Acne for children - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
- 11 Jun 03:45
- Disease Of The Skin
It is believed that acne is a problem most people encounter in adolescence. Indeed, rarely anyone can avoid the formation of acne during the period of puberty, however, they sometimes have to deal with acne in children. Andaccordingly, to begin to fight acne will have to be earlier.
The appearance of nodes and pimples on the face of babies, as a rule, causes great concern to parents. Especially if the rash is abundant, and cover almost the whole surface of the cheeks and the forehead of the baby. Meanwhile, especially do not worry. Acne in newborns and infants is a fairly widespread phenomenon, which, in most cases, goes on its own.
However, it is also not necessary to close the eyes of the child with signs of acne. The kid must necessarily show the pediatrician. And if the doctor deems it necessary, then consultation of the narrow specialists may be necessary.
- 1 Causes of
- 2 Clinical picture of
- 2.1 Infant rashes
- Diagnosis 4
- treatment 4.1 Treatment by folk methods
- 5 What do parents need to know?
- 6 Forecast and prevention
- 7 Photo
Causes of formation of
Many young parents believe that the appearance of acne is a sign of poor care for the baby. Actually, as a rule, cause other causes of acne.
Acne of newborns, which is noted in about 20% of children, is most often caused by the following causes:
- The effect of mother's hormones that are still present in the blood of a newborn;
- Restructuring of the baby's hormonal system, which provokes increased sebum production.
Acne of newborns is not a contagious( infectious) disease, moreover, this condition is not considered a disease. Rather, it is a functional state that is caused by the process of adapting the baby's body to new living conditions.
Acne baby develops at the age of 3-6 months. As a rule, it is provoked by hormonal imbalances, which consist of increased production of androgens in the adrenal glands. This type of acne, as a rule, develops in boys.
If childhood acne occurs in severe form, then this disease is most often caused by a significant increase in the blood sugar of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. Some authors believe that the risk of developing acne in children is increased if the parents of the child( or one of them) suffered from acne.
Clinical picture of
In general, manifestations of acne in infants are similar to acne in adolescents. The rashes look like pustules - purulent acne.
Rashes in Newborns
- Manifested acne in the first days or weeks of life.
- The nature of the rash - papules and purulent pustules.
- Comedones are usually not observed( both open and closed comedones can appear).
- Localization of the rash - the skin of the cheeks, forehead, chin. Sometimes there are pins on the eyelids, neck, upper chest and head( on the scalp).
- The intensity of the rash is moderate, physical acne of the newborn baby does not cause acne.
- Rash usually disappears after 1-3 months, and less often pins are stored for up to a year.
Acne in infants occurs less frequently than acne in newborns. Males are more likely to become ill.
- Acne first manifests itself at the age of 3-6 months.
- Manifestation of childhood acne by the formation of various elements - papules, pustules, closed and open comedones. Moreover, the quantitative advantage of the inflammatory elements. It is possible even the formation of purulent cystic formations.
- Rashes in childhood acne are most often localized on the cheeks.
- In some children, manifestations of childhood acne go on for a year, but most often the rash persists up to 3, and sometimes up to 5 years.
- In severe forms of child acne, conglomerate or spherical acne is formed. Characterized by such acne by the formation of large subcutaneous nodes, which tend to merge with the formation of conglomerates. At suppuration of nodes abscesses are formed, and after their healing on the skin there are rough scars.
- It is believed that acne in children, especially those that occur in a conglomerate form, is a forerunner to the development of acute acne in adolescence.
When acne occurs on the face of the baby, contact the pediatrician. It is very important to distinguish between acne and manifestations of allergy, in the form of urticaria and dermatosis. And also, from the pitney.
Develop an allergic reaction in a breast-feeding baby may be due to the fact that the nursing mother has eaten some allergen products. Later, an allergy may develop due to violations of the rules of supplements or the individual intolerance to the baby of certain foods.
