Orchid Ludice: description with photos, care and views
- 14 Oct 17:30
This flower is unique. It is exotic in nature, but easy to care for. That is why it will suit both beginners and experienced florists. What do we know about him?
- 1 Description
- 1.1 Residence
- 1.2 Differences
- 2 Types
- 3 Care
- 3.1 Placing lighting
- 3.2 Temperature, humidity
- 3.3 Irrigation
- 3.4 Feeding
- 3.5 Calm
- 3.6 Transfer
- 3.7 Reproduction
Ludisiadiscolor - "precious" orchid. There are names: Ludice, Ludice, Gemaria. Compared to other species, its flowers are not so spectacular. It is valued for elegant leaves.
The geography of Ludia is vast: Vietnam, New Guinea, Zealand. Leaf-shaped shape - Brazil, Vietnam. Cold-Resistant - Japan, China, India. Simple - Russia. On this territory, the orchid is known, thanks to the collector A. Bersenev. He managed to save the endangered species, and also adapt it to home conditions. It was from that period( the beginning of the 20th century) that the fashion went to contain such beauty in the apartment.
A herbaceous two-colored plant with its roots attached to moss on trees or caves. Its size - no more than 15 cm. Stems are thick, creeping.
Leaves are shiny, velvety, with silvery veins. Their palette is diverse: dark green, brown, black, red, even black. Therefore, this species is called "perestrolite".Blossoms all year round, preserving its decorative character up to 7 years. High flowering. Throws small fragrant flowers, more often white.
In nature, the orchid Ludisia is only one species - two-colored. The names are colorless or colorful.
However, there are different plant forms: Alda, Davtosonyana, Odina, Velvet( Green Velvet, Red, Silver, Emerald, etc.)
Dawsoniana - one of the largest forms, about 30 cm high. Leaves are red-brown, pink veins.
Odina - has dark green or black leaves with silvery stripes.
Velvet - the names of this variety are given by the color of the leaves. It is velvet with a contrasting pattern.
Of all the "precious" orchids, Ludisia is most adapted to indoor conditions, easy to care for.
Since it is a cold-loving plant, it's better to be in the penumbra. Optimally: south-east, south-west. If you place it in the south, provide light scattered in the summer. If in the north - artificial winter light. It is required that access to uniform soft light was 12-15 hours a day. With insufficient number of stalks begin to be pulled out.
Along with the heating battery placement is excluded. Direct sunlight should be avoided, otherwise the burn of leaves may be possible.
In the heat the maximum temperature +25 degrees in the day +20 - at night. In winter, it may be slightly lower. Provide a contrast diurnal temperature of up to 10 degrees. It contributes to the lush blossom. Avoid drafts. Suppose micro-airing.
High humidity should be maintained - 70-75%.With its insufficiency, air is often sprayed around the plant, especially in the summer. Or near the pallets with water. Otherwise it is possible to get infected with different ticks: white-winged, spinach, flourish worm, shield.
Water for irrigation in Ludia is taken soft, slightly warmer than room temperature. Suitable also distilled, rain, snow, boiled. Morning or daytime watering of the substrate is carried out. If all the parameters are selected perfectly, the orchid will cost one watering in a week.
You can not do it from the top so that the leaves of the sinuses are not filled with moisture. Because it stays there, which leads to the decay of the stem, and possibly the death of the plant. All water should be drained into the tray. And it is better to arrange "bathing" in the shower.
The ideal irrigation criterion is light soil moisture. Pre-drying is also excluded.
It is rare to fertilize the flower: approximately 2-4 times in a half year. Used shop concentrate for orchids according to the instructions.
Flowering is observed mainly in the autumn( October-November, in spring: beginning of March, possibly in winter-December. After active growth, there may be a period of rest. As, as mentioned, the orchid Ludisia is modest in the care. Therefore, if you want constant flowering,provide it with cooler conditions at this time - up to +18 C.
It is carried out in the spring once every 1-2 years. Comfortable such a plant will be a wide, low-tray with holes, but this beautiful woman can grow in one sphagnum.in
It is therefore best to take a classic substrate with a slightly larger amount of moss, which must be present on the surface of the soil, pre-soaked for 1-2 hours in the room water to remove insects.
You can take advantage of the recipe of the soilA. Barseneva: 4 parts of ore peat + 4 parts per honey + 4 hours fresh moss + 4 h. Pine green needles + 1 part birch charcoal + 1 part of foam.
After flower transplants provide light, heat and moisture. The sharp temperature difference is still not desirable.
This kind of breeding can be all year round by cuttings. However, the spring-summer period of young sprouts is faster and easier. The upper part of the stem, where 2-3 knots are left, are cut. Bake a cut with green or coal. Cuttings are placed in damp moss, placing leaves on its surface. Wood with charcoal will also fit. In a young plant, the flower stalks are first removed for better growth.
You can still select a stem without leaves, split it on the cuttings with knots.