house.
After 30 days, as the plant grows, it is transplanted into a large container, and with the help of manipulation of pinching, start the process of branching the stem onto the branches. Water in small portions of water, as the earth dries. At the onset of a warm season, when the soil is warming up, seedlings can be planted in open ground. With this method, it is possible to preserve one feature for several generations.
Propagation by dividing the bush is carried out in the spring. To do this, you need to separate a small part, which will be a few shoots, and transplant it to another place.
With pinching, bush plants are formed. Most often this method is used for fragrant chrysanthemums. When a young plant reaches 5 leaves, tip the stem slightly pinch. After the appearance of new shoots this procedure is repeated. As a result, new shoots are formed in the axils of the leaves, which promotes the development of the bush-type plant.
Glorious Chrysanthemums do not pass such procedures. On their stems there is only one flowering flower, others are removed. To achieve a larger flower, it is necessary that the plant stem be as small as possible shoots.
Diseases The cause of many chrysanthemum ailments is the attack of pests such as aphids, spider mites, trypsy. If these pests are found on or near the plant, then all the flowers must be treated immediately with antiparasitic substances.
In addition to pests, diseases such as rust, spot, gray rot and powdery mildew can occur. This can happen due to unfavorable conditions for the maintenance of plants, namely: high humidity of soil and air. Treatment can be sprayed with special fungicides, before the application of which it is necessary to remove all sick letters or even the whole plant.