How to put a decorative plaster in the bathroom with your own hands
- 19 Oct 21:00
- Repair Of
When organizing repairs in a home, an apartment in front of residents, the task arises, which material to choose for lining the walls. Today, the market presents a lot of materials that are widely used for the bathroom. The most common ceramic tile,wallpaper. Some prefer to handle the bathroom with a special waterproof paint. Decorative plaster has begun to be used for bathroom treatment relatively recently. Thanks to its valuable properties, it is increasingly used today
This method of processing is more original, but less practical. Decorative plaster is one of the newest materials. Even more recently, she was used to handle lobbies, drawing rooms or table tops. Gradually, she expanded the scope of her application. Then the plaster has not yet been used for bathroom repair. Currently decorative plaster is resistant to temperature and high humidity fluctuations, so it is suitable for such premises as kitchen, bathroom. Let's consider in more detail how the decorative plaster is being prepared and put into the bathroom, the main stages of work, the pros and cons of material.
Varieties of decorative material
To do bathroom repair, you need to choose a coating. To date, there are several types of decorative plaster. Allocate structural, textured and Venetian plaster. Each of them has its own distinctive properties and a way of applying it to the surface. Structural type is characterized by having a structure in the form of small grains or granules. It is presented in Figure 1. It contains numerous granules or small pebbles that give it good external data. It has a mineral origin. One of the main components is potassium silicate. They are all prepared with solvents. This material can be purchased already in the finished form. It is sold in containers weighing 15 or 25 kg. It's not necessary to plant and mix with something.
The second kind is a textured plaster. It is shown in Figure 2. This coating contains lime flour and various fillers in the form of marble or granite crumbs. When applied to the surface of the walls a relief canvas with an unusual pattern. The picture can mimic wood or stone. Of great importance is the technique of its application, the presence of special tools. The third type - Venetian plaster, shown in Figure 3. It is prepared from marble flour and in its appearance looks very much like this material. The composition also contains emulsion and lime. You can apply it only on a prepared, perfectly level basis. Its great advantage is water resistance, fire safety. In addition, it is a safe material.
Advantages and disadvantages of
Whether facing material has its advantages and disadvantages, decorative plaster is not an exception to the rule. Firstly, its very valuable property is vapor permeability. Second, the decorative plaster normalizes the microclimate in the bathroom. No mold will be formed, the mirror will not sweat. In spite of all this, the bathroom must necessarily be equipped with a ventilation system. Third, the decorative plaster gives the bathroom a beautiful appearance. Modern plaster does not have a strong odor when applied to the surface, so they are more secure.
Fourth, this material does not need to be cooked, it is already sold in ready form at the store. Of great importance is the fact that the plastering in the bathroom is carried out quite simply and quickly. Despite all the advantages, the plaster also has disadvantages. It can only be used on even walls, so they need a thorough alignment. Not all types of plaster have fire safety and the ability not to pass water. For these purposes it is recommended as a base layer to use sanitary plaster, which will serve as a waterproofing layer.
Decorative plaster for baths is used when a well-prepared surface in the bathroom. It is done in the same way as when applying plain plaster. First of all, dismantling of the old cover is carried out. Defects and cracks are laid. The surface should be completely clean and dry. If there are any oil spots, rust, then it is recommended to remove them. The next step is to apply a primer layer. Apply it in 2 layers. It is necessary in order to improve the adhesion of the decorative coating at the final stage. For this, the first coat is diluted in water in accordance with the instructions and using a spatula is applied evenly in a layer of about 20 mm thick on the walls of the bathroom.
For elongation before applying the finishing coating, elastic( sanitizing) plaster is often used.
It is useful because it creates a strong waterproofing layer. The basis of walls at the same time should be strong and clean. Stitches on the surface of the brickwork can be extended and expanded, the protrusions are also cleaned with a metal brush or Bulgarian with a grinding nozzle. If the main coating is a textured plaster, then after the primer layer it is expedient to apply a paint-substrate.
Application of decorative coating
Structural material is most often applied on the walls of the bath with a trowel or spatula. The movements can be circular and straight. Distribute the mixture should be evenly and at the same time quickly, as in about 2-3 hours the layer will begin to dry. The texture plaster has some peculiarities when applied. To add walls to a more sophisticated bathroom, you need to put it in 1 or 2 layers. You can use a brush, roller, spatula. You can lay a layer of wax or paints on the plaster top.
The greatest interest is the technique of distribution and application of Venetian plaster. For this type of facing, the foundation of the walls is aligned. To check equality use a water or laser level. Plaster should be painted in the right color. To do this, mix 2-3 shades of color to get the material resembling marble. The material is applied by small dashed movements using a steel, triangular spatula. The number of layers can be from 4 to 10. After the Venetian-covered root is dry, cover it with wax.
Wax is transparent. When repairing in the bathroom it is necessary to remember that the plaster dries very quickly, but this does not mean that you can immediately use the bathroom for its intended purpose. Complete polymerization occurs only 1-2 weeks after the repair. It is interesting that the decorative cover of this type can be used to decorate the ceilings, and not just the walls in the bathroom.
Tools and Material List
To make a quality bathroom repair using decorative plaster, you need to have a complete list of tools and materials. It includes a spatula, trowel, construction or water level, putty, primer, plastering plaster, brush, brush, wax or paint. You need to buy a sufficient amount of decorative mixture. Thus, decorative plaster is a modern facing material that is suitable for any premises in the house or apartment. To make such repair can absolutely everyone in their hands, it is necessary only to know the basic stages of work and certain skills. Of great importance is the correct preparation of the ground.