Durian Diphian FruitPhoto of fruits, which grows, than smells, which is to taste
- 19 Oct 16:15
Durian zibethinus( Durio zibethinus) is a fruit tree of the Malvi family. The Duriyan genus includes about 30 species, of which only 9 edible. Fruit-friendly foods have excellent taste and different healing properties. But their sharp smell and storage complexity does not allowto get the plant widespread. Durian tsibetinovy - the most famous species of the kind Durian. Its fruits are grown and sold not only on its natural homeland, but also beyond its borders.
The word Durian comes from the Malaysian duri, which in translation means a spike. The fruits of this plant are covered with a thick shell with numerous spines. Due to its extraordinary taste, Durian is sometimes referred to as the "King of Fruits".
Where grows the Durian
Originally from Southeast Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia. He needs a hot tropical climate with plenty of light and moisture, frequent watering or the proximity of the reservoir. Grows at home, as well as in India, Africa, Brazil, Indochina, Sri Lanka and the Philippines.
Description of the fruit tree
Durian tsibetinovy - a tropical tree that reaches 40-45 m in height. Leaves hard, regular, with even straight edges and pointed tip. Their oval shape reaches 30 cm in length and 7 in width. The top of the sheet is smooth, bright green, the bottom - silver, rough, with tiny golden scales.
Flowers of bisexual, white, yellow or pink flowers are located on the branches and trunk of the tree. Their size is not very large - about 5 cm, but they are assembled in inflorescences-half pasty, containing up to 30 flowers per branch. Dissolve at night. The sharp sour smell attracts bats, they feed on nectar, pollen of durian and pollinate flowers.
Fruits large, round, heavy. With a value of about 30 cm in diameter and weighing more than 5 kg of falling fruit in a state to break the head of any intersecting. The flesh is covered with a rigid dense crust with numerous spines. The barbs are greenish-brown or yellowish, the inner contents are white, cream or yellowish-red. Seeds are divided into five nests.
The smell of the fruit is disgusting. Sharp and sour, it is compared to rotted onion, rotten egg, turpentine and the like. Flesh juicy, sweet, soft oily. Its taste is similar to the taste of vanilla cream with a thin note of almonds, on the taste of cream, pineapple and strawberries. According to locals, the smell of the durian leads to thoughts about the horrors of hell, his taste - about the charms of paradise.
Different varieties are slightly different in taste and smell. The red Durian has a delicate caramel flavor, but it's a terrible smell of turpentine, and the Mira variety smells of fried almonds. The best known Thai varieties are for the sweet taste and the least sharp odor.
A well-fertilized, drained soil is suitable for the durian. Like many tropical plants, it is very demanding for heat, light and high humidity.
Can be multiplied by seeds, grafts, roots, sprouts. The sapling of the duriana will reach its maturity and will begin to bear fruit only after 15 years. Trees raised by vaccination give the first crop for 4-5 years. Most often, durian is grown from seed by seedling method. This is the lightest and most convenient landing variant. The fruiting of such plants begins with 7-15 years of life. But, unfortunately, the seeds have a short implementation time. Fresh seeds sprout for 7 days, very well and quickly evolve. Winters usually do not leave at all.
The developing tree regularly feeds, mulch, produces plentiful irrigation. In March-April, the plant begins to blossom and smell unpleasant. Sour smell attracts at night the main pollinators - bats. On thick branches and the trunk of the durian, clustered fruits are tied up. During ripening, hard flesh is fermented inside, there is an unpleasant smell of something rotten. In July-August, ripe fruit fall from the tree, the barbed-wood crackles open. Sometimes the fruit has fallen in about 7 days to mature. Overreated flesh acquires a strong bitterness and is not suitable for food.
The maximum yield of dillian tsibetinovogo reaches 50 fruits from one tree. Fruits are harvested when their hard shell begins to crack. If the fruit is cut off, it is left to ripen for a few days. All works should be carried out in a box, it is not recommended to go without protection under the tree. Heavy fruit( weighing more than 5 kg) can fall from a huge height( tree growth 30-40 m) and cause serious injuries.
As well as the fruits of many plants, a dry, cool place, but separate from food, will fit dryrian storage. Due to the terrible smell, it is difficult to keep fruits in the enclosed room and along with other products. In the countries of Southeast Asia it is forbidden to find the Durian in many public places.
The use of
Durian, he is the "king of fruits", has excellent flavor and is considered an exquisite delicacy. It is used in fresh form, as well as dried, cooked, salted, cooked various sauces. Chopped seeds are a great seasoning.
Fruits contain many vitamins and trace elements: amino acids, fiber, potassium, vitamins A, C, D, K, B vitamins, carotenoids, vegetable protein.
Hunters use the Durian as a bait to catch some wildlife.
The healing properties of the fruit help to cure many diseases. In the countries of Southeast Asia it is believed that the durian rejuvenates the body. It contains manganese and dietary fiber is very useful to diabetics, since it helps regulate the level of sugar in the blood. From different parts of the plant medicines are prepared for the treatment of colds, a number of skin diseases, jaundice. Durian improves bowel work, carcinogens, is widely used in folk medicine.
Rich mineral composition and extraordinary taste give the fruit pulp a great nutritional value, with many therapeutic effects, but its unpleasant smell prevents widespread plant propagation.