Ultrasound of the brain of the newborn( neurosonography): features of the holding
- 23 Jun 01:45
In this article, we will consider the process of ultrasound of the brain for newborns. When it's usually done, how the process is built and how safe this procedure is for your baby.
At present, ultrasound is considered to be the most secure and popularvariant available in many ways, with which you can obtain the necessary data on how the brain and other various organs located in the cranial box are constructed and operated.
- General Information
- Indications for Brain Ultrasound
- How Safe Is Neuroscopy?
- How does ultrasound of the brain occur?
- What can I see during research?
- Features of Ultrasound in Infants
It is widely used in pediatrics, as it is possible to screen a brain of a newborn. During certain procedures, the specialist has an excellent opportunity to assess the condition not only in the general, whole brain, but also, in particular, each individual element.
In addition, the ultrasound of the brain of a newborn will also help to identify a number of defects in development, unless, of course, such are present. Everything follows the following principle.
Special waves in the form of ultrasound radiation penetrate through soft tissues of the body, and accordingly, such research can be done only in a certain category of patients, that is, young children under the age of about one year, while those who still have springs.
If a person wants to reduce potential risks in the future, then ultrasound should be carried out as soon as possible. And most importantly, it should be remembered that when all the sources of a child are closed, then neurosonography will no longer be possible.
Ultrasound of the brain is prescribed mandatory for each child in the first month as a comprehensive examination program. This procedure includes ultrasound of the heart, thymus, hip joints, abdominal cavity, and also cavities.
Surveys on ultrasound are conducted in a cozy and calm atmosphere, which makes it possible to get the whole picture of the condition of the brain of a newborn.
Indications for the ultrasound of the brain
If the child is not yet a year, then he is recommended to undergo at least one course of neurosonography. This should be done in order to exclude the possibility of the emergence of the congenital anomaly of brain development.
It is worth noting that for a certain category of newborns, ultrasound is also absolutely vital.
The category of these children includes:
- children born with genital trauma, complications during childbirth;
- born before the desired time period;
- children with unusual shape and size of the head;
- children who have certain suspected infections within the womb;
- children born with excessive body weight;
- children, who have some pathologies for the development of various systems and organs;
- children who have signs of neurological diseases, such as, weakness in the legs or arms, seizures, or delay in the level of psychomotor development.
When a physician sees fit, he can prescribe ultrasound more often, for example, every two or three months. Such studies are conducted more often in order for the doctor to be able to correct diagnosis and track the appropriate dynamics of changes in the patient's health.
How safe is neurosonography?
Ultrasound of the brain in children has absolutely no side effects and does not have any interesting contraindications, and therefore this study is considered completely safe.
In addition, this method is quite precise and reliable when it comes to obtaining the necessary data relating to the development of the brain of the newborn. In general, the principle of action is based on the mechanical vibrations of various kinds of sound waves, which have a fairly high frequency.
It is worth noting that the human ear is not capable of hearing such high sounds, but at the same time they can hear and give out a lot of living beings, for example, dolphins and bats.
It is logical that it was the dolphin decided to use as the main symbol of this trend in the field of medicine.
Devices designed for ultrasound diagnostics are manufactured in accordance with serious and stringent requirements. A manufacturer must be approved by WHO staff.
How does ultrasound of the brain occur?
Virtually every time a newborn ultrasound of the brain is needed to perform such a process, through the front fountain, which is located between the parietal bones and the frontal bone.
In addition, neurosonography is performed in some cases and through the side fringe, located near the temples, as well as through a relatively large hole in the neck, which are close to the base of the neck.
For ultrasonography always use the equipment, which consists of three main parts, namely - the monitor, the sensor receiving the device. A professional will carefully and easily drive a baby's head with a special sensor, which before the procedure is thoroughly greased with a special gel, which is used in some areas of medicine.
Then, the doctor receives certain ultrasound pulses, which will always be received in the receiving part of the device. There, they are converted into electrical models, and then displayed as a moving motion on the monitor screen.
It would be desirable to note that in fact, ultrasound is a quite comfortable procedure that can be performed at any time, even when the child is asleep.
What can be seen during research?
Information on the ventricle of the brain, namely its contours, size, and the type of it belongs to. If there is any change in the contours of the ventricles of the brain, then most likely there are hemorrhages within the same ventricle.
When ventricles expand, the reason is that the child begins to develop rickets, hydrocephalus or other equally dangerous diseases.
But the only thing that unites all the diseases that can develop in this way is the fact that the child starts to lag behind in terms of mental and physical development, so if there are such symptoms, then you should start treatment as early as possible.
Due to the investigation of large vessels located in the brain, as well as their gluings, one can determine the presence of large aneurysms, that is, areas with excessively enlarged walls. It should be noted that these aneurysms are too violated by the correctness of the process of blood circulation, and therefore there is a probability of serious hemorrhage.
Blood pouring into the substance of the brain and its ventricles is typical for those babies who are not premature. Such processes are observed most often in the first week of the child's life, but attention should be paid as soon as possible, because if in time to not get rid of the disease, then in the future there may be a serious process of complication.
Meningitis is a fairly common disease that is infectious and related to abnormalities in the brain, as well as deformities of tissues present in this organ. With the help of the procedure, ultrasound is a good opportunity to detect such a disease.
Tumors. They are rare in children, but there are still such cases. Here, in the first place, the doctor must determine the general nature of the tumor, its location, type, size, and then assign the desired course of treatment.
Features of Ultrasound in Infants
In case when during the examination there was a certain pathology concerning the brain, it is necessary to immediately consult with a doctor a neurologist. Such a specialist will be able to prescribe some medications that can be taken as a prevention.
Thus, if even the process of developing a disease has begun, then the fountains should close earlier, and this may not always be useful, in particular if there is a high pressure inside the cranium box.
In addition, many "finds" during the ultrasound of children need to discuss with the doctor not only because he has appointed a method of treatment, but also in order for the specialist to make the necessary vaccinations, which will help reduce the risk of a possible disease to a minimum.
If the source is very small or completely closed, then there is only the possibility of conducting a so-called transcranial ultrasound. It should be noted that this procedure is less effective than the usual ultrasound, but at the same time there is no need for mandatory sedation for the child, that is, anesthesia can not be applied.