Causes of the disease, systomas and the treatment of rhinotracheitis in cats
- 28 Oct 01:15
- Animal Care
Rinotracheitis in cats - the disease is quite serious. If the owner is watching a favorite tear - and salivation, runny nose and stuffy nose, active sneezing, one can assume that this is just a cold. But the case may be much worse, since almost all of the samesymptoms show cat's herpes, also known as viral rhinotracheitis of cats. Rinotracheitis is a general, acute( sudden) viral illness. The disease is characterized by fever, rhinitis( inflammation of the sinuses), ocular infection and sneezing. Sometimes the inflammation of the trachea( tracheitis) or throat may occur.
As the infection occurs
Most often, a healthy animal can pick up an infection from an infected pet by contact with discharge from the nose, mouth( sneezing or saliva) or eyes. When using one toilet tray, a common bowl of water and food, as well as mutual licking a healthy animal can also become infected. If a pregnant cat is infected, the virus can be transmitted to kittens. Because of high infection, the virus is spreading rapidly in shelters, nurseries, or homes where a large number of cats live.
Some cats, when infected with the rhinotracheitis virus, may not hurt themselves but become hidden carriers. In such cats, the symptoms do not appear, but they can pass the virus to other animals. Strong stress can cause activation of the virus in carriers and serve as the cause of the manifestation of mild symptoms, they pass independently in a few days.
Who can get
? All the cats are prone to risk of rhinotracheitis: small and large, old and small, cats and cats of any breed. However, the risk group falls into cats with weakened immunity, which are in stressful or cluster conditions, as well as kittens and representatives of brachycephalic breeds( flattened, for example, Persians).Cold and poor ventilation in the room increase the likelihood of morbidity. The presence of infectious diseases makes the pupil more susceptible to rhinotracheitis.
Dogs and humans are not susceptible to herpes and can not catch them. Like cats can not pick up human herpes.
Symptoms of the disease
Rinotracheitis is a rather secretive disease. In each animal, the virus manifests itself in different ways, depending on how it affects a particular pet. Usually, rinotracheitis causes corneal inflammation( keratitis), conjunctivitis, upper respiratory tract disease, but the list of possible symptoms is much greater:
- Difficulty breathing;
- Ulcer of speech;
- Nasal congestion;
- Extraction from the eyes;
- Ulcers on the cornea;
- Lack of appetite and least interest even to your favorite food;
- Pregnant beloved spontaneous abortion may occur.
Immediately after infection, the first symptoms can go through an incubation period of 3-5 days. Most often, the symptoms of the virus are associated with the upper respiratory tract. The disease manifests itself suddenly, with periodic sneezing attacks. Appearance of discharge from the nose. Even a cough may appear. There is redness of the eyes, which often covers the ears, with purulent or watery secretions. I may have ulcers on the cornea. An animal loses its interest in eating, eating badly or not at all suitable to the dumplings. The risk of rhinotracheitis also lies in the fact that the weakened organism of the animal is more prone to secondary infections.
Unfortunately, cats, like humans, never completely get rid of infection. In a person, once hit the body, herpes manifests itself with the weakening of immunity, or in the event of stress, the same thing happens with pets. But the symptoms can be treated. After examination and diagnosis, the veterinarian selects the appropriate treatment, depending on the specific manifestations and condition of the cat. Often assigned:
- Immunosuppressive agents;
- Antiviral drugs;
- Nasal drops that help reduce sputum discharge;
- Means for reducing eye pain and infection treatment.
If rhinotracheitis affects the eyes, correct and timely treatment becomes the only way to preserve your pet's vision. Maxindin and Anadine are used to treat rhinitis and various eye infections.
Good nutrition, care and love of the owners usually help most pupils to fully recover after infection. Do not forget that any animal with diseases of the upper respiratory tract must be under the supervision of a veterinarian. You should not practice self-medication!
What should I do to make my pet feel better and recover faster?
To help the cat stand up faster, that is, paws, should:
- Create a calm cozy, warm atmosphere in the house. Remember that cats are more responsive to quarrels and cries;
- Isolate a sick favorite from healthy animals at home, but do not forget about it;
- Make sure that the kitsa drinks water and eats at least as usual;
- Support toilet tray, food and drink bowls in cleanliness;
- Regularly wipe and rinse the nose of the throat to ease the breath, since it's not convenient to eat with the nasal stuff;
- Frequently wipe your eyes, because the selection periodically dries, which leads to the creation of awkward hardcrits;
- Stimulate appetite by products with a strong odor( eg, fish);
- To empty the room in which the animal is ill. Or periodically, put the cat in the steamed bath, trying to do her inhalation, which will help lower the nasal congestion and greatly facilitate breathing.
How to reduce the likelihood of re-infecting
It is a pity, but no vaccine, no drugs from rhinotracheitis have not yet come up with. The main therapeutic goal - to reduce the severity and frequency of relapses( exacerbations) of the disease. Usually the symptoms are manifested in stressful situations, it is necessary to help the pet to stay happy and calm. To reduce stress, it is recommended that:
- Provide access to the window sill and cuff. If the cat does not have anything to do, she will always be able to look in the window and watch the birds;
- Provide her with toys and entertainment to keep her favorite from being bored;
- Keep litter or pet's favorite place clean;
- Regularly inspect the cat and take care of it;
- Try to maintain a routine and measured lifestyle for your loved ones. New people, sudden changes, frequent permutations of furniture, loud sounds - all this is a great stress for the kitsa.
Remember timely feeding with vitamins and minerals, then the cat will be happy and healthy!