A sweatshirt is also evolving from the fact that the baby is very curly, and he sweats in his clothes. Sweat irritates the tender skin, which leads to the formation of rashes.
The main difference between acne and allergic reactions is the localization of rashes. When acne rash is usually on the face. With allergies, rashes can be located throughout the body. In the development of pitnitsy, on the contrary, small rash is formed on the skin of the body, and on the face of rash are absent.
In addition, it is necessary to assess the nature of the rash, with acne, rashes are pustules and comedones( with a baby form of acne), and in the case of allergies and petiole, purulent pimples are not formed.
Acne of newborns, most often, does not require special treatment. Initiation of treatment is necessary only if the condition of the skin worsens, as well, if manifestations of acne did not pass through three months.
It is not recommended to treat newborn acne as an independent treatment, as the use of inappropriate drugs can only cause deterioration of the condition and laser acne treatment in the child, as a rule, do not conduct.
In no case can you try to squeeze pins because the baby's skin still lacks adequate protection, so the risk of developing inflammation at the site of the extruded pimple is greatly increasing.
For the treatment of childhood acne, especially if the disease progresses actively, it is necessary to prescribe the local application of retinoids, hormonal and bactericidal agents.
The most effective treatment for acne is benzoyl peroxide, however, creams containing this drug should be used with caution, as they promote dry skin.
In addition, topical preparations containing triclosan, retinoids, erythromycin or trimethoprim may be prescribed. However, none of the listed drugs can be used for the treatment of acne in infants without the appointment of a doctor. Parents should understand that the use of medicines for the infant without the appointment of a doctor is dangerous, as the child's body is not yet adapted to the perception of shock doses of drugs.
It is not strictly recommended to use oil and greasy creams for the treatment of acne. The use of these funds will only aggravate the situation, as the oily basis will help to fill the pores. Do not use without a doctor's appointment and such, seemingly harmless preparation, as bepanthen. This tool can dry the pins, but will not help them cure.
It is important to keep hygienic conditions. It is necessary to wash the face of the baby twice a day with warm water. After a day, you can use baby soap for washing. After the procedure is completed, gently wet the baby's face with a soft clean towel. Probably, you do not have to repeat that baby towels should be individual and they need to be changed more often.
When worrying about hygiene, you can not bend the stick. Parents should understand that acne is caused by intensive work of the sebaceous glands, and not by bad care. So that you do not have to strive for complete sterility.
Treatment by folk methods
Acne in newborn infants or can be used to treat certain types of herbs. You can cook decks of their turnips, chamomile, calendula. Use decoctions to clean the face of the baby. It is especially recommended to wipe the baby's face after he woke up, as the children often sweat in the dream, which can lead to more rashes.
What do parents need to know?
Acne in toddlers is not a hygienic problem. Some babies are born with pimples on the face, so the quality of care does not depend on the appearance of rash. Therefore, parents should not worry that the education of pimples in the child is their fault.
The appearance of ordinary pimples in children does not cause them pain or other unpleasant sensations. The pain only causes the formation of conglomerate acne, but, fortunately, in such a severe form of the disease occurs infrequently.
The relationship between the occurrence of acne in newborns and the severity of acne in adolescence is absent. But if the rash appeared at a later age, then there is a chance that an adult child will encounter the problem of acne formation. Especially, if the child's form of acne was leaky with the formation of spherical acne.
It is not recommended to try to treat the baby yourself. Even the use of such innocent funds as a baby cream can exacerbate the problem. And trying to squeeze out or somehow remove the pins on the skin of the baby is strictly prohibited, because it can lead to the development of severe inflammatory reaction.
Forecast and prevention of
It is impossible to prevent the occurrence of acne in infants, as these problems are caused by hormonal alterations in the body.
Forecast in this form of acne, as a rule, is good. Newborns acne, usually, passes through 1-3 months without any traces. Child acne has a longer course. Sometimes manifestations of acne continue to appear for 4-5 years. In addition, children who have suffered severe forms of child acne may develop acne in adolescence.