Disease of Salmonella in Pigeons: Symptoms and Treatment
- 24 Oct 16:30
This is a dangerous disease, as salmonellosis occurs both in wild and domestic birds. It is caused by a stick, a salmonella, which does not survive in alkaline medium, but can long remain on the shell of eggs and in water. Consider salmonella in pigeons,treatment and symptoms.
- 1 What are the symptoms of a disease?
- 1.1 Form of the disease
- 2 How to cure salmonella in pigeons?
- 2.1 Prevention of
- 2.2 Vaccination
- 3 Video "Pigeons in Irkutsk"
What are the symptoms of a disease?
Salmonella infection is very common to pigeons and often causes loss of a large number of birds. It is worth noting that the sick with salmonellosis both wild and domestic birds, however, among wild fauna is less common.
Of course, one of the main causes of the disease is the lack of hygiene. Other vectors, rats and some insects may also be carriers. Lack of food, dirty water, weak immunity - all this only contributes to the possibility of infection. Most often the disease affects the young. In order to properly treat, and most importantly, to prevent the spread of an illness throughout the poultry house, you need to know its symptoms.
So, salmonella in pigeons proceeds in several forms: in secret and in the explicit. In the latter variant, birds most often lose appetite, have a skinny look, show strong thirst, have diarrhea. In such a form, without strong and timely treatment, the individual dies in one and a half to two months. The hidden form is insidious, the pigeons have no signs of infection, but they are carriers.
The complexity and danger of salmonellosis is that the disease affects the internal organs: the lungs, the liver, the intestine, the brain. Young individuals set aside unripted eggs or defective embryos. Also, in apparent form of the disease, pigeons cease to fly, they sit in one place.
Another important detail - Salmonella is transmitted through the egg, so very often the chickens are hunted already by the sick. They usually die at the age of 14 days.
Form of Disease
As we have already said, salmonella is dangerous because it affects the internal organs. Depending on this, there are several additional forms of ailment. For example, the most common are intestinal and nervous forms.
Intestinal, as a rule, always proceeds very acutely and quickly becomes chronic. At this time in the bird there is a constant diarrhea, the allocation of bile, there is apathy and poor appetite. Even very often the infection affects the joints of the bird. This is most often observed after a pigeon has already suffered from salmonella. The capsule of the joint increases in volume, in it the liquid is collected and the bird loses the ability not only to fly, but sometimes to walk. When this form of the disease takes place acutely, even paralysis of the extremities and the court can be observed.
A nervous form is accompanied by the presence of a court throughout the body and occurs as a result of a long illness. Most often in such a situation the bird dies. She turns on her back or side and throws her head up. True, due to modern medicine, this form of salmonellosis is quite rare.
How to cure salmonella in pigeons?
So, once you determine the degree and form of the disease yourself, either alone or with the help of your veterinarian, immediately you should take care of the treatment of salmonella in pigeons. Today, there are many medicines that quickly destroy the infection. Often birds are prescribed ampicillin, levomitsetin, Bayril, enroflo, and other medicines from leading European companies. However, only the very medical treatment is not enough, it is necessary to carry out a number of measures to prevent the spread of the disease and other individuals.
Prevention As experts say, it's easier to prevent a disease than to treat it. Fortunately, in this case, there are also their own events:
- is a good nutrition for pigeons;
- carrying out all necessary sanitary and hygienic measures, cleaning, disinfection of the poultry, good ventilation;
- is a fight against mice and rats that often climb in the quest for grain;
- timely checking of birds - twice a year before pairing it is necessary to conduct bacteriological laboratory analysis of feces on salmonellosis;
- use natural bioadditives to maintain good immunity and microflora, for example, to give yeast, apple cider vinegar;
- drug prevention in the most difficult periods - before lining, you can give non-essential antibiotics;
Today, European live-type vaccines, such as Salmo PT and Chevivac-S, are well-proven. They are well tolerated and have no side effects. Unlike other cheaper options, these vaccines do not destroy beneficial microflora, do not reduce immunity and do not interfere with oviposition of females.
Young pigeons need to be vaccinated against salmonella for the first time at the age of 8-10 weeks two weeks after vaccination from the vestibule. Then, already adult birds spend it once a year also after vaccination from the vestibule. This is about the end of November - the beginning of December.
Video "Pigeons in Irkutsk"
In this video you will see a large number of pigeons living in the city, as well as find out what needs to be done so that the birds do not carry salmonella